Caitra, aka: Caitrā; 9 Definition(s)
Caitra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chaitra.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Caitra (चैत्र) is the name of a leader of Gaṇas (Gaṇapa or Gaṇeśvara or Gaṇādhipa) who came to Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.20. Accordingly, after Śiva decided to become the friend of Kubera:—“[...] thinking thus, Rudra, desirous of carrying out the wish of Śiva (the supreme Brahman) sounded his drum that gave out the divine Nāda. Its resonant, reverberating sound pervaded the three worlds (trailokya) heightening enthusiasm and called upon everyone in diverse ways. On hearing that, [...] the leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there. [...] Kāṣṭhāgūḍha, Sukeśa and Vṛṣabha each with sixty-four crores. Caitra, Nakulīśa and Svayamprabhu each with seven crores. [...]”.
These [viz., Caitra] and other leaders of Gaṇas [viz., Gaṇapas] were all powerful (mahābala) and innumerable (asaṃkhyāta). [...] The Gaṇa chiefs and other noble souls of spotless splendour eagerly reached there desirous of seeing Śiva. Reaching the spot they saw Śiva, bowed to and eulogised him.Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
1a) Caitra (चैत्र).—One of the nine sons of Svārociṣa-Manu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 19; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 12.
1b) A Paulastya and a sage of the Tāmasa Manvantara.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 48.
2) Caitrā (चैत्रा).—The wife of Jyāmagha; gave birth to Vidarbha.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 32 and 36.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Caitra (चैत्र).—The spring season starts in the month of Caitra. In the Āśvalāyana-śrautasūtra it is mentioned that a Brāhmaṇa can establish the sacred fires on the Parva day in the spring seasonSource: Shodhganga: A Study of the asvalayana srauta sutra with reference to the principal sacrifices
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Caitra (चैत्र).—The name of the first month of the year. Note: Caitra is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Caitra (चैत्र) is the first month of the “spring season” (vasanta) in the traditional Indian calendar, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The physician (bhiṣaj) should pay attention to the seasonal (ṛtu) factor in the use of medicinal drugs. Accordingly, “the bulbous roots in winter season (viz., Caitra), other roots in cold season and flowers during spring season are supposed to contain better properties. The new leaves or shoots in summer and the drugs, which grow in mud, like Lotus etc., should be used in autumn season”.Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Languages of India and abroad
caitra (चैत्र).—m (S) The name of the first month, March-April.
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caitrā (चैत्रा).—a Relating to the month caitra.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
caitra (चैत्र).—m The name of the first month, March-April.
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caitrā (चैत्रा).—a Relating to caitra.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Caitra (चैत्र).—[ci ṣṭraṇ; citrameva svārthe aṇ; citrāyāṃ bhavaḥ aṇ vā]
1) Name of a lunar month in which the full moon stands in the constellation Chitrā (corresponding to MarchApril).
2) A Buddhist mendicant.
3) One of the seven ranges of mountains dividing the continent into Varṣas.
-tram A temple, monument for the dead.
Derivable forms: caitraḥ (चैत्रः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-traḥ) 1. The month Chaitra or Cheyte, (March-April.) 2. One of the ranges of mountains dividing the continent into portions or Varshas: see varṣa. 3. A Baud'dha or Jaina religious mendicant. 4. The son Budha by Chitra. n.
(-traṃ) 1. A monument erected to the dead, a column or block of wood, a tree, &c. so considered. 2. 2. A small temple. E. citrā the star, or citra wonderfull, &c. affix aṇ, or ci-ṣṭran .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Caitra-pavitraka.—(EI 7, 18), name of a rite (Ind. Ant., Vol. XXXVIII, p. 52); caitra is the da...
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Caitraṣaṣṭhī (चैत्रषष्ठी) is the name of a festival that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmī...
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Search found 33 books and stories containing Caitra, Caitrā; (plurals include: Caitras, Caitrās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 1162 < [Chapter 16 - Examination of the Import of Words]
Verse 661-663 < [Chapter 11 - On ‘Quality’ as a Category]
Verse 1602-1606 < [Chapter 19c - (C) On presumption (arthāpatti)]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 7.182 < [Section XIII - War]
Verse 3.278 < [Section XXII - Time for Śrāddha]
Verse 2.31 < [Section X - The ‘Naming Ceremony’ (nāmadheya)]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 46 - Pāpamocanī Ekādaśī < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 47 - Kāmadā Ekādaśī < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 29 - The vow (vrata) called Saubhāgyaśayana < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
The Nilamata Purana (by Dr. Ved Kumari)
Sankhayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)