Mena, aka: Menā; 6 Definition(s)


Mena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


1) Menā (मेना).—Wife of Himavān. Beautiful Menā was the daughter of Mahāmeru.

Himavān lord of the mountains and the seat of many minerals and fossils had two daughters of unparallelled beauty and their mother was the lovely Menā, daughter of Mahāmeru and wife of Himavān. (Sarga 35, Bāla Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).

Rāmāyaṇa states that Menā had two daughters of extraordinary beauty named Gaṅgā and Umā. They were both married by Śiva.

But Vāmana Purāṇa in chapter 51 states that Menā had three beautiful daughters and a son named Sunābha. Menā’s first daughter was Rāgiṇī with red body and eyes and wearing a red dress. Her second daughter named Kuṭilā was white in colour, had lotus eyes, and wore white dress. The third was a girl of enchanting beauty named Kālī. She was blue-black in colour with eyes like the blue lotus leaf.

It can be surmised that the Umā of Rāmāyaṇa and Kālī were one and the same person by the following verse in the Amarakośa.

"umā kātyāyanī gaurī kālī haimavatīśvarī //"

When the statements of the two Purāṇas are taken together Menā should have had four daughters, Gaṅgā, Rāgiṇī, Kuṭilā and Kālī and a son named Sunābha.

2) Menā (मेना).—Daughter of the Pitṛs (Manes). Pitṛs are of two kinds: Anagnis and Sāgnis. Anagnis are those who do not perform yāgas and those who perform yāgas are called Sāgnis. Anagnis are called Agniṣvāttas and Sāgnis are called Barhiṣadas. Svadhā was the common wife of all the Pitṛs. Svadhā got two daughters, Menā and Dhāriṇī. They were both very welllearned, virtuous girls and were Brahmavādinīs (expounders of Vedānta philosophy). (Chapter 10, Aṃśa 1, Viṣṇu Purāṇa).

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Mena (मेन).—The father of Menakā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 52.

2a) Menā (मेना).—A Pitṛkanyā; mind-born daughter of Agniṣvātta Pitṛs; queen of Himavān; had two sons Maināka and Krauñca (son of Maināka, Vāyu-purāṇa) and three daughters, Umā, (Ekapāṭalā, Vāyu-purāṇa) Ekaparṇā and Aparṇā who married respectively Rudra, Asita and Jaigīṣavya (Devara, Vāyu-purāṇa); the second took to the nyagrodha and pāṭala trees; the first performed tapas for thousands of years, whom the mother said “So-mā”, and hence Umā; on the eve of her giving birth to Umā, the goddess of Night entered her eyes; persuaded by the seven sages Menā and Himavān gave Umā in marriage to Śiva; and their son was the warrior God;1 spoke to Umā of her poverty-stricken husband, Maheśvara living in their house after marriage.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 7. 58; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 9. 2; 10. 6-20; Matsya-purāṇa 13. 7; 154. 86-93, 413; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 28-9, 31-2; 71. 3; 92. 31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 8. 14; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 30 ff. 77.
  • 2) Ib. III. 67. 34.

2b) A daughter of Svadhā and Pitṛs. A Brahmavādinī.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 19.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

mēṇa (मेण).—n Wax. 2 fig. Softly and nicely boiled rice, split pulse &c. mēṇa kāḍhaṇēṃ g. of o. To beat soundly. mēṇa svastha hōṇēṃ g. of s. To get fat and sleek. mēṇa hōṇēṃ To soften down into gentleness or mildness.

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mēṇa (मेण).—n (Or myāna from P) A scabbard. ēkā mēṇānta dōna suṛyā (samāvaṇēṃ-rāhaṇēṃ &c.) Phrase implying the impossibility of great potentates, warriors, scholars, or other great ones, or of conflicting dispositions or geniuses, dwelling together in peace and concord. Ex. tukayācī pratiṣṭhā vāḍhatāṃ tēthēṃ || tyācē manīṃ dvēṣa upajata || mhaṇē ēkā mēṇānta dōna suṛyā niścitta || samāvati kaiśā parī ||. 2 Used also to intimate the necessary ill performance or management of a business in the hands of two persons.

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mēṇā (मेणा).—m ( P) A palanquin. This is the proper term. See pālakhī.

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mēṇā (मेणा) [or ण्या, ṇyā].—a (mēṇa) Smeared with a composition of wax, dregs of oil or ghee, ashes of burnt rags and cowdung &c. Used of ṭōpalēṃ, sūpa, pāṇṭī, harā &c.

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mēnā (मेना).—m (Or mēṇā from P) A palanquin.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mēṇa (मेण).—n Wax. A scabbard. mēṇa kāḍhaṇēṃ Beat soundly. ēkā mēṇyānta dōna suṛyā A phrase implying the impossibility of great geniuses dwelling together in con- cord.

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mēṇā (मेणा).—m A palanquin.

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mēnā (मेना).—m A palanquin.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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