by J. L. Shastri | 1951 | 265,005 words | ISBN-10: 812080340X | ISBN-13: 9788120803404
This page describes The glory of Shakti (parvati-vivaha) which is chapter 103 of the English translation of the Linga Purana, traditionally authored by Vyasa in roughly 11,000 Sanskrit verses. It deals with Shaiva pilosophy, the Linga (symbol of Shiva), Cosmology, Yugas, Manvantaras, Creation theories, mythology, Astronomy, Yoga, Geography, Sacred pilgrimage guides (i.e., Tirthas) and Ethics. The Lingapurana is an important text in Shaivism but also contains stories on Vishnu and Brahma.
4-11. The following persons went to the place of marriage:—Aditi, Diti, Danu, Kadru, Sukālikā, Pulomā, Suramā, Siṃhikā, Vinatā, Siddhi, Māyā, Kriyā, Durgā, Sudhā herself, Svadhā, Sāvitrī the mother of Devas, Rajanī, Dakṣiṇā, Dyuti, Svāhā, Svadhā, Mati, Buddhi, Ṛddhi, Vṛddhi, Sarasvatī, Rākā, Kuhū, Sinīvālī, Anumati, Dharani, Dhāraṇī, Īlā, Śacī, Nārāyaṇī, and other mothers and wives of Devas—all of them went there joyously saying “O this is Śaṅkara’s marriage.” Nāgas, Garuḍas, Yakṣas, Gandharvas, Kinnaras, Gaṇas, oceans, mountains, clouds, months, years, Vedas, Mantras, Yajñas, Kriyās, Hūṃkāra, Praṇava, thousands of Pratihāras (jugglers, porters), the crores of Apsarases, the divine damsels and their female attendants—all these went to the place of marriage. The rivers in the continents and the worlds of Devas assumed the forms of women and proceeded there with delighted minds.
12. The highly blessed leaders of the Gaṇas bowed to by all the worlds went there joyously saying, “O this is Śaṅkara’s marriage.”
15- 16. The leading Gaṇa, Jvālākeśa came with twelve crores, the glorious Samada with seven crores; Dundubha with eight crores; Kapālīśa with five crores; Sandāraka with six crores; Kaṇḍaka and Kumbhaka with several crores of followers.
24. Devas came with hundreds and thousands of crores of followers.
28-31. Tālaketu, Ṣaḍāsya, Pañcāsya, Sanātana, Saṃvartaka, Caitra, Lakulīśa, Svayaṃprabhu, Lokāntaka, Dīptāsya, lord Daityāntaka, Mṛtyuhṛt, Kālahā, Kāla, Mṛtyuñjayakara, Viṣāda, Viṣada, Vidyuta, lord Kāntaka, the glorious lord Bhṛṅgīriṭi who was a favourite of the lord of Devas, Aśani, Bhāsaka and Sahasrapād came with sixty-four crores. These and other leaders of the Gaṇas were innumerable and very powerful.
34. The leading Gaṇas who usually roamed about in the nether regions, those who stayed in all the worlds and those who resembled crores of suns, came there.
36. The sages and ascetics delighted in their minds and repeated holy mantras pertaining to the marriage and other divine songs.
37-38. Thus, when people from all places had assembled, Viṣṇu himself led the daughter of the lord of the mountains into that city. She was fully bedecked and had smiles on her face. Then Brahmā spoke to Viṣṇu, Nārāyaṇa the lord of Devas, in that assembly.
41. The lord has come here for the proper functioning of the rites laid down in the Vedas and the Smṛti texts as well as for the sake of marriage rites. Hence, the goddess is the mother of the worlds. The lord is my creator as well as yours.
43-45. Still, at the instance of the lord of the mountains as well as at my instance this unborn Prakṛti of white, black and red colour should be given to Śiva. You too are the Prakṛti. The alliance with the king of the mountains is conducive to your welfare as well as mine. In the Padma Kalpa, I was born of your umbilical lotus. Hence, you are my father and an ancestor to this mountain who is a part of mine.
Thereupon, Viṣṇu, the lord of Devas said to Brahmā—“So be it.”
46-47. Then Devas, sages and Śaṅkara the lord of Devas as well as scholars stood up. The lord Viṣṇu, the learned Padmanābha bowed to them and washed the feet of the lord with his own hands. He sprinkled the water thereof on his own head as well as those of Brahmā and the lord of mountain Himavān.
48-51. “This daughter of Menā and my younger sister now belongs to you by matrimonial rite.” Saying thus, he dedicated the goddess to the lord of Devas along with water. Viṣṇu too offered himself to the lord along with water. Then the excellent sages who were masters of the Vedic texts said:—“On consideration, it is indeed this lord Siva who is the giver, the receiver of the material offered and the benefit thereof. Of course, through his Māyā has emanated the universe from him.” Saying this they bowed down, to him. The hair on their skins stood on end due to pleasure. The heaven-walkers—Siddhas and Cāraṇas—showered flowers on him.
52. The divine drums were sounded. The Apsarases danced. The Vedas assumed physical forms and bowed down to the great lord.
53-54. Along with Brahma and the sages they bowed down to the lord of Umā and of Devas. The lord glanced at the bashful daughter of the snow-clad mountain. He was never satiated. She too of splendid and unblemished body was not satiated on seeing the bull-bannered lord. He spoke to Viṣṇu—“I am the bestower of boons.” He too then spoke to Śaṅkara.
55-57. “Devotion to you. Be pleased.” He then gave him (Hari) the title Brahmā as well as instructions in Brahman (Eternal truth). Thereupon, Brahma again spoke to the lord:—“I now offer Havis to the holy fire, officiating as a priest at the sacrifice. If you give me permission, I shall proceed with the rituals, as yet not performed, but which are still to be observed. Śaṅkara, the lord of Devas, the lord of the universe said to the lord “O excellent Deva, do as you please, whatever you like.
58-64. O Brahmā, O lord of Devas, I shall act according to your instructions.”
Thereupon, Brahmā the grandfather of the world, became delighted in his mind. He bowed to the lord, and joined the hand of the goddess to the hand of the lord. The fire-god himself was present there with palms joined in reverence. Brahmā performed the Homa duly chanting Mantras taken from the Vedic texts. The mantras had assumed physical forms and were present there. He offered the fried rice in the due order. After worshipping the brahmins brought by Viṣṇu he blessed them with different boons. He then made the lord circumambulate the holy fire thrice. In the presence of Devas and men the joined hands were separated joyously. Lord Brahmā then bowed to the husband of Umā, the lord of Devas. He offered Pādya, Ācamanīya, Madhuparka and a cow to the couple. Again, Lord Brahmā bowed down to Śiva and stood aside along with Devas headed by Indra.
66. Siva concluded the sacred Vedic rites, and imposed the fire on to the Atman. He was thus united with her for the welfare of the worlds.
67-69. He who reads or listens to this nuptial of Rudra, or he who smilingly narrates this to brahmins who have mastered the Vedas and the Vedāṅgas, attains the chieftancy of the Gaṇas and rejoices with Śiva. Wherever this narrative is repeated and glorified by the brahmins, the lord occupies that place as long as the story continues. Hence, O brahmins, O excellent brahmins, in the course of the celebration of the marriage of leading brahmins and Kṣatriyas, the lord should be duly glorified after the worship and not otherwise. Thus excellent detailed account of the marriage of Śiva-Umā should be glorified.
73-74. The lord who bore the crescent moon on his forehead recounted the greatness of the holy centre:—“O goddess of Devas, the greatness of Avimukta cannot be recounted by me in detail. This holy centre is honoured by the sages. O fair lady, how shall I tell you in detail, the merits of Avimukta?
75-81. Sinners who die here shall be liberated even in their very birth. A man dispels at Vārāṇasī the sins he has committed elsewhere. The sins committed at Vārāṇasī turn the sinner into a Piśāca and they lead him to hell. It is better for men to court Piśāca-hood after committing thousands of sins at Vārāṇasī than to attain the position of Indra a thousand times in heaven without the pleasure of being in the city of Kāśī. No living animal is reborn if it dies in this place where the lord Viśveśvara, the lord of Oṃkāra, the lord clad in elephant’s hides, is ever present. After recounting the glory of the holy centre briefly the moon-crested lord dismissed the leaders of Gaṇas and pointed out a garden to the goddess. It was here that lord Vināyaka, the deity with the face of an elephant, was born, for creating obstacles in the way of Daityas and for dispelling the same in the way of heaven-dwellers. Thus, the entire essence of the story has been narrated to you. It is a splendid story and I have narrated just as it had been heard by me by the grace of Vyāsa.
Footnotes and references:
Brahmākhya [Brahmākhyam]—the title of Brahmā was bestowed upon Viṣṇu. Thus, Viṣṇu is sometimes designated as Brahma Cf.—[ata eva brahmatvena viṣṇorviṣṇupurāṇādau varṇanaṃ saṅgatam]—st.
triḥ pṛadakṣiṇā—circumambulating the sacrificial fire thrice, from left to right so that the right side is turned towards the fire. But in the Hindu nuptial rites, as observed now-a-days, the bride and bridegroom circumambulate the fire, seven times.
paiśācya—according to Śivatoṣiṇī. this hell is in preference to the rebirth.—[vārāṇasyāṃ kṛtam pāpam paiśācanarakāvaham, na tu punarjanmaprāpakam]—Śivatoṣiṇī.