Kumbhi, Kumbhī: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Kumbhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Kumbhi (कुम्भि) or Kumbhī refers to a “large pot”. Kumbhī is explained by “sroṇyādipākasamarthā bṛhatī sthālī”. The exact object of the Sūtra is not quite clear. Prabhutva is explained by samarthatva, that is, fitness. This would mean, that on account of their fitness, or because they can be used for the object for which they are intended, or, so long as they can be used, the rule applying to them should remain. The commentary explains tantram by tantratā or ekatā. It may mean that the same pots and spits should be used, so long as they fulfil their purpose. The next Sūtra would then form a natural limitation.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kumbhī (कुम्भी) is another name for Bhūpāṭalī an unidentified medicinal plant, possibly identified with Padali (in Marathi), Nelvadari (in Kannada) or Tikapana (in Gujarati), according to verse 5.129 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Kumbhī and Bhūpāṭalī, there are a total of four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Kumbhī (कुम्भी) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Kumbha forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Cittacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the cittacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (‘emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Kumbhī] and Vīras are black in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kumbhi in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Cordia vestita (A.DC.) Hook.f. & Thomson from the Boraginaceae (Forget-me-not) family having the following synonyms: Gerascanthus vestitus, Gynaion vestitum. For the possible medicinal usage of kumbhi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Kumbhi [कुम्भी] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Careya arborea Roxb. from the Lecythidaceae (Brazilnut) family.

Kumbhi in the Bengali language, ibid. previous identification.

Kumbhi [কুম্ভী] in the Assamese language, ibid. previous identification.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kumbhi in India is the name of a plant defined with Boswellia serrata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr. (among others).

2) Kumbhi is also identified with Careya arborea It has the synonym Barringtonia arborea (Roxb.) F. Muell. (etc.).

3) Kumbhi is also identified with Commiphora mukul It has the synonym Balsamodendrum mukul Hook. ex Stocks (etc.).

4) Kumbhi is also identified with Stereospermum suaveolens It has the synonym Stereospermum suaveolens (Roxb.) DC..

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Pl. Corom. (1811)
· Asiatic Researches, or ‘Transactions of the Society’ (1807)
· Bibliothèque universelle de Genève. (1838)
· Ann. Pharmacother. (1984)
· Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (2010)
· The Annals of Pharmacotherapy

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kumbhi, for example side effects, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, extract dosage, diet and recipes, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kumbhī : (f.) a pot.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kumbhī, (f.) a large round pot (often combined with kaḷopī, ) Vin. I, 49, 52, 286; II, 142, 210; Th. 2, 283. loha° a copper (also as lohamaya k° Sn. 670), in °pakkhepana, one of the ordeals in Niraya PvA. 221. Also a name for one of the Nirayas (see lohakumbhī). Cp. nidhi°.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kumbhī (कुंभी).—f kumbhyā or kumbyā m (Or kumbhā) A tree. Strong rope is made from the bark of it, and its leaves cover the iralēṃ.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kumbhī (कुम्भी).—

1) A small water-jar; Rām.2.91.72.

2) An earthen cooking vessel; आविष्कुर्वन्त्यखिलवचनेष्वत्र कुम्भी- पुलाकन्यायाज्ज्योतिर्नयगतिविदां निश्चलं मानभावम् (āviṣkurvantyakhilavacaneṣvatra kumbhī- pulākanyāyājjyotirnayagatividāṃ niścalaṃ mānabhāvam) Viś. Guṇa.534.

3) A measure of grain.

4) Name of several plants. like इभपाटला, वारिपर्णी, लघुदन्ती, जेपाळ, कायफळ (ibhapāṭalā, vāriparṇī, laghudantī, jepāḷa, kāyaphaḷa) &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kumbhī (कुम्भी):—[from kumbha] a f. a small jar or pot, earthen cooking vessel, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a hell, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

3) [v.s. ...] of a plant, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a small tree (the seeds of which are used in medicine, commonly Kaṭphala), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Bignonia suaveolens, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Pistia Stratiotes, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] another plant (commonly Romaśa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] the plant Croton polyandrum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] the plant Myrica sapida, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Kumbhi (कुम्भि):—[from kumbha] (in [compound] for bhin q.v.)

11) Kumbhī (कुम्भी):—[from kumbha] b (f. of bha q.v.)

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kumbhī (कुम्भी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kuṃbhī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kumbhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Kuṃbhi (कुंभि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kumbhin.

2) Kuṃbhī (कुंभी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kumbhī.

3) Kuṃbhī (कुंभी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kūṣmāṇḍī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuṃbhi (ಕುಂಭಿ):—

1) [noun] a thickset, usu. extremely large nearly hairless herbivorous mammal, Elephas maximus which has a snout elongated into a muscular trunk and two incisors in the upper jaw developed especially in the male into large ivory tusks; an elephant.

2) [noun] (myth.) one of the hells.

--- OR ---

Kuṃbhi (ಕುಂಭಿ):—

1) [noun] the tree Myristica malbarica of Myristicaceae family; false nutmeg tree.

2) [noun] an earthen pot.

3) [noun] a vessel for storing grains.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Kumbhī (कुम्भी):—n. 1. an elephant; 2. an alligator; 3. Bot. wild guava; Patna oak;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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