Renuka, aka: Reṇukā, Reṇuka; 8 Definition(s)


Renuka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Reṇuka (रेणुक):—One of the two main varieties of Kaṅkuṣṭha (a kind of medicinal earth), which is part of the uparasa group of eight minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. It has a blackish-yellow color and is considered the inferior variety.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Reṇuka is a variety of Kaṅkuṣṭha (“Rhubarb”).—The Reṇuka variety is blackish yellow in colour, contains very much less satva in it and is considered inferior.

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Renuka in Purana glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

Reṇukā (रेणुका):—Daughter of Reṇu. She was married by Jamadagni (son of Satyavatī). Many sons, headed by Vasumān, were born from the womb of Reṇukā. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.12-13)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Reṇukā (रेणुका).—The wife of the hermit Jamadagni. (For further details see under the word Jamadagni).

2) Reṇukā (रेणुका).—A holy place frequented by Sages. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 82. Stanza 82 that those who bathe in this holy bath would become as pure as Candra (Moon). It is stated in Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 82, that this holy place lies within the boundary of Kurukṣetra.

3) Reṇuka (रेणुक).—A powerful Nāga (serpent). This serpent who was a dweller of Pātāla, (nether world) once went to the Diggajas (Eight elephants supporting the globe), in accordance with the instruction of the gods, and asked them questions pertaining to duty and righteousness. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva. Chapter 132, Stanza 2)

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Reṇuka (रेणुक).—An Ikṣvāku king; his daughter Kamalī became the wife of Jamadagni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 60-2.

1b) A hill.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 163. 88.

2) Reṇukā (रेणुका).—A daughter of Reṇu (Suveṇu, Vāyu-purāṇa) and wife of Jamadagni; mother of Paraśurāma;1 went once to the Ganges for a pot of water for homa purposes, saw the Gandharva king Citraratha playing with the Apsaras and forgot the time for returning home. Jamadagni understood her mind and in a rage asked his sons to kill her. All refused but Paraśurāma did it. Later as the result of the boon to his son who had pleased him by the act she came back to life. During the absence of Rāma, the sons of Arjuna (Haihaya) killed Jamadagni in spite of Reṇukā's earnest protests.2 On Rāma returning, she cried out beating 21 times on her breast; liked to die on the funeral pyre when she heard from the air that her husband would soon be alive. Though she desisted from it, she died unable to bear her husband's death.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 9. 6; IX. 15. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 94; 91. 89-91; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 7. 35-6.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 16. 2-13.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 97; ch. 30 (whole) ; 45. 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Reṇuka (रेणुक) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.28.18). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Reṇuka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Renuka was the wife of Jamadagni and the mother of Parashurama. She was the daughter of King Presnajit. Their five sons were: Rumanvan, Sushena, Vasu, Viswavasu and Parashurama.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Relevant definitions

Search found 37 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

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Jamadagni (जमदग्नि).—m. (-gniḥ) A Muni, the father of Parasurama. E. jaman prajvalitaḥ agniḥ iv...
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Citraratha (चित्ररथ).—m. (-thaḥ) 1. The sun. 2. The chief of the Gand'harbas or choristers of I...
Śuṣila (शुषिल).—m. (-laḥ) Air wind. E. śuṣ to dry, kirac aff., and the semi-vowel changed to la...
Reṇu (रेणु).—mf. (-ṇuḥ-ṇuḥ) 1. Dust. 2. The pollen of flowers. m. (-ṇuḥ) A medicinal plant, com...
Vara (वर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Best, excellent. 2. Eldest. m. (-raḥ) 1. A boon, a blessing, e...
1) Prasenajit (प्रसेनजित्) is the name of an ancient king from Śrāvastī, according to the Kathā...
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