Surana, Suraṇa, Shurana, Śūraṇa: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Surana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śūraṇa can be transliterated into English as Surana or Shurana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Suran.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Surana [ಸೂರಣ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson from the Araceae (Arum) family having the following synonyms: Amorphophallus campanulatus. For the possible medicinal usage of surana, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Sūraṇa (सूरण) refers to Amorphophallus campanulatus and is the ingredient of the Sūraṇavaṭaka dish, as described in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Siddhānna-prakaraṇa describes the recipes and properties of different dishes. We can categorize the dishes into eight types based on their main ingredients. They are [viz., black-gram dishes, etc.] and miscellaneous dishes. Black-gram dishes are [...] different types of vaṭakas [like sūraṇa-vaṭaka].

Sūraṇa or “elephant foot yam” is mentioned as being beneficial (hita) to the body according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala in the dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana, which contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. Here In the patraśāka (leafy vegetables) group Sūraṇa (elephant foot yam) is mentioned as beneficial to the body (hita).

Sūraṇa or “elephant foot yam” is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., fruits of sūraṇa (elephant foot yam)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., guḍa (jaggery)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Sūraṇa (सूरण) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Amorphophallus paeoniifolius” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning sūraṇa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Suraṇa (सुरण) [?] (in Chinese: Sou-lo-na) is the name of an ancient kingdom associated with Svāti or Svātinakṣatra, as mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Svāti] with a group of kingdoms [e.g., Suraṇa] for the sake of protection and prosperity.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Surana in India is the name of a plant defined with Amorphophallus paeoniifolius in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Arum decurrens Blanco (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Hortus Bengalensis (1814)
· Taxon (1983)
· Kew Bulletin (1985)
· Reinwardtia (1974)
· Schlüssel Hortus indicus malabaricus (1818)
· Research Bulletin (1970)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Surana, for example health benefits, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, extract dosage, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

suraṇa (सुरण).—m (sūraṇa S) An esculent root, Arum campanulatum. Rox., or Dioscorea purpurea, or Elephant's foot-yam.

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sūraṇa (सूरण).—m (S) An esculent root, Arum campanulatum or Dioscorea purpurea.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

suraṇa (सुरण).—m An esculent root.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śūraṇa (शूरण).—[śūr-lyu] A kind of esculent root (Mar. suraṇa).

Derivable forms: śūraṇaḥ (शूरणः).

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Sūraṇa (सूरण).—Name of an esculent root.

Derivable forms: sūraṇaḥ (सूरणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śūraṇa (शूरण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. An esculent root, (Arum campanulatum, Rox.) “ola. 2. A plant, (Bignonia Indica.) E. śūrī to hurt, (some diseases,) aff. yuc; or śūr-lyu .

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Sūraṇa (सूरण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) An esculent root, (Arum campanulatum.) E. sūr to hurt, aff. lyuṭ; also śūraṇa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūraṇa (सूरण).—m. An esculent root.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śūraṇa (शूरण).—[adjective] impetuous, fiery (horse).

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Suraṇa (सुरण).—[adjective] gay, merry; [neuter] joy, pleasure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śūraṇa (शूरण):—[from sūr] mfn. high-spirited, fiery (said of horses), [Ṛg-veda i, 163, 10] (= vikrama-śīla, [Sāyaṇa])

2) [v.s. ...] m. (also written sūraṇa) Amorphophallus Campanulatus (the Telinga potato), [Harṣacarita; Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] Bignonia Indica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Suraṇa (सुरण):—[=su-raṇa] [from su > su-yaj] mf(ā)n. joyous, gay, [Ṛg-veda]

5) Suraṇā (सुरणा):—[=su-raṇā] [from su-raṇa > su > su-yaj] f. Name of a river, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) Suraṇa (सुरण):—[=su-raṇa] [from su > su-yaj] n. joy, delight, [Ṛg-veda]

7) Sūraṇa (सूरण):—[from sūr] n. (also written śūr) Amorphophallus Campanulatus (cf. sūra-kanda), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śūraṇa (शूरण):—(ṇaḥ) 1. m. An esculent root; a plant, Bignonia.

2) Sūraṇa (सूरण):—(ṇaḥ) 1. m. An esculent root.

[Sanskrit to German]

Surana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sūrana (सूरन) [Also spelled suran]:—(nm) elephant’s foot; an edible root/tuber.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Sūraṇa (सूरण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Sṛraṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śūraṇa (ಶೂರಣ):—

1) [noun] the plant Amorphophallus campanulatum ( = Arum campanulatum) of Araceae family.

2) [noun] its edible, starchy, tuberous root; elephant yam.

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Sūraṇa (ಸೂರಣ):—

1) [noun] the yam plant Amorphophallus campanulatum ( = Arum campanulatum) of Araceae family.

2) [noun] its edible, starchy, tuberous root.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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