Hotri, aka: Hotṛ, Hotrī; 7 Definition(s)


Hotri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Hotṛ can be transliterated into English as Hotr or Hotri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Hotṛ (होतृ).—A Pārāvata god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 39. 15.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Hotṛ (होतृ) is the name of one of the oldest and most important priests of the Vedic ritual. The word must be derived from hu, ‘sacrifice’, as was held by Aurṇavābha; this indicates a time when the Hotṛ was at once sacrificer (the later Adhvaryu) and singer. But the functions were already clearly divided in the Rigveda, where the Hotṛ’s chief duty was the recitation of the Śastras. He was also in the older period often the Purohita of the king, an office later filled by the Brahman priest.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

The hotṛ was the reciter of invocations and litanies. These could consist of single verses (ṛca), strophes (triples called tṛca or pairs called pragātha), or entire hymns (sukta), drawn from the ṛgveda. As each phase of the ritual required an invocation, the hotṛ had a leading or presiding role.

The older references uniformly indicate the hotṛ as the presiding priest, with perhaps only the adhvaryu as his assistant in the earliest times. The phrase "seven hotars" is found more than once in the Rgveda. RV 2.1.2 enumerates them as the hotṛ, potṛ, neṣṭṛ, agnīdh, prashāstṛ (meaning the maitrāvaruna), adhvaryu and brahman (meaning the brāhmanācchamsin).

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

hotṛ (Hotar); The name of the chief priest at the Vedic śrauta sacrifice; his main responsibility is to recite the appropriate verses (mantras) from the Ṛg Veda. The term is also used generically to refer to any officiating priest who offers an oblation (homa).

Source: Oxford Index: Hinduism

India history and geogprahy

Hotṛ.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘three’. Note: hotṛ is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hotṛ (होतृ).—a. (-trī f.) [हु-तृच् (hu-tṛc)] Sacrificing, offering oblations with fire; बहति विधिहुतं या हविर्या च होत्री (bahati vidhihutaṃ yā haviryā ca hotrī) Ś.1.1. -m.

1) A sacrificial priest, especially one who recites the prayers of the Ṛigveda at a sacrifice; जनकस्य वैदेहस्य होताश्वलो बभूव (janakasya vaidehasya hotāśvalo babhūva).

2) A sacrificer; इति वादिन एवास्य होतुराहुतिसाधनम् (iti vādina evāsya hoturāhutisādhanam) R. 1.82; Ms.11.36.

3) An epithet of Agni.

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Hotrī (होत्री).—The offerer of oblations, one of the eight forms of Śiva; या हविर्या च होत्री (yā haviryā ca hotrī) Ś.1.1.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hotṛ (होतृ).—m.

(-tā) 1. A priest who at a sacrifice recites the prayers of the Rig-Veda; one conversant with the Veda. 2. A sacrificer. f. (-trī) Adj. Sacrificing, offering oblation into fire. E. hu to sacrifice, Unadi aff. tṛc .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 26 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Agnihotṛ (अग्निहोतृ).—Ved. sacrificing to Agni, having Agni for a priest; Rv.1.66.8. Agnihotṛ i...
Hotṛkarman (होतृकर्मन्).—a. the function of the होतृ (hotṛ). Hotṛkarman is a Sanskrit compound ...
Hotṛpravara (होतृप्रवर).—the election of a होतृ (hotṛ). Derivable forms: hotṛpravaraḥ (होतृप्रव...
Dvihotṛ (द्विहोतृ).—m. an epithet of Agni.Dvihotṛ is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the term...
Kaṇvahotṛ (कण्वहोतृ).—a. one whose priest is a Kaṇva; प्र सक्षणो दिव्यः कण्वहोता (pra sakṣaṇo d...
Agni (अग्नि).—m. (-gniḥ) 1. Fire, always associated with the idea of the deity presiding over i...
Viśvāmitra (विश्वामित्र).—m. (-traḥ) A Muni, the son of Gad'Hi, originally of the military orde...
Hotraka (होत्रक).—An assistant of the Hotṛ.Derivable forms: hotrakaḥ (होत्रकः).See also (synony...
Stotra (स्तोत्र) [Ārya or Drāviḍa] refers to “chanting veda/ devāram” and represents one of the...
Hiraṇyakaśipu (हिरण्यकशिपु) is the incarnation of the Asura Kālanemi , who was later born as Ka...
Acchāvāka (अच्छावाक).—[acchaṃ nirmalaṃ accha ābhimukhyena vā vakti śaṃsati; vac kartari saṃjñāy...
Adhvaryu (अध्वर्यु).—[adhvaramadhīte Nir.; adhvara-kyac-yuc tato'ntyākāralopaḥ Tv.]1) Any offic...
Aṣṭamūrti (अष्टमूर्ति).—Earth, Water, Air, Fire, Ether, Hotā, Sun and Moon.
Arvāvasu (अर्वावसु).—An ancient Ascetic who had been a luminary in the Durbar hall of King Yudh...
Āśvalāyana-śrautasūtra is the oldest and the most authentic Śrautasūtra of the Vedic sacrificia...

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