Kakamaci, Kākamācī, Kaka-maci: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Kakamaci means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kakamachi.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Kākamācī (काकमाची) refers to “black night shade”, according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. The Kākamācī (black night shade) foodstuff is mutually incompatible (viruddhāhāra) with “kaṇoṣaṇābhyāṃ madhunā guḍena vā” (‘mixture of long pepper and black pepper, honey or jaggery’).

Regarding “forbidden combinations” (saṃyogaviruddha), the text says that the plant of black night shade (kākamācī) is harmful when it has been cooked in a vessel wherein the fish was cooked or dry ginger processed earlier; and the same that was cooked in a vessel made of bell-metal and kept for a night is also injurious to health.

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kākamācī (काकमाची) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Solanum nigrum Linn. (or ‘black nightshade’) from the Solanaceae or “nightshades” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.133-135 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Kākamācī is commonly known in Hindi as Makoya; in Bengali as Gudockāmāī; in Marathi as Kāmonī; in Gujarati as Piludī; in Telugu as Kamānchī; and in Tamil as Munattakkālī.

Kākamācī is mentioned as having seventeen synonyms: Dhvāṅkṣamācī, Vāyasāhvā, Vāyasī, Sarvatiktā, Bahuphalā, Kaṭphalā, Rasāyanī, Gucchaphalā, Kākamātā, Svādupākā, Sundarī, Varā, Candrāviṇī, Matsyākṣī, Kuṣṭhanāśanī, Tiktikā and Bahutiktā.

Properties and characteristics: “Kākamācī possesses pungent and bitter rasa and hot potency. It quells kapha and is indicated in colics, piles, oedema, leprosy and allied skin diseases and pruritis”.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kākamācī (काकमाची) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Solanum nigrum Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kākamācī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Kākamācī (काकमाची) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment (cikitsā) of rat poison (ākhu-viṣa), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Kāśyapa has recommended a slew of generic formulae that successfully neutralise rat poison.—According to Kāśyapasaṃhitā (verse 11.86): “A kalka or paste made of Kākādani with its juice or Kākamācī or both, with their oils. effectively combat poison. The oils of Kapittha and Śaṅkhapuṣpa or both mixed with ghee, Kākādanī and Kākamāci will be equally effective”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kākamācī (काकमाची) is a Sanskrit word referring to Solanum nigrum (black nightshade), from the Solanaceae family. Certain plant parts of Kākamācī are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. It is also known as Kākamācika.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kakamaci in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Solanum americanum Mill. from the Solanaceae (Potato) family having the following synonyms: Solanum nigrum var. americanum, Solanum nodiflorum, Solanum umbelliferum. For the possible medicinal usage of kakamaci, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kākamācī (काकमाची).—a kind of tree (Mar. kāvaḷī)

Kākamācī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāka and mācī (माची). See also (synonyms): kākacikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kākamācī (काकमाची).—f. (-cī) An esculent vegetable, commonly Gurkamai, (Solanum Indicum.) E. kāka, mac to respect, &c. aṇ and ṅīṣ affixes; also with kan and ṭāp added, kākamācikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kākamācī (काकमाची):—[=kāka-mācī] [from kāka] f. idem, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kākamācī (काकमाची):—[kāka-mācī] (cī) 3. f. Idem.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kakamaci in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kākamāci (ಕಾಕಮಾಚಿ):—[noun] '- ಕಾಕಮಂಚಿ - [kakamamci -] 1 & 2.'

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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