Raka, Rākā: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Raka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Rākā (राका).—The presiding Devī of the full moon. She too was present at the birth of Subrahmaṇya. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 14).

Rākādevī was the daughter of Aṅgiras, who had by his wife Smṛti four daughters called Sinīvālī, Kuhū, Rākā and Anumati. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa. Part 1, Chapter 1).

2) Rākā (राका).—A Rākṣasa girl. She served, at the instance of Kubera, Maharṣi Viśravas, and a son called Khara and a daughter, Śūrpaṇakhā, were born to her by the maharṣi. (Vana Parva, Chapter 275, Verse 3).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Rākā (राका).—A daughter of Angiras and Smrtī; wife of Dhātri, and mother of Prātas;1 a Śakti.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 34; VI. 18. 3; Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 15; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 7.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 32. 12.

1b) A river in Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 10.

1c) (Ekā?)—the full moon shining resplendent and much pleasing to the eye;1 a day fit for giving gifts;2 ety. of.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 18; 28. 38, 46 and 60; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 201; 56. 35, 41 and 55.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 80.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 56. 41.

1d) Two lavas of the afternoon of Pratipada.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 133. 36; 141. 33, 41, 51.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Rākā (राका) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.12) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Rākā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Rākā (राका) refers to one of the four daughters of Aṅgiras and Smṛti: one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa and Prasūti, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Ākūti was married to Ruci and Prasūti to Dakṣa. Dakṣa produced in Prasūti twenty-four daughters. [...] [Smṛti was given to Aṅgiras.] Smṛti and Aṅgiras had four daughters—Sinivalī, Kuhū, Rākā and Anumati.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of raka in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Rākā (राका) refers to the “full moon on the first day of the lunar phase”.—Purastād may mean before the second day, on which the real sacrifice takes place, and the commentator mentions purastāt-paurṇamāsī as a name of the caturdaśī-yuktā, i.e. the full moon beginning on the fourteenth day. The same kind of full moon is also called Anumati, Pūrvā-paurṇamāsī, and Sandhyā-paurṇamāsī, while that which takes place on the pratipad, the first day of the lunar phase, is called Rākā, Uttarā-paurṇamāsī, Astamitoditā, and Śvaḥpūritā.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Discover the meaning of raka in the context of Dharmashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Raka (रक).—

1) The sun-stone.

2) Crystal.

3) A hard shower.

Derivable forms: rakaḥ (रकः).

--- OR ---

Rākā (राका).—[rā-ka tasya netvam Uṇ.3.4]

1) The full-moon day, particularly the night; दारिद्र्यं भजते कलानिधिरयं राका- धुना म्लायति (dāridryaṃ bhajate kalānidhirayaṃ rākā- dhunā mlāyati) Bv.2.72,94,165,175;3.11; राकायामकलङ्कं चेदमृतांशोर्भवेद्वपुः (rākāyāmakalaṅkaṃ cedamṛtāṃśorbhavedvapuḥ) K. P.

2) The goddess presiding over the full-moon day.

3) A girl in whom menstruation has just commenced.

4) Itch, scab.

5) Name of the mother of खर (khara) and शूर्पणखा (śūrpaṇakhā).

6) Name of a river; L. D. B.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raka (रक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The sum gem. 2. Crystal. 3. A hard shower. E. rak to get, ac aff.

--- OR ---

Rākā (राका).—f.

(-kā) 1. Full-moon, or the day of full-moon. 2. A girl in whom menstruation has commenced. 3. Scab, itch. 4. The name of a river. E. to give, (good fortune,) ka Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rākā (राका).—f. 1. Full moon, or the day of full moon, Sah. D. p. 323, 19. 2. A girl in whom menstruation has commenced. 3. Itch. 4. The name of a river.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rākā (राका).—[feminine] the goddess or the day of full moon; [Name] of a Rākṣasī & a river.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raka (रक):—[from rak] m. the sun gem

2) [v.s. ...] crystal

3) [v.s. ...] a hard shower, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) Rākā (राका):—[from rās] f. ([Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 40]) the goddess presiding over the actual day of full moon (or regarded as the Full Moon’s consort; Anumati is supposed to preside over the previous day), [Jyotiṣa] (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 158])

5) [v.s. ...] the day of full moon, full moon, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Aṅgiras and Smṛti, [Purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Aṅgiras and Śraddhā, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Dhātṛ and mother of Prātṛ, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasī (the mother of Khara and Śūrpa-ṇakhā), [Mahābhārata]

10) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Su-mālin, [Rāmāyaṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] itch, scab, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] a girl in whom menstruation has begun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Rāka (राक):—m. a quiver, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) wealth, money, ibidem

16) the sun, ibidem

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raka (रक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. The sun-gem; crystal; a hard shower.

2) Rākā (राका):—(kā) 1. f. Full moon or the day of full moon; a girl arrived at puberty; itch, scab; a river.

[Sanskrit to German]

Raka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of raka in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rākā (राका):—(nf) the night of the full moon; ~[pati] the moon.

context information

...

Discover the meaning of raka in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: