Bhunimba, Bhūnimba, Bhu-nimba: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Bhunimba means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Bhūnimba (भूनिम्ब) is a Sanskrit word referring to “Green chiretta”, an herbaceous plant from the Acanthaceae family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It can also be spelled as Bhūniṃba (भूनिंब) and is also known as Kālamegha, Kirātatikta or Kalpanātha. Its official botanical name is Andrographis paniculata and it is one of the most bitter plants used for traditional medicine.

The plant Bhūnimba is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.

2) Bhūnimba (भूनिम्ब) is another name (synonym) for Bhūmikadamba: one of the three varieties of Kadamba, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Neolamarckia cadamba (burflower-tree). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.97), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Namah Journal: An overview of certain Āyurvedic herbs in the management of viral hepatitis

Bhūnimba (भूनिम्ब) or Kālamegha refers to the medicinal plant known as Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.), Wall ex Nees., and is employed in the treatment of Kāmala.—Among the single and compound preparations described in Āyurveda for the treatment of kāmala, some of the drugs have been found to be effective. A scientific study of the drugs [viz., Bhūnimba] was carried out and significant response observed.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Bhūnimba (भूनिम्ब) refers to the medicinal plant Swertia chirata (Roxb. Ex. Flem.) Kar., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Bhūnimba] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant Swertia chirata (Roxb. Ex. Flem.) Kar. (Bhūnimba) is also known as Kirātatikta according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Bhūnimba (भूनिम्ब) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Andrographis Paniculata Nees” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning bhūnimba] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhūnimba (भूनिम्ब).—Gentiana Chirata (Mar. kirāīta).

Derivable forms: bhūnimbaḥ (भूनिम्बः).

Bhūnimba is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhū and nimba (निम्ब).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūnimba (भूनिम्ब).—m.

(-mbaḥ) A species of gentian, commonly cherayta, (Gentiana cherayta, Rox.) E. bhū the earth, and nimba the Nimba tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūnimba (भूनिम्ब):—[=bhū-nimba] m. Gentiana Chirata, [Suśruta; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūnimba (भूनिम्ब):—[bhū-nimba] (mbaḥ) 1. m. A species of gentian.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhunimba in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhūniṃba (ಭೂನಿಂಬ):—[noun] = ಭೂನಿಂಬೆ [bhunimbe].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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