Shonaka, Sonaka, Śoṇaka: 7 definitions



Shonaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śoṇaka can be transliterated into English as Sonaka or Shonaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śoṇaka (शोणक).—In the Cyavana āśrama of Gayā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 74.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sonaka: Son of a chaplain of Rajagaha. He afterwards became a Pacceka Buddha. See the Sonaka Jataka.

2. Sonaka Thera: He was the son of a leader of a caravan of Kasi, and once, when he was fifteen, he went with his parents to Rajagaha and then into the Veluvana vihara. He had with him fifty five companions. He saw Dasaka Thera, and, very pleased with him, he entered the Order, after starving for three meals, until his parents gave their consent. He soon became an arahant and leader of one thousand monks. Later, as Sonaka sat in a trance, he was seen by Siggava and Candavaggi, who spoke to him. But he would not answer, and when they heard his explanation, they entered the Order under him. Mhv.v.104, 114ff.; Dpv.iv.39f.; v.79f.; Sp.i.32, 235; Vin.v.2.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sōnakā (सोनका).—m Properly sōṇḍakā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śoṇaka (शोणक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A plant, (Bignonia Indica.) E. kan added to the preceding.

--- OR ---

Śoṇāka (शोणाक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A tree, (Bignonia Indica.) E. śoṇa red, ak to go or be, aff. ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śoṇaka (शोणक):—[from śoṇ] m. Bignonia Indica, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) Śoṇāka (शोणाक):—[from śoṇ] m. idem, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śoṇaka (शोणक):—m. = śyonāka [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 38.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 4, 16.]

--- OR ---

Śoṇāka (शोणाक):—m. = śyonāka [Ratnamālā 4.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 54, 23.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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