Varnana, Varṇana, Varṇanā: 18 definitions


Varnana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Varnan.

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In Hinduism

Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Varṇana (वर्णन) refers to “descriptions” employed in a nahākāvya (‘epic poem’).—Minute and detailed descriptions of things are a peculiarity of Sanskrit works. While giving the characteristics of an epic most of the ācāryas have given the importance to the descriptions. Descriptions (varṇana) in Sanskrit poetry are realistic and idealistic. They are realistic in that they are true to nature. They are idealistic in so far as they do not aim at delineating a thing barely as it actually is, but also as it should be—at something higher and more aesthetic than what we find in our bare experience. No Sanskrit poem fails to maintain such a happy medly [medley?] of these two aspects of things.

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Varṇana (वर्णन) refers to a “description”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.19 (“Kāma’s destruction by Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Śiva thought to himself: “How is it that obstacles have cropped up while I am performing the great penance? Who can be that wicked person who has made my mind highly perturbed? With love I have described in bad taste [i.e., ku-varṇana] another man’s woman. I have contravened rules of virtue and transgressed the bounds of the Vedas”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Varṇana (वर्णन) refers to “praise”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 4).—Accordingly, “[The Buddha] is single-minded (ekacitta), without duality (advaya). In all things, whatever they may be, food and drink (āhāra), robes and clothing (paṭa-vasana), beds and seats (śaya-āsana), praise and blame (varṇana-vijṛmbhā), mistrust and respect (vitaṇḍana-gaurava), the Buddha’s mind remains indifferent. It is like pure gold which, even when burned, melted, beaten or polished, shows no increase or decrease. [On the contrary], the Arhats, although they have broken the bonds (bandhana) and have found the Path, still retain the traces (vāsana) [of the passions]; this is why they cannot be called Bhagavat”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Varṇana.—(Select Inscriptions, p. 202), a written order. Note: varṇana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Tessitori Collection I (history)

Varṇana (वर्णन) is the name of a work dealing with poetry and riddles.—The Varṇana (in Gujarati and Sanskrit) is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—This manuscript of the Varṇana belongs to a specific class of Gujarati works in prose which are devoted to descriptive material or lists on various topics. In Rajasthani literature this is considered as a sub-group of the genre davāvaita. [...] The Varṇana shares many themes with the Vividhavarṇaka manuscript edited in Sandesara 1956: 3-104, and for these common themes they share many identical phrases or compounds. [...]

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

varṇana (वर्णन).—n (S) varṇanā f S Extolling or praising. 2 Describing, depicting, pourtraying; exhibiting by stating the properties or particulars of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

varṇana (वर्णन).—n-f Extolling; describing.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Varṇana (वर्णन) or Varṇanā (वर्णना).—[varṇ-lyuṭ]

1) Painting.

2) Description, delineation, representation; स्वभावोक्तिस्तु डिम्भादेः स्वक्रिया- रूपवर्णनम् (svabhāvoktistu ḍimbhādeḥ svakriyā- rūpavarṇanam) K. P.1.

3) Writing.

4) A statement, an assertion.

5) Praise, commendation. (- only in this sense.)

Derivable forms: varṇanam (वर्णनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varṇana (वर्णन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Describing, expatiating, explaining, pointing out qualities or excellencies, &c. 2. Colouring, painting, writing. f.

(-nā) Praise, panegyric, E. varṇ to colour, yuc and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varṇana (वर्णन).—[varṇ + ana], I. n. 1. Colouring. 2. Describing, description, Chr. 235, 1. 2; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 185, 22; tale, [Pañcatantra] 187, 14. Ii. f. . 1. Describing, description, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 19, 9 (prati-avayava-, A detailed description, limb for limb). 2. Praise, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 81, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varṇana (वर्णन).—[neuter] [feminine] description.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Varṇana (वर्णन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Upadeśasāhasrīvṛtti by Vidyādhāmamuniśiṣya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Varṇana (वर्णन):—[from varṇ] n. the act of painting, colouring etc.

2) [v.s. ...] delineation, description, explanation, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] writing, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] embellishment, decoration, [ib.]

5) Varṇanā (वर्णना):—[from varṇana > varṇ] f. the act of painting, colouring etc.

6) [v.s. ...] delineation, description, explanation, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] writing, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

8) [v.s. ...] embellishment, decoration, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] f. praise, commendation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varṇana (वर्णन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Describing; painting. () f. Praise.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Varṇanā (वर्णना) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vaṇṇaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Varnana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Varnana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Varṇana (वर्णन) [Also spelled varnan]:—(nm) description, narration; commentary; hence [varṇanā] (nf); ~[kartā] a narrator.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Varṇana (ವರ್ಣನ):—

1) [noun] th act or process of painting, colouring.

2) [noun] the act of making lucid or clear; a throwing light upon; explanation; elucidation.

3) [noun] something said, as a saying, proverb, apothegm, statement, etc.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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