Kevala; 14 Definition(s)
Kevala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Kevala (केवल):—Son of Nara (son of Sudhṛti). He had a son named Dhundhumān. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2.30)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Kevala (केवल).—A city of ancient India. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 254, Stanzas 10 and 11 that Karṇa conquered this city.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Kevala (केवल).—The son of Nara (Candra, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) and father of Bandhumat.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 30; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 36; 61. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 14; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 42-3.
1b) A deva (Ajita).*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 7.
1c) A pupil of Yājñavalkya.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 29.
1d) The son of Suvṛddhi and father of Sudhṛti.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 38-9.
Kevala (केवल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.28.47, , VI.10.43, V.19.29) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kevala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Kevala (केवल).—Isolated;a term applied to a letter or a word when it is not combined with another letter or another word in a compound; cf. धर्मादनिच् केवलात् । केवलान्न पदसमुदायात् (dharmādanic kevalāt | kevalānna padasamudāyāt) Kāś. on P.V.4.124; (2) simple (word) without an affix added: cf. अर्थवत्ता नोपपद्यते केवलेन अवचनात् । (arthavattā nopapadyate kevalena avacanāt |) P. I. 2.45 Vārt. 7, also कृत्तद्धितान्तं चैवार्थवत् । न केवलाः कृतस्तद्धिता बा (kṛttaddhitāntaṃ caivārthavat | na kevalāḥ kṛtastaddhitā bā) M.Bh.on P.I.4.14.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
General definition (in Jainism)
Kevala (केवल, “omniscience”) refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna) , according to Tattvārthasūtra 1.9-10.—What is meant by omniscience (kevala)? The knowledge which knows /cognizes all (concrete and non-concrete) entities of the past present and future simultaneously is called omniscience.
What is meant by omniscience (kevala)? It is the knowledge which is completely free from all veils of knowledge-obscuring karmas i.e. it is just pure knowledge. Who can acquire omniscience? It can be acquired by human beings only. Who cannot acquire omniscience? It cannot be acquired by the heavenly, infernal and subhuman beings. Who in the human beings can acquire omniscience? Only those human beings who are likely to achieve liberation in that life span can acquire omniscience.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
Kevala (केवल, “omniscience”) refers to one of the eighteen types of extraordinary intellect (buddhi), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).
What is meant by omniscience (kevala-riddhi)? Omniscience knows all concrete and non-concrete objects of all places and times clearly.
Kevala (केवल, “omniscience”) refers to one of the five divisions of Jñānāvaraṇa, or “knowledge obscuring (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8.— What is meant by omniscience obscuring karma (kevala-jñānāvaraṇa)? The karma which obstructs the full manifestation of the omniscience is called omniscience obscuring karma. Kevala is also known as Kevalajñānāvaraṇa or Kevalajñānāvaraṇīya.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
kevala : (adj.) lonely; unmixed; whole; entire.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Kevala, (adj. -adv.) (cp. Lat. caelebs=*caivilo-b° to live by oneself, i.e. to live in celibacy, perhaps also, Goth. hails, Ohg. heil, E. whole) expression of the concept of unity and totality: only, alone; whole, complete; adv. altogether or only — 1. °ṃ (adv.) (a) only=just: k. tvaṃ amhākaṃ vacanaṃ karohi “do all we tell you” PvA. 4;— only=but, with this difference: VvA. 203, 249;— k... . vippalapati he only talks PvA. 93; ‹-› and yet: “sakkā nu kiñci adatvā k. sagge nibbattituṃ? “ is it possible not to give anything, and yet go to heaven? kevalaṃ mano-pasāda-mattena only by purity of mind DhA. I, 33; kevalaṃ vacchake balava-piyacittatāya simply by the strong love towards the babycalf Vism. 313; (b) alone: k. araññaṃ gamissāmi VvA. 260;— exclusive Miln. 247.—na k... . atha kho not only ... but also VvA. 227.—2. whole, entire Sn. p. 108; Cp. I. 1019; Pv. II, 63 (=sakala PvA. 95); Vism. 528 (=asammissa, sakala); Pv. II, 63 (=sakala PvA. 95). ‹-› k. ›akevala entire›deficient M. I, 326. °ṃ entirely, thoroughly, all round: k° obhāsenti VvA. 282.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
kēvala (केवल) [or ळ, ḷa].—a (kēvala S) Pure, mere, simple, unmingled, uncompounded. Ex. hēṃ bhāṇḍēṃ kē0 cāndīcēṃ āhē. 2 Alone, sole, only, one. Ex. kē0 tāndūḷa asalyānēṃ bhōjana hōta nāhīṃ. 3 Used as ad Exactly, precisely, strictly. Ex. kē0 nāhīṃ mhaṇavata nāhīṃ; kē0 hāca asā disata nāhīṃ; kē0 tūñca yāvēṃ nalagē tujhā bhāū ālā tara kāmāsa yēīla. 4 Altogether; in every respect; the very thing; the very same. Ex. hī nagarī kē0 laṅkāca. kēvalanaiyāyika A mere logician. kēvalavaiyākaraṇa A mere grammarian.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kēvala (केवल) [-ḷa, -ळ].—a Pure, simple, unmingled. Alone, sole, only. ad Exactly, precise- ly, strictly. Ex. kēvaḷa nāhīṃ mhaṇavata nāhīṃ.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Kevala (केवल).—a. [kev sevane vṛṣā° kala]
1) Peculiar, exclusive, uncommon; किं तया क्रियते लक्ष्म्या या वधूरिव केवला (kiṃ tayā kriyate lakṣmyā yā vadhūriva kevalā) Pt.2.134.
2) Alone, mere, sole, only, isolated; स हि तस्य न केवलां श्रियं प्रतिपेदे सकलान् गुणानपि (sa hi tasya na kevalāṃ śriyaṃ pratipede sakalān guṇānapi) R.8.5; न केवलानां पयसां प्रसूति- मवेहि मां कामदुघां प्रसन्नाम् (na kevalānāṃ payasāṃ prasūti- mavehi māṃ kāmadughāṃ prasannām) 2.63;15.1; Ku.2.34.
3) Whole, entire, absolute, perfect.
4) Bare, uncovered (as ground); निषेदुषी स्थण्डिल एव केवले (niṣeduṣī sthaṇḍila eva kevale) Ku.5.12.
5) Pure, simple, unmingled, unattended (by anything else); कातर्यं केवला नीतिः (kātaryaṃ kevalā nītiḥ) R.17.47.
6) Selfish, envious.
-lī, -lam 1 The doctrine of absolute unity of spirit and matter.
2) One of the five types of knowledge according to the Jainas; (śrutajñāna, matijñāna, avadhijñāna, manaḥparyayajñāna and kevalajñāna).
-lī Astronomical science.
-lam ind. Only, merely, solely, entirely, absolutely, wholly; केवलमिदमेव पृच्छामि (kevalamidameva pṛcchāmi) K.155; न केवलं--अपि (na kevalaṃ--api) not only-but;. वसु तस्य विभोर्न केवलं गुणवत्तापि परप्रयोजना (vasu tasya vibhorna kevalaṃ guṇavattāpi paraprayojanā) R.8.31; cf. also 3.19;2,31.
2) Silently, quietly; न हि मेऽव्याहृतं कुर्यात्सर्वलोकोऽपि केवलम् (na hi me'vyāhṛtaṃ kuryātsarvaloko'pi kevalam) Mb.12.2.28.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-laḥ-lā or -lī-laṃ) 1. One, alone, only. 2. All, entire, whole. m.
(-laḥ) An envious or selfish man. n. adv.
(-laṃ) 1. Absolutely, certainly. 2. Only, alone. Subst. 3. A species of knowledge, that of the unity of spirit. E. kev to sprinkle, kala aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 35 books and stories containing Kevala, Kēvala; (plurals include: Kevalas, Kēvalas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.5.25 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Verse 2.5.24 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Verse 3.4.37 < [Part 4 - Parenthood (vātsalya-rasa)]
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Chapter I.c - The lives of the Tīrthaṅkaras < [Chapter I - Introduction]
Chapter V.e - Prabhācandra’s view about omniscience (kevala-jñāna) < [Chapter V - Bondage and Liberation]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 8: Ṛṣabha’s kevala < [Chapter III]
Part 15: Ṛṣabha’s congregation < [Chapter VI]
Part 12: Sambhava’s kevala < [Chapter I - Sambhavajinacaritra]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 11 - Veṅkaṭanātha’s treatment of Inference < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Part 4 - The Pramāṇas according to Mādhava Mukunda < [Chapter XXI - The Nimbārka School of Philosophy]
Part 1 - Teachers and Pupils of the Nimbārka School < [Chapter XXI - The Nimbārka School of Philosophy]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 1 - Perception (pratyakṣa) < [Chapter XXVIII - Madhva Logic]
Part 2 - Pramānas (ways of valid knowledge) < [Chapter XXVII - A General Review of the Philosophy of Madhva]
Part 6 - Various Considerations regarding Inference < [Chapter XXVIII - Madhva Logic]