Mati, Matī, Māṭi, Māti: 23 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Mati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Mati (मति, “devotion, prayer, resolution”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ मत्यै नमः
oṃ matyai namaḥ.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Mati (मति, “assurance”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Mati (मति, “assurance”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as thinking about the meaning of many Śāstras and considering the pros and cons of things. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as instructing pupils, ascertainment of [any] meaning, removal of doubt and the like.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mati (मति).—A daughter of Dakṣaprajāpati. She became the wife of Dharmarāja. (Śloka 15, Chapter 66, Ādi Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Mati (मति).—A Yāma deva;1 addressed as, by Brahmā.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 92; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 6.
  • 2) Ib. 23. 8.

1b) An Ābhūtaraya god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 55; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 48.

1c) A Bhavya god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 72.

1d) Bhagavān so-called because the Kṣetrajña has a knowledge of kṣetra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 77.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Mati (मति) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.14) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mati) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Mati (मति) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Mati).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Mati (मति, “design”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., mati). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Mati (मति) or Matijñāna refers to “sense-knowledge” and represents one of the five types of “right-knowledge” (samyagjñāna), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism. Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:—“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. Among these, exact knowledge which comes from a summary or detailed study of the principles, jīva, etc., is called ‘right-knowledge’ (samyagjñāna). [...] Mati-jñāna is said to be divided into avagraha, etc., and these again into bahu, etc., and originates by means of the senses, and by means of the mind”.

There are 4 sub-divisions of mati, ‘sense-knowledge’:

  1. avagraha is perception of something by the senses;
  2. ihā (or ūhā) is the desire to know more about it;
  3. avāya, finding out the fact in the case;
  4. dharana, remembered knowledge leading to recognition.

Note: The ‘bahu, etc.’ refers to 12 sub-divisions of each of these 4 classes: much, manifold, quick, not indicated, untaught, firm, and the opposites of these.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Mati (मति, “mind-based”) refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna) , according to Tattvārthasūtra 1.9—What is meant by mind-based knowledge (mati)? Knowledge acquired through the sensory organs and the mind and caused by the subsidence cum destruction of mind-based-knowledge-obscuring (matijnānāvarṇa) karma is called mind-based knowledge. It is also called sensory knowledge

What is the meaning of mati (sensory cognition)? It is the synonym of intellect implying knowledge acquired through sense organs and mind. What is the function of mati? The function of mati is the cognition with the aid of mind and sense organs through the stages of apprehension /sensation (avagraha), speculation /discrimination (īhā), perceptual judgment (avāya) and retention (dhāraṇā).

There are four divisions /stages of mind based knowledge (mati) namely out-linear-grasp /apprehension /sensation (avagraha), speculation /discrimination (īhā), perceptual judgment (avāya) and retention (dhāraṇā).

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Mati (मति) or Abhinibodhika in Sanskrit (Abhiṇibohiya in Prakrit) refers to “perception or insight” and represents one of the five types of knowledge, as explained in the Nandīsūtra.—The heart of the Nandī-sūtra deals with the concept of cognition or knowledge in its various divisions and subdivisions. This is also an appropriate topic for a text that transcends all categories in the Śvetāmbara canon, for it can be regarded as a prerequisite to the scriptures. First comes the list of the five types of knowledge [viz., mati, “perception or insight”], known from other sources as well, such as the Tattvārtha-sūtra I. 9-33

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mati : (f.) wisdom; idea.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mati, (f.) (Vedic mati, fr. man: cp. Av. maitiš, Lat. mens, mentem (cp. E. mental); Goth. ga-munds, gaminpi, Ohg. gi-munt, E. mind) mind, opinion, thought; thinking of, hankering after, love or wish for Vin. III, 138 (purisa° thought of a man); Mhvs 3, 42 (padīpa lamp of knowledge); 15, 214 (amala° pure-minded); PvA. 151 (kāma+).—su° (adj.) wise, clever Mhvs 15, 214; opp. du° (adj.) foolish J. III, 83 (=duppañña C.); Pv. I, 82 (=nippañña PvA. 40); Sdhp. 292. (Page 517)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mati (मति).—f (S) Understanding, intellect, mind.

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mātī (माती).—f (mṛtikā S) Earth. 2 Used freely to express utter destruction, utter worthlessness, insignificancy &c. Ex. pōrānēṃ saṃsārācī mātī karūna ṭākalī. 3 A term for the body (esp. as dead.) mātīāḍa karaṇēṃ-ghālaṇēṃ-ṭhēvaṇēṃ-ṭākaṇēṃ To put under the earth, lit. fig., to bury, shroud, cover up. mātīcyā mōlānēṃ vikaṇēṃ or dēṇēṃ To sell dirt-cheap mātī ṭākaṇēṃ -ghālaṇēṃ-lōṭaṇēṃ To throw earth over; to cast a mantle over (a dispute, offence &c.) mātī dēṇēṃ To inter (a corpse).

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matī (मती).—m f n) A Sanskrit affix to nouns ending otherwise than in a or ā, or in a consonant of which the inherent short vowel is dropped; forming them into attributives. Ex. buddhimān, śaktimān. This affix therefore supplies the deficient power of the affix vān q. v. Note. This affix, although its forms in gender are given above, is, in Maraṭhi, seldom declined.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mati (मति).—f Intellect, mind, understanding.

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mātī (माती).—f The earth. Utter destruction. mātīcyā mōlānēṃ vikaṇēṃ-dēṇēṃ Sell dirt-cheap. mātī dēṇēṃ Inter (a corpse).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mati (मति).—f. [man bhāve ktin]

1) Intellect, understanding, sense, knowledge, judgment; मतिरेव बलाद्गरीयसी (matireva balādgarīyasī) H.2.86; अल्पविषया मतिः (alpaviṣayā matiḥ) R.1.2.

2) Mind, heart; मम तु मतिर्न मनागपैतु धर्मात् (mama tu matirna manāgapaitu dharmāt) Bv.4.26; so दुर्मति, सुमति (durmati, sumati).

3) Thought idea, belief, opinion, notion, supposition, impression, view; ध्रुवा नीतिर्मतिर्मम (dhruvā nītirmatirmama) Bg.18.78; विधिरहो बलवानिति मे मतिः (vidhiraho balavāniti me matiḥ) Bh.2.98; Pt.2.19.

4) Intention, design, purpose; see मत्या (matyā).

5) Resolution, determination.

6) Esteem, regard, respect; बहुमतिमधिकां ययावशोकः (bahumatimadhikāṃ yayāvaśokaḥ) Ki.1.9.

7) Wish, desire, inclination; तस्य तासु मतिं ज्ञात्वा धर्मात्मा वाक्य- मब्रवीत् (tasya tāsu matiṃ jñātvā dharmātmā vākya- mabravīt) Rām.7.25.17; प्रायोपवेशनमतिर्नृपतिर्बभूव (prāyopaveśanamatirnṛpatirbabhūva) R.8.94.

8) Counsel, advice.

9) Remembrance, recollection.

10) Ved. Devotion, prayer.

11) An adviser.

12) = प्राणः (prāṇaḥ) q. v.; केन विज्ञानयोगेन मतिश्चित्तं समास्थिता (kena vijñānayogena matiścittaṃ samāsthitā) Mb.14.21. 11 (com.).

13) Activity or disposition of the mind; न मतेर्मन्तारं मन्वीथाः (na matermantāraṃ manvīthāḥ) Bṛ. Up.3.4.2.

14) Blessing. (matiṃ kṛ, -dhā, -ādhā 'to set the heart on', 'resolve upon', 'think of'. matyā is used adverbially in the sense of

1) knowingly, intentionally, wilfully; matyā bhuktvācaret kṛcchram Ms.4.222;5.19.

2) under the impression that; vyāghramatyā palāyante).

Derivable forms: matiḥ (मतिः).

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Māṭi (माटि).—An armour, mail.

Derivable forms: māṭiḥ (माटिः).

See also (synonyms): māṭhī.

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Māti (माति).—f.

1) Measure.

2) A thought, idea, conception.

3) Accurate knowledge or determination.

Derivable forms: mātiḥ (मातिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mati (मति).—(1) name of a prince, son of the Buddha Candra-sūryapradīpa: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 19.2; (2) name of a brahman youth, pre- vious incarnation of Dharmaruci; corresponds to Megha- datta of Mahāvastu, Megha of Pali, as associate of the previous incarnation of Śākyamuni (here called Sumati) under Dīpaṃkara: Divyāvadāna 247.2 ff.; (3) name of a prince, previous incarnation of Śākyamuni (is this the same as Sumati of Divyāvadāna?): Samādhirājasūtra p. 52 lines 21 (here text satī, read mati) and 30; (4) name of a teacher (a Buddha?) in the kṛta yuga: Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 365.3; also called Mahāmati (5); in 365.7 apparently a different Mati (a Buddha, nāyakaḥ) is named, a later one, tho still in the kṛta yuga (Suzuki's translation(s) is wrong on this).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mati (मति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Understanding, intellect. 2. Wish, desire, inclination. 3. Memory, recollection. 4. Respect, reverence. 5. A potherb. E. man to respect, &c. aff. ktin .

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Māti (माति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Measure. 2. Conception, idea.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mati (मति).—i. e. man + ti, f. 1. Mind, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 76. 2. Understanding, [Pañcatantra] 251, 6; intelligence, [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 42. 3. Thought, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 258; resolution, [Pañcatantra] 216, 14. 4. Hymn, Chr. 292, 2 = [Rigveda.] i. 86, 2. 5. Perception, Bhāṣāp. 126. 6. Opinion, Chr. 13, 13. 7. Advice. 8. Wish. 9. Recollection. 10. Respect. 11. A potherb.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mati (मति).—[feminine] devotion, prayer, worship, hymn or song of praise; thought, purpose, mind, intention to ([locative], [dative], or infin.); thought, meditation, opinion, belief; understanding, intelligence. matyā on purpose or at discretion.

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Mati (मति).—[feminine] devotion, prayer, worship, hymn or song of praise; thought, purpose, mind, intention to ([locative], [dative], or infin.); thought, meditation, opinion, belief; understanding, intelligence. matyā on purpose or at discretion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mati (मति):—a etc. See p. 783, col. 2.

2) [from man] b f. (in, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] also mati) devotion, prayer, worship, hymn, sacred utterance, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] thought, design, intention, resolution, determination, inclination, wish, desire (with [locative case] [dative case] or [infinitive mood]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (matyā ind. wittingly, knowingly, purposely; matiṃkṛ or dhā or dhṛ or ā-√dhā or samā-√dhā or ā-√sthā or sam-ā-√sthā, with [locative case] [dative case] [accusative] with prati, or artham ifc., to set the heart on, make up one’s mind, resolve, determine; matim with [Causal] of ni-√vṛt and [ablative] of a verbal noun, to give up the idea of; āhita-mati ifc. -having resolved upon; vinivṛtta-mati with [ablative] = having desisted from)

4) [v.s. ...] opinion, notion, idea, belief, conviction, view, creed, [???; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (matyā ind. at will; ifc., ‘under the idea of’ e.g. vyāghra-m, ‘under the idea of its being a tiger’)

5) [v.s. ...] the mind, perception, understanding, intelligence, sense, judgement, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. (in, [Ṛg-veda] also ‘that which is sensible’, intelligent, mindful, applied to Aditi, Indra and Agni)

6) [v.s. ...] esteem, respect, regard, [Kirātārjunīya]

7) [v.s. ...] memory, remembrance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Opinion personified (and identified with Subalātmajā as one of the mothers of the five sons of Pāṇḍu, or regarded as a daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Soma, or as the wife of Viveka), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Prabodha-candrodaya]

9) [v.s. ...] a kind of vegetable or pot-herb, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a king, [Buddhist literature]

11) [v.s. ...] cf. [Latin] mens; [Anglo-Saxon] ge-mynd; [English] mind.

12) Māti (माति):—[from ] a f. measure, accurate knowledge, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] a [particular] part of the body, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Māṭi (माटि):—f. armour, mail, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) Mātī (माती):—[from māta] f. in vān mātī, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] (mātyā, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]; cf. [Pāṇini 4-1, 85], [vArttika] 1, [Patañjali])

16) Māti (माति):—b mātu See p. 804, col. 2.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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