Vikritanana, Vikṛtānanā, Vikrita-anana, Vikṛtānana: 4 definitions

Introduction:

Vikritanana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Vikṛtānanā and Vikṛtānana can be transliterated into English as Vikrtanana or Vikritanana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vikritanana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vikṛtānana (विकृतानन) is the name of a leader of Gaṇas (Gaṇapa or Gaṇeśvara or Gaṇādhipa) who came to Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.20. Accordingly, after Śiva decided to become the friend of Kubera:—“[...] The leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there. [...] Jālaṅka, the chief leader of Gaṇas, with twelve crores; the glorious Madana and Vikṛtānana with seven crores each. [...]”.

These [viz., Vikṛtānana] and other leaders of Gaṇas [viz., Gaṇapas] were all powerful (mahābala) and innumerable (asaṃkhyāta). [...] The Gaṇa chiefs and other noble souls of spotless splendour eagerly reached there desirous of seeing Śiva. Reaching the spot they saw Śiva, bowed to and eulogised him.

Vikṛtānana participated in Vīrabhadra’s campaign against Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.33. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“O Nārada, listen to the numerical strength of the most important and courageous of those groups. [...] Viśākha with sixty-four crores, Pāriyātraka with nine crores; Sarvāṅkaka and the heroic Vikṛtānana each with six crores. [...] Thus at the bidding of Śiva, the heroic Vīrabhadra went ahead followed by crores and crores, thousands and thousands, hundreds and hundreds of Gaṇas [viz., Vikṛtānana]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vikṛtānanā (विकृतानना).—A śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 56.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vikritanana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Vikṛtānana (विकृतानन) is the name of the guardian of the cremation ground (śmaśāna) Uḍḍāmara which is associated with Pūrṇagiri, one of the sacred seats (pīṭha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Note: The guardian [i.e., Vikṛtānana] of the seat is linked to the cremation ground in each seat. More often in the Kubjikā sources he is not. The Kubjikā cult, which is relatively more domesticated with respect to its forerunners, does not stress the importance of the cremation ground as a place to practice and encounter supernatural beings, as do its most closely related predecessors and fellow cults. This is especially the case in the early phase of its development.

2) Vikṛtānana (विकृतानन) refers to “one who has a deformed face” and is used to visualize Bhairava, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “He has eight faces and, very powerful, shines like a white lotus. He is mightily proud and has sharp teeth and great body. He is terrible and fierce and his face is deformed [i.e., vikṛtānana]. O Śambhu, he has twenty arms and the goddess sits on his lap. He holds a sword, mallet and noose, a double-headed drum, a dagger, the Kaustubha jewel, a rosary, a skull bowl full of fruit and the like and a piece of human flesh. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vikritanana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikṛtānana (विकृतानन):—[=vi-kṛtānana] [from vi-kṛta > vi-kṛ] mfn. = ta-vadana above, [Mahābhārata]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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