Patola, aka: Paṭola; 7 Definition(s)
Patola means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
1) Paṭola (पटोल) is a Sanskrit word referring to Trichosanthes dioica (pointed gourd), from the Cucurbitaceae family. Certain plant parts of Paṭola are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. It is a perennial fruit similar to cucumber and squash. It is a dioecious (male and female plants) vine (creeper) plant with heart-shaped leaves (cordate) and is grown on a trellis. The fruits are green with white or no stripes. Size can vary from small and round to thick and long — 2 to 6 inches (5 to 15 cm).
According to the Bhāvaprakāśa it has the following synonyms: Kulaka, Tikta, Pāṇḍuka, Karkaśacchada, Rājīphala, Pāṇḍuphalā, Rājeya, Amṛtaphala, Bījagarbha, Pratīka, Kuṣṭhahā and Kāsabhañjana. The Bhāvaprakāśa is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.
According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th-century Āyurvedic work), this plant is mentioned as an effective agent in the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Bṛhatyādigaṇa group of medicinal drugs.
2) Paṭola (पटोल) can also refer to Trichosanthes cucumerina (snake gourd), als from the Cucurbitaceae (gourd) family. It is also known as Tiktapaṭolā. In english, other synonyms include “serpent gourd”, “chichinda” or “padwal”. It is found throughout the wilderniss across most of South and Southeast Asia.(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Paṭola (पटोल) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes dioica (pointed gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.22-24 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Paṭola is commonly known in Hindi as Parval; in Marathi as Kaḍu-parval; in Gujurati as Kaḍvī-padār; in Bangali as Tit-paltā; in Telugu as Advipotlā; and in Tamil as Kaṭṭu-puttola.
Paṭola is mentioned as having sixteen synonyms: Kaṭuphala, Kulaka, Karkaśacchada, Rājanāmā, Amṛtaphala, Pāṇḍu, Pāṇḍuphala, Bījagarbha, Nāgaphala, Kuṣṭhāri, Kāsamardana, Pañca, Jyotsnī, Kuṣṭhaghna and Rājiphala.
Properties and characteristics: “Paṭola is kaṭu (pungent), tikta (bitter) and uṣṇa-vīrya (of hot potency). It is benificial in rakta-pitta (bleeding disorders) and kapha diseases. It cures kaṇḍu (itching), kuṣṭha (leprosy and allied skin diseases), blood disorders, fever, burning sensations and body-aches”.(Source): WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Paṭola (पटोल) refers to two types of vegetables fit for use in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.121b-125 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā.(Source): archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Languages of India and abroad
paṭola : (m.) the snake-gourd.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Paṭola, (dial. ?) a kind of cucumber, Trichosanthes Dioeca Vin. I, 201 (°paṇṇa). (Page 402)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
pātōḷā (पातोळा) [or pātōvaḷā, or पातोवळा].—m A dish composed of rice-flour, pompion or cucumber sugar &c.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Paṭola (पटोल).—A species of cucumber (Mar. paḍavaḷa); सामसाध्येषु कार्येषु यो दण्डं योजयेद् बुधः । स पित्ते शर्कराशाम्ये पटोलं कटुकं पिबेत् (sāmasādhyeṣu kāryeṣu yo daṇḍaṃ yojayed budhaḥ | sa pitte śarkarāśāmye paṭolaṃ kaṭukaṃ pibet) || Pt.3.132; also पटुक (paṭuka).
-lam A kind of cloth.
Derivable forms: paṭolaḥ (पटोलः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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The drugs known as Patola, Chandana, Kuchandana, Murvā, ...
Pāṇḍu (पाण्डु) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes dioi...
Amṛtaphala (अमृतफल) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes...
Pañca (पञ्च) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes dioica...
Kulaka (कुलक) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes dioic...
Pratīka (प्रतीक).—Son of a King called Vasu. (9th Skandha, Bhāgavata).
Bījagarbha (बीजगर्भ) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthe...
1) Tiktā (तिक्ता) is another name for Mūrvā, a medicinal plant identified with Marsdenia tenaci...
Pāṇḍuka (पाण्डुक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.12, I.35) and represents on...
Hūṇa refers to an ancient district or cultural territory, as mentioned in the 7th-century Mudrā...
Rājiphala (राजिफल) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes ...
Panna (पन्न).—p. p. [pad-kta]1) Fallen, sunk, gone down, descended.2) Gone; see पद् (pad).-nnam...
Kaṭukā (कटुका) is another name for Tiktatuṇḍī, a medicinal plant identified with Coccinia indic...
Karkaśacchada (कर्कशच्छद) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichos...
Pāṇḍuphala (पाण्डुफल) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanth...
Search found 16 books and stories containing Patola or Paṭola. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXCVIII - Various medicinal compounds disclosed by Hari to Hara < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CCXVII - Various Recipes for the cure of sterility, virile impotency, etc. < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CXCIV - Medical treatments of Sinus etc < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 17 - Purification of Katuki and various other seeds < [Chapter XXXI - Upavisha (semi-poisons)]
Part 4 - Vanga-kalpa < [Chapter VI - Metals (6): Vanga (tin)]
Part 14 - Dietary presecriptions and prohibitions when taking iron < [Chapter IV - Metals (4): Lauha (iron)]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Treatment for fever (98): Sannipata-martanda rasa < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Treatment for fever (133): Parvati-karuna rasa < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Treatment for fever (69): Sannipata-gajankusha rasa < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)