Kathillaka, Kaṭhillaka: 8 definitions


Kathillaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Kathillaka in Ayurveda glossary

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kaṭhillaka (कठिल्लक) is another name for Punarnavā, a medicinal plant identified with Trianthema portulacastrum Linn. or “desert horsepurslane” from the Aizoaceae or “fig-marigold” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.115-116 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Kaṭhillaka and Punarnavā, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kaṭhillaka (केम्बूक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Boerhavia diffusa (spreading hogweed), from the Nyctaginaceae family. Certain plant parts of Kaṭhillaka are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Kathillaka in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kathillaka in India is the name of a plant defined with Boerhavia diffusa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Boerhavia coccinea Mill. var. leiocarpa Standl. (among others).

2) Kathillaka is also identified with Trianthema portulacastrum It has the synonym Portulacastrum monogynum Medik., nom. inval. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Philosophische Botanik (Medikus) (1789)
· Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany (2006)
· The Gardeners Dictionary (1768)
· Observationum Botanicarum (Jacquin) (1771)
· Actes de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle de Paris (1792)
· Flora of Australia (1984)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kathillaka, for example extract dosage, diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kathillaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṭhillaka (कठिल्लक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A plant: see the preceding. 2. A name of Tulasi or holy basil. 3. Hogweed. E. kan added to the preceding: see kaṭilla and kaṭillaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaṭhillaka (कठिल्लक):—[from kaṭh] m. Momordica Charantia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Ocimum Sanctum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. kaṭhiñjara)

3) [v.s. ...] Boerhavia Diffusa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṭhillaka (कठिल्लक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Idem; basil.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kathillaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kathillaka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kaṭhillaka (ಕಠಿಲ್ಲಕ):—

1) [noun] the vine Momordica charantia of Cucurbitaceae family and its bitter gourd.

2) [noun] the vine Cucumis colocynthis and its fruit.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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