Varnana, Varṇana, Varṇanā: 14 definitions



Varnana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Varnan.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Varnana in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Varṇana (वर्णन) refers to “descriptions” employed in a nahākāvya (‘epic poem’).—Minute and detailed descriptions of things are a peculiarity of Sanskrit works. While giving the characteristics of an epic most of the ācāryas have given the importance to the descriptions. Descriptions (varṇana) in Sanskrit poetry are realistic and idealistic. They are realistic in that they are true to nature. They are idealistic in so far as they do not aim at delineating a thing barely as it actually is, but also as it should be—at something higher and more aesthetic than what we find in our bare experience. No Sanskrit poem fails to maintain such a happy medly [medley?] of these two aspects of things.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Varṇana (वर्णन) refers to “praise”, as defined in the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVI.—Accordingly, “Tsan-t’an (Varṇana ‘praise’) – Praising their qualities is tsan; lauding the ceaselessly and exalting them is t’an”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Varṇana.—(Select Inscriptions, p. 202), a written order. Note: varṇana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

varṇana (वर्णन).—n (S) varṇanā f S Extolling or praising. 2 Describing, depicting, pourtraying; exhibiting by stating the properties or particulars of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

varṇana (वर्णन).—n-f Extolling; describing.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Varṇana (वर्णन) or Varṇanā (वर्णना).—[varṇ-lyuṭ]

1) Painting.

2) Description, delineation, representation; स्वभावोक्तिस्तु डिम्भादेः स्वक्रिया- रूपवर्णनम् (svabhāvoktistu ḍimbhādeḥ svakriyā- rūpavarṇanam) K. P.1.

3) Writing.

4) A statement, an assertion.

5) Praise, commendation. (- only in this sense.)

Derivable forms: varṇanam (वर्णनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varṇana (वर्णन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Describing, expatiating, explaining, pointing out qualities or excellencies, &c. 2. Colouring, painting, writing. f.

(-nā) Praise, panegyric, E. varṇ to colour, yuc and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varṇana (वर्णन).—[varṇ + ana], I. n. 1. Colouring. 2. Describing, description, Chr. 235, 1. 2; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 185, 22; tale, [Pañcatantra] 187, 14. Ii. f. . 1. Describing, description, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 19, 9 (prati-avayava-, A detailed description, limb for limb). 2. Praise, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 81, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varṇana (वर्णन).—[neuter] [feminine] description.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Varṇana (वर्णन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Upadeśasāhasrīvṛtti by Vidyādhāmamuniśiṣya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Varṇana (वर्णन):—[from varṇ] n. the act of painting, colouring etc.

2) [v.s. ...] delineation, description, explanation, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] writing, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] embellishment, decoration, [ib.]

5) Varṇanā (वर्णना):—[from varṇana > varṇ] f. the act of painting, colouring etc.

6) [v.s. ...] delineation, description, explanation, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] writing, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

8) [v.s. ...] embellishment, decoration, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] f. praise, commendation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varṇana (वर्णन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Describing; painting. () f. Praise.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Varṇana (वर्णन):—(von varṇay) n. Beschreibung, Schilderung [Halāyudha 1, 150.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 1, 4, 12.] [Suśruta 1, 8, 9. 9, 9.] [Spr. 3232. 5293.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 17, 134. 19, 10. 35, 118. 42, 121. 71, 288. 124, 217.] [Sāhityadarpana 28, 9.] [Daśakumāracarita 70, 2.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 10.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 74, 30.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 9, 11. 11, 8.] [Pañcatantra 187, 14.] Inschr. in [Journ. of the Am. Or. S. 7, 13, Śloka 50.] in den Unterschrr. von [Mahābhārata.2,7.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio.1,36.] [Śiśupālavadha 9.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.3,12.] [Oxforder Handschriften 13,a,10 u.s.w. 78,b,15. fgg. 210,b,1 v. u.] Angabe: anukrama [11. 32.b,39.] varṇanā f. Beschreibung, Schilderung (Lob, Preis [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 269.] [Halāyudha 1, 145]) [Vikramorvaśī 19, 9.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 32, 167. 117, 12.] [Sāhityadarpana 436. 448.] in den Unterschrr. von [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio.1,5. fgg. 2,103. fg.] [Oxforder Handschriften 78,b,14.] Angabe [KUSUM. 5, 1 v. u.] Am Ende eines adj. comp.: svayaṃvaravarṇano nāma ṣaṣṭhaḥ sargaḥ das Kapitel, in dem die Selbstwahl beschrieben wird, [Raghuvaṃśa 6. 9] in den Unterschrr. [ṚTUS.] in den Unterschrr. varṇana [Suśruta 1, 353, 19] fehlerhaft für varṇa, wie eine Berliner Hdschr. liest.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Varnana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Varṇana (वर्णन) [Also spelled varnan]:—(nm) description, narration; commentary; hence [varṇanā] (nf); ~[kartā] a narrator.

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