Mati, aka: Matī, Māṭi, Māti; 15 Definition(s)


Mati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Mati (मति, “devotion, prayer, resolution”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ मत्यै नमः
oṃ matyai namaḥ.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Mati (मति, “assurance”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Mati (मति, “assurance”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as thinking about the meaning of many Śāstras and considering the pros and cons of things. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as instructing pupils, ascertainment of [any] meaning, removal of doubt and the like.

Source: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Mati (मति).—A daughter of Dakṣaprajāpati. She became the wife of Dharmarāja. (Śloka 15, Chapter 66, Ādi Parva).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Mati (मति).—A Yāma deva;1 addressed as, by Brahmā.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 92; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 6.
  • 2) Ib. 23. 8.

1b) An Ābhūtaraya god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 55; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 48.

1c) A Bhavya god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 72.

1d) Bhagavān so-called because the Kṣetrajña has a knowledge of kṣetra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 77.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mati (मति) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.14) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mati) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Mati (मति, “design”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., mati). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Mati (मति, “mind-based”) refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna) , according to Tattvārthasūtra 1.9—What is meant by mind-based knowledge (mati)? Knowledge acquired through the sensory organs and the mind and caused by the subsidence cum destruction of mind-based-knowledge-obscuring (matijnānāvarṇa) karma is called mind-based knowledge. It is also called sensory knowledge

What is the meaning of mati (sensory cognition)? It is the synonym of intellect implying knowledge acquired through sense organs and mind. What is the function of mati? The function of mati is the cognition with the aid of mind and sense organs through the stages of apprehension /sensation (avagraha), speculation /discrimination (īhā), perceptual judgment (avāya) and retention (dhāraṇā).

There are four divisions /stages of mind based knowledge (mati) namely out-linear-grasp /apprehension /sensation (avagraha), speculation /discrimination (īhā), perceptual judgment (avāya) and retention (dhāraṇā).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

mati : (f.) wisdom; idea.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Mati, (f.) (Vedic mati, fr. man: cp. Av. maitiš, Lat. mens, mentem (cp. E. mental); Goth. ga-munds, gaminpi, Ohg. gi-munt, E. mind) mind, opinion, thought; thinking of, hankering after, love or wish for Vin. III, 138 (purisa° thought of a man); Mhvs 3, 42 (padīpa lamp of knowledge); 15, 214 (amala° pure-minded); PvA. 151 (kāma+).—su° (adj.) wise, clever Mhvs 15, 214; opp. du° (adj.) foolish J. III, 83 (=duppañña C.); Pv. I, 82 (=nippañña PvA. 40); Sdhp. 292. (Page 517)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

mati (मति).—f (S) Understanding, intellect, mind.

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mātī (माती).—f (mṛtikā S) Earth. 2 Used freely to express utter destruction, utter worthlessness, insignificancy &c. Ex. pōrānēṃ saṃsārācī mātī karūna ṭākalī. 3 A term for the body (esp. as dead.) mātīāḍa karaṇēṃ-ghālaṇēṃ-ṭhēvaṇēṃ-ṭākaṇēṃ To put under the earth, lit. fig., to bury, shroud, cover up. mātīcyā mōlānēṃ vikaṇēṃ or dēṇēṃ To sell dirt-cheap mātī ṭākaṇēṃ -ghālaṇēṃ-lōṭaṇēṃ To throw earth over; to cast a mantle over (a dispute, offence &c.) mātī dēṇēṃ To inter (a corpse).

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matī (मती).—m f n) A Sanskrit affix to nouns ending otherwise than in a or ā, or in a consonant of which the inherent short vowel is dropped; forming them into attributives. Ex. buddhimān, śaktimān. This affix therefore supplies the deficient power of the affix vān q. v. Note. This affix, although its forms in gender are given above, is, in Maraṭhi, seldom declined.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mati (मति).—f Intellect, mind, understanding.

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mātī (माती).—f The earth. Utter destruction. mātīcyā mōlānēṃ vikaṇēṃ-dēṇēṃ Sell dirt-cheap. mātī dēṇēṃ Inter (a corpse).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mati (मति).—f. [man bhāve ktin]

1) Intellect, understanding, sense, knowledge, judgment; मतिरेव बलाद्गरीयसी (matireva balādgarīyasī) H.2.86; अल्पविषया मतिः (alpaviṣayā matiḥ) R.1.2.

2) Mind, heart; मम तु मतिर्न मनागपैतु धर्मात् (mama tu matirna manāgapaitu dharmāt) Bv.4.26; so दुर्मति, सुमति (durmati, sumati).

3) Thought idea, belief, opinion, notion, supposition, impression, view; ध्रुवा नीतिर्मतिर्मम (dhruvā nītirmatirmama) Bg.18.78; विधिरहो बलवानिति मे मतिः (vidhiraho balavāniti me matiḥ) Bh.2.98; Pt.2.19.

4) Intention, design, purpose; see मत्या (matyā).

5) Resolution, determination.

6) Esteem, regard, respect; बहुमतिमधिकां ययावशोकः (bahumatimadhikāṃ yayāvaśokaḥ) Ki.1.9.

7) Wish, desire, inclination; तस्य तासु मतिं ज्ञात्वा धर्मात्मा वाक्य- मब्रवीत् (tasya tāsu matiṃ jñātvā dharmātmā vākya- mabravīt) Rām.7.25.17; प्रायोपवेशनमतिर्नृपतिर्बभूव (prāyopaveśanamatirnṛpatirbabhūva) R.8.94.

8) Counsel, advice.

9) Remembrance, recollection.

10) Ved. Devotion, prayer.

11) An adviser.

12) = प्राणः (prāṇaḥ) q. v.; केन विज्ञानयोगेन मतिश्चित्तं समास्थिता (kena vijñānayogena matiścittaṃ samāsthitā) Mb.14.21. 11 (com.).

13) Activity or disposition of the mind; न मतेर्मन्तारं मन्वीथाः (na matermantāraṃ manvīthāḥ) Bṛ. Up.3.4.2.

14) Blessing. (matiṃ kṛ, -dhā, -ādhā 'to set the heart on', 'resolve upon', 'think of'. matyā is used adverbially in the sense of

1) knowingly, intentionally, wilfully; matyā bhuktvācaret kṛcchram Ms.4.222;5.19.

2) under the impression that; vyāghramatyā palāyante).

Derivable forms: matiḥ (मतिः).

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Māṭi (माटि).—An armour, mail.

Derivable forms: māṭiḥ (माटिः).

See also (synonyms): māṭhī.

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Māti (माति).—f.

1) Measure.

2) A thought, idea, conception.

3) Accurate knowledge or determination.

Derivable forms: mātiḥ (मातिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mati (मति).—(1) n. of a prince, son of the Buddha Candra-sūryapradīpa: SP 19.2; (2) n. of a brahman youth, pre- vious incarnation of Dharmaruci; corresponds to Megha- datta of Mv, Megha of Pali, as associate of the previous incarnation of Śākyamuni (here called Sumati) under Dīpaṃkara: Divy 247.2 ff.; (3) n. of a prince, previous incarnation of Śākyamuni (is this the same as Sumati of Divy?): Samādh p. 52 lines 21 (here text satī, read mati) and 30; (4) n. of a teacher (a Buddha?) in the kṛta yuga: Laṅk 365.3; also called Mahāmati (5); in 365.7 apparently a different Mati (a Buddha, nāyakaḥ) is named, a later one, tho still in the kṛta yuga (Suzuki's transl. is wrong on this).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 298 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sumati (सुमति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. The fifth Jina or Jaina teacher of the present era. 2. One of the ...
Mahāmati (महामति) is the son of Sumati, minister (mantrin) of king Mahendrāditya from Avanti, a...
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Bahumati (बहुमति).—f. (-tiḥ) Value, estimation, prizing or preferring. E. bahu, and mati mind.
Sthiramati (स्थिरमति).—mfn. (-tiḥ-tiḥ-ti) Steady, firm, deliberate. E. sthira, mati mind.
Durmati (दुर्मति).—a. 1) silly, stupid, foolish, ignorant. 2) wicked, evilminded; न सांपरायिकं ...
Matipura (मतिपुर) is a place name ending in pura mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Matipura ...
Śuddhamati (शुद्धमति).—mfn. (-tiḥ-tiḥ-ti) 1. Of pure or sincere purposes, honest, free from gui...
Mandamati (मन्दमति).—mfn. (-tiḥ-tiḥ-ti) Dull, stupid, slow of apprehension. E. manda, and mati ...
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Matibhrama (मतिभ्रम).—1) delusion, mental illusion, confusion of mind; स्वप्नो नु माया नु मतिभ्...
Akṣayamati (अक्षयमति).—n. of a Bodhisattva: SP 3.8; 438.2 ff.; Mvy 702; RP 2.1; Mmk 311.14; 312...
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Mūḍhamati (मूढमति).—a. foolish, stupid, silly, simple; व्रजन्ति ते मूढधियः पराभवम् (vrajanti te...

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