Patola, aka: Paṭola; 4 Definition(s)


Patola means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

1) Paṭola (पटोल) is a Sanskrit word referring to Trichosanthes dioica (pointed gourd), from the Cucurbitaceae family. Certain plant parts of Paṭola are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. It is a perennial fruit similar to cucumber and squash. It is a dioecious (male and female plants) vine (creeper) plant with heart-shaped leaves (cordate) and is grown on a trellis. The fruits are green with white or no stripes. Size can vary from small and round to thick and long — 2 to 6 inches (5 to 15 cm).

According to the Bhāvaprakāśa it has the following synonyms: Kulaka, Tikta, Pāṇḍuka, Karkaśacchada, Rājīphala, Pāṇḍuphalā, Rājeya, Amṛtaphala, Bījagarbha, Pratīka, Kuṣṭhahā and Kāsabhañjana. The Bhāvaprakāśa is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.

According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th-century Āyurvedic work), this plant is mentioned as an effective agent in the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Bṛhatyādigaṇa group of medicinal drugs.

2) Paṭola (पटोल) can also refer to Trichosanthes cucumerina (snake gourd), als from the Cucurbitaceae (gourd) family. It is also known as Tiktapaṭolā. In english, other synonyms include “serpent gourd”, “chichinda” or “padwal”. It is found throughout the wilderniss across most of South and Southeast Asia.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

In Buddhism


paṭola : (m.) the snake-gourd.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Paṭola, (dial. ?) a kind of cucumber, Trichosanthes Dioeca Vin. I, 201 (°paṇṇa). (Page 402)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

pātōḷā (पातोळा) [or pātōvaḷā, or पातोवळा].—m A dish composed of rice-flour, pompion or cucumber sugar &c.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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