Marga, aka: Mārga, Mārgā; 9 Definition(s)
Marga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmaśāstra (religious law)
Mārga (मार्ग) refers to “road”. Medhatīthi names three different types of roads (Manubhāṣya v. 7.185):
- those passing through the open country,
- those passing through marshy ground,
- and those passing through forests.
The term is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
1) Mārga (मार्ग).—Highways and byways; diśāmārga, grāmamārga, rājapatha, sākharathyas, gṛharathyas, uparathyas, ghaṇṭāpatha, grahāntaram, vṛttimārga and prāgvaṃśa with their respective measurements. Avaskaram and Parīvāham are other dispositions of open spaces.1
1. dik—20 dhanus in breadth.
2. Grāma 20 dhanus in breadth.
3. Sīma 10 dhanus in breadth.
4. Rājapatha 10 dhanus in breadth.
5. Śākhāratyas or streets 4 dhanus.
6. Rathyoparathyas 3 dhanus.
7. Upārathya rathas 2 dhanus.
8. Janghāpatha 4 feet
9. Gṛhāntaram (lanes) 3 feet.
10. Dhṛtimārga 6 feet and more.
11. Avaskāraparīvāra 1 ft. all round.
2) Mārgā (मार्गा).—A Brahmavādin.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 33. 19.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
1) Mārga (मार्ग, “indication”) refers to ‘clear indication of the course of action’ one intends to follow. Mārga represents one of the thirteen garbhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Garbhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the development part (garbha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).
(Description of Mārga): Speaking out one’s real intention (lit. reality) is called Indication (mārga).
2) Mārga (मार्ग) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.
3) Mārga (मार्ग) refers to a set of four rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “the four mārgas relating to the strokes of the (covered) musical instruments are Aḍḍitā, Ālipta, Vitasta and Gomukha”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Mārga (मार्ग, “path”) according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“there are two types of path (mārga): that of the Śrāvakas (lesser vehicle) and that of the Bodhisattvas (greater vehicle). The four assemblies, bhikṣu, bhikṣuṇī, upāsaka, upāsīkā, form the path of the Śrāvakas; the bodhisattva-mahāsattvas form the path of the Bodhisattvas”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Mārga (मार्ग, “path”) refers to the last of the “four noble truths” (caturāryasatya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 21). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., mārga). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Mārga or Mārgayajñāna refers to the “knowledge of path” and represents one of the “ten knowledges” (jñāna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 93).(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
India history and geogprahy
Marga is a term designating ‘road’, used in the inscriptions of Andhra Pradesh.—These two appellations (marga and patha) are synonymous, standing for trade-communication routes or village roads. Understands pathaka as a term similar to a pargana of later days. Divisions with these appellations occur very rarely in Andhra Pradesh. Ane-marga was a division of the Kalyana Chalukyas and Ongeru-marga-vishaya was that of the Eastern Chalukyas. The Mayidavolu plates of the Pallava king Sivaskandavarman refer to Andhra-patha which might mean not an administrative unit, but the entire Andhra region ruled by the Pallavas. In Madhya Pradesh under the Vakatakas and the Sarabhapuriyas there were a large number of marga divisions.(Source): Shodhganga: A study of place names of Nalgonda district
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
mārga (मार्ग).—m (S) A road, path, way. 2 A religious order or persuasion. 3 fig. A manner, method, mode: also a fashion, custom, usage, practice. 4 A road unto or way of obtaining mōkṣa or svarga or some lōka or heaven or some future blessing. Three ways are enumerated:--karmamārga, upāsanā- mārga, jñānamārga. To these some add three others:--siddhāntamārga, yōgamārga, vairāgyamārga. mārga dharaṇēṃ To set out: to get on one's way. 2 To beset or infest the road; to sit waylaying. mārga phuṭaṇēṃ in. con. To find a way or an opening. Ex. khuṇṭalī samīrācī gati|| mārga na phuṭē cālāvayā||. mārga maḷaṇēṃ g. of o. To go to the village-boundary, and there, in fulfilment of some vow made to some divinity or idol, present offerings to it. This is done ordinarily in the name of dēvī, saṭhavī, kāḷikāī or kāḷēśvarī, jarīmarī (forms of dēvī), mhasōbā, and suchlike. 2 To journey to some country garden or grove, there to dine and make merry; to take a pic-nic-jaunt. mārgīṃ lāgaṇēṃ To get on the road (of one's proposed journey); to set out. 2 To be dying. 3 To get into the way (of doing or of understanding how to do): also to be entered upon or be begun--a work or matter.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
mārga (मार्ग).—m A road Fig. A manner; a custom. A religious order. mārga dharaṇēṃ Set out. Sit way-laying. mārga phuṭaṇēṃ Find a way or an opening. mārgī lāgaṇēṃ Set out. Get into the way. Be dying.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Search found 129 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Mārgaśīrṣa (मार्गशीर्ष).—m., [mārgaśīrṣaḥ] Name of the ninth month of the Hindu year (correspon...
Jalamārga (जलमार्ग).—a drain, canal. Derivable forms: jalamārgaḥ (जलमार्गः).Jalamārga is a Sans...
Mārgastha (मार्गस्थ).—a. travelling; wayfaring; अनुगन्तुं सतां वर्त्म कृत्स्नं यदि न शक्यते । स...
Mūtramārga (मूत्रमार्ग).—the urethra. Derivable forms: mūtramārgaḥ (मूत्रमार्गः).Mūtramārga is ...
Devamārga (देवमार्ग).—the air or sky. Derivable forms: devamārgaḥ (देवमार्गः).Devamārga is a Sa...
ubhā-mārga (उभा-मार्ग) [-rastā, -रस्ता].—m A highway; the whole road. Fig. A fair procedure.
nivṛttimārga (निवृत्तिमार्ग).—m Retired and contemplative life.
pravṛttimārga (प्रवृत्तिमार्ग).—m (S) Active or worldly life; occupancy about the business and ...
Mārgajñāna (मार्गज्ञान) or simply Mārga refers to the “knowledge of path” and represents the fo...
mārga traya (मार्ग त्रय).—n (S) The three roads or paths. See under mārga.
Mārgāgata (मार्गागत).—a traveller. Derivable forms: mārgāgataḥ (मार्गागतः).Mārgāgata is a Sansk...
nāgamōḍī mārga-rastā-vāṭa (नागमोडी मार्ग-रस्ता-वाट).—-&c. A serpentine or zigzag road.
akṣuṇṇa-mārga (अक्षुण्ण-मार्ग).—m An unbeaten road. A little-studied branch of knowledge.
Āryāṣṭāṅgikamārga (आर्याष्टाङ्गिकमार्ग) or Āryāṣṭāṅgamārga refers to the “noble eightfold path”...
Mārgāyāta (मार्गायात).—a traveller. Derivable forms: mārgāyātaḥ (मार्गायातः).Mārgāyāta is a San...
Search found 41 books and stories containing Marga, Mārga or Mārgā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 5 - Concept of bhakti < [Chapter XXXI - The Philosophy of Vallabha]
Part 9 - Works of Vallabha and his Disciples < [Chapter XXXI - The Philosophy of Vallabha]
Part 7 - Viṭṭhala’s Interpretation of Vallabha’s Ideas < [Chapter XXXI - The Philosophy of Vallabha]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.2.269 < [Part 2 - Devotional Service in Practice (sādhana-bhakti)]
Verse 1.2.193 < [Part 2 - Devotional Service in Practice (sādhana-bhakti)]
Verse 1.2.309 < [Part 2 - Devotional Service in Practice (sādhana-bhakti)]
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
- Was this explanation helpful? Leave a comment:
Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.