Patola, aka: Paṭola; 7 Definition(s)


Patola means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Patola in Ayurveda glossaries]

1) Paṭola (पटोल) is a Sanskrit word referring to Trichosanthes dioica (pointed gourd), from the Cucurbitaceae family. Certain plant parts of Paṭola are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. It is a perennial fruit similar to cucumber and squash. It is a dioecious (male and female plants) vine (creeper) plant with heart-shaped leaves (cordate) and is grown on a trellis. The fruits are green with white or no stripes. Size can vary from small and round to thick and long — 2 to 6 inches (5 to 15 cm).

According to the Bhāvaprakāśa it has the following synonyms: Kulaka, Tikta, Pāṇḍuka, Karkaśacchada, Rājīphala, Pāṇḍuphalā, Rājeya, Amṛtaphala, Bījagarbha, Pratīka, Kuṣṭhahā and Kāsabhañjana. The Bhāvaprakāśa is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.

According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th-century Āyurvedic work), this plant is mentioned as an effective agent in the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Bṛhatyādigaṇa group of medicinal drugs.

2) Paṭola (पटोल) can also refer to Trichosanthes cucumerina (snake gourd), als from the Cucurbitaceae (gourd) family. It is also known as Tiktapaṭolā. In english, other synonyms include “serpent gourd”, “chichinda” or “padwal”. It is found throughout the wilderniss across most of South and Southeast Asia.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Paṭola (पटोल) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes dioica (pointed gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.22-24 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Paṭola is commonly known in Hindi as Parval; in Marathi as Kaḍu-parval; in Gujurati as Kaḍvī-padār; in Bangali as Tit-paltā; in Telugu as Advipotlā; and in Tamil as Kaṭṭu-puttola.

Paṭola is mentioned as having sixteen synonyms: Kaṭuphala, Kulaka, Karkaśacchada, Rājanāmā, Amṛtaphala, Pāṇḍu, Pāṇḍuphala, Bījagarbha, Nāgaphala, Kuṣṭhāri, Kāsamardana, Pañca, Jyotsnī, Kuṣṭhaghna and Rājiphala.

Properties and characteristics: “Paṭola is kaṭu (pungent), tikta (bitter) and uṣṇa-vīrya (of hot potency). It is benificial in rakta-pitta (bleeding disorders) and kapha diseases. It cures kaṇḍu (itching), kuṣṭha (leprosy and allied skin diseases), blood disorders, fever, burning sensations and body-aches”.

(Source): WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[Patola in Pancaratra glossaries]

Paṭola (पटोल) refers to two types of vegetables fit for use in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.121b-125 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā.

(Source): Isvara Samhita Vol 5
Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Patola in Pali glossaries]

paṭola : (m.) the snake-gourd.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Paṭola, (dial. ?) a kind of cucumber, Trichosanthes Dioeca Vin. I, 201 (°paṇṇa). (Page 402)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Patola in Marathi glossaries]

pātōḷā (पातोळा) [or pātōvaḷā, or पातोवळा].—m A dish composed of rice-flour, pompion or cucumber sugar &c.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Patola in Sanskrit glossaries]

Paṭola (पटोल).—A species of cucumber (Mar. paḍavaḷa); सामसाध्येषु कार्येषु यो दण्डं योजयेद् बुधः । स पित्ते शर्कराशाम्ये पटोलं कटुकं पिबेत् (sāmasādhyeṣu kāryeṣu yo daṇḍaṃ yojayed budhaḥ | sa pitte śarkarāśāmye paṭolaṃ kaṭukaṃ pibet) || Pt.3.132; also पटुक (paṭuka).

-lam A kind of cloth.

Derivable forms: paṭolaḥ (पटोलः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Rājiphala (राजिफल) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes ...
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Kaṭukā (कटुका) is another name for Tiktatuṇḍī, a medicinal plant identified with Coccinia indic...
Karkaśacchada (कर्कशच्छद) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichos...
Pāṇḍuphala (पाण्डुफल) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanth...

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