Renuka, Reṇukā, Reṇuka: 17 definitions



Renuka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Reṇuka (रेणुक):—One of the two main varieties of Kaṅkuṣṭha (a kind of medicinal earth), which is part of the uparasa group of eight minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. It has a blackish-yellow color and is considered the inferior variety.

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6

Reṇuka is a variety of Kaṅkuṣṭha (“Rhubarb”).—The Reṇuka variety is blackish yellow in colour, contains very much less satva in it and is considered inferior.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Reṇukā (रेणुका):—Daughter of Reṇu. She was married by Jamadagni (son of Satyavatī). Many sons, headed by Vasumān, were born from the womb of Reṇukā. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.12-13)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Reṇukā (रेणुका).—The wife of the hermit Jamadagni. (For further details see under the word Jamadagni).

2) Reṇukā (रेणुका).—A holy place frequented by Sages. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 82. Stanza 82 that those who bathe in this holy bath would become as pure as Candra (Moon). It is stated in Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 82, that this holy place lies within the boundary of Kurukṣetra.

3) Reṇuka (रेणुक).—A powerful Nāga (serpent). This serpent who was a dweller of Pātāla, (nether world) once went to the Diggajas (Eight elephants supporting the globe), in accordance with the instruction of the gods, and asked them questions pertaining to duty and righteousness. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva. Chapter 132, Stanza 2)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Reṇuka (रेणुक).—An Ikṣvāku king; his daughter Kamalī became the wife of Jamadagni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 60-2.

1b) A hill.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 163. 88.

2) Reṇukā (रेणुका).—A daughter of Reṇu (Suveṇu, Vāyu-purāṇa) and wife of Jamadagni; mother of Paraśurāma;1 went once to the Ganges for a pot of water for homa purposes, saw the Gandharva king Citraratha playing with the Apsaras and forgot the time for returning home. Jamadagni understood her mind and in a rage asked his sons to kill her. All refused but Paraśurāma did it. Later as the result of the boon to his son who had pleased him by the act she came back to life. During the absence of Rāma, the sons of Arjuna (Haihaya) killed Jamadagni in spite of Reṇukā's earnest protests.2 On Rāma returning, she cried out beating 21 times on her breast; liked to die on the funeral pyre when she heard from the air that her husband would soon be alive. Though she desisted from it, she died unable to bear her husband's death.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 9. 6; IX. 15. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 94; 91. 89-91; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 7. 35-6.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 16. 2-13.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 97; ch. 30 (whole) ; 45. 11.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Reṇuka (रेणुक) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.28.18). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Reṇuka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Reṇukā (रेणुका) refers to Parpaṭa (Fumaria vaillantii) and is the name of a medicinal plant dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs (viz., Reṇukā) during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Renuka was the wife of Jamadagni and the mother of Parashurama. She was the daughter of King Presnajit. Their five sons were: Rumanvan, Sushena, Vasu, Viswavasu and Parashurama.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Reṇukā (रेणुका) was the wife of Muni Jamadagni, according to chapter 6.4 [subhūma-cakravartin-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“[...] Muni Jamadagni, angry, like a wind made the girls hunch-backed like the wooden part of bows that have been strung. Then he saw a daughter of the king playing in sand-piles in the courtyard and he called her ‘Reṇukā.’ He showed her a citron, saying, ‘Do you want it?’ She stretched out a hand indicating the taking of the hand (in marriage). [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Reṇuka (रेणुक).—A particular mantra (formula) recited over weapons; Rām.

Derivable forms: reṇukaḥ (रेणुकः).

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Reṇukā (रेणुका).—

1) The wife of Jamadagni and mother of Paraśurāma; see जमदग्नि (jamadagni).

2) A kind of medicinal substance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Reṇukā (रेणुका).—f.

(-kā) A sort of perfume and medicine, of a bitter and slightly pungent taste and greyish colour; it is procured in grains about the size of those of pepper. 2. The wife of the saint Jamadagni and mother of Parasurama; once she saw the Gand'harba-king Chittraratha sporting with his queen and felt envious of their felicity. Defiled by unworthy thoughts she returned disquieted to her home. Jamadagni seeing her fallen from sanctity, was enraged and ordered his sons to cut off her head; and one of them Para- Surama with explicit obedience to his father’s command beheaded her; but her husband was so much pleased with the dutifulness of his son that he restored her to life at the request of his son Parasurama. 3. A sort of pulse, (Ervum or Cicer lens.) E. reṇu sand, dust, and kan added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Reṇukā (रेणुका).—[reṇu + kā], f. 1. A sort of perfume and medicine. 2. A sort of pulse, Ervum. 3. The wife of Jamadagni and mother of Paraśu-rāma, Mahābhārata 3, 11072.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Reṇuka (रेणुक):—[from reṇu] m. a [particular] formula recited over weapons, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Yakṣa, [Mahābhārata] ([Nīlakaṇṭha])

3) [v.s. ...] of a son of Reṇu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a mythical elephant, [Mahābhārata]

5) Reṇukā (रेणुका):—[from reṇuka > reṇu] a f. See below

6) Reṇuka (रेणुक):—[from reṇu] n. a species of gem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Reṇukā (रेणुका):—[from reṇu] b f. a [particular] drug or medicinal substance (said to be fragrant, but bitter and slightly pungent in taste, and of greyish colour; cf. reṇu), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a Kārikā (composed by Hari-hara; cf. reṇu-kārikā), [Catalogue(s)]

9) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Jamad-agni and mother of Paraśu-rāma (she was the daughter of Reṇu and of king Prasena-jit), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Reṇukā (रेणुका):—[re-ṇukā] (kā) 1. f. A sort of perfume and medicine; name of jamadagni’s wife; a sort of pulse.

[Sanskrit to German]

Renuka in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Reṇukā (रेणुका):—(nf) see [reṇu].

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