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Kevala, 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kevala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Kevala (केवल).—The son of Nara (Candra, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) and father of Bandhumat.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 30; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 36; 61. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 14; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 42-3.

1b) A deva (Ajita).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 7.

1c) A pupil of Yājñavalkya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 29.

1d) The son of Suvṛddhi and father of Sudhṛti.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 38-9.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Kevala (केवल):—Son of Nara (son of Sudhṛti). He had a son named Dhundhumān. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2.30)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

kevala : (adj.) lonely; unmixed; whole; entire.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kevala, (adj. -adv.) (cp. Lat. caelebs=*caivilo-b° to live by oneself, i.e. to live in celibacy, perhaps also, Goth. hails, Ohg. heil, E. whole) expression of the concept of unity and totality: only, alone; whole, complete; adv. altogether or only — 1. °ṃ (adv.) (a) only=just: k. tvaṃ amhākaṃ vacanaṃ karohi “do all we tell you” PvA. 4;— only=but, with this difference: VvA. 203, 249;— k... . vippalapati he only talks PvA. 93; ‹-› and yet: “sakkā nu kiñci adatvā k. sagge nibbattituṃ? “ is it possible not to give anything, and yet go to heaven? kevalaṃ mano-pasāda-mattena only by purity of mind DhA. I, 33; kevalaṃ vacchake balava-piyacittatāya simply by the strong love towards the babycalf Vism. 313; (b) alone: k. araññaṃ gamissāmi VvA. 260;— exclusive Miln. 247.—na k... . atha kho not only ... but also VvA. 227.—2. whole, entire Sn. p. 108; Cp. I. 1019; Pv. II, 63 (=sakala PvA. 95); Vism. 528 (=asammissa, sakala); Pv. II, 63 (=sakala PvA. 95). ‹-› k. ›akevala entire›deficient M. I, 326. °ṃ entirely, thoroughly, all round: k° obhāsenti VvA. 282.

—kappa a whole kappa Sn. pp. 18, 45, 125; KhA 115; VvA. 124, 255. —paripuṇṇa fulfilled in its entirety (sakala DA. I, 177) of the Doctrine; expld also at Nett 10. (Page 226)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Kevala (केवल, “omniscience”) refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna) , according to Tattvārthasūtra 1.9-10.—What is meant by omniscience (kevala)? The knowledge which knows /cognizes all (concrete and non-concrete) entities of the past present and future simultaneously is called omniscience.

What is meant by omniscience (kevala)? It is the knowledge which is completely free from all veils of knowledge-obscuring karmas i.e. it is just pure knowledge. Who can acquire omniscience? It can be acquired by human beings only. Who cannot acquire omniscience? It cannot be acquired by the heavenly, infernal and subhuman beings. Who in the human beings can acquire omniscience? Only those human beings who are likely to achieve liberation in that life span can acquire omniscience.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Kevala (केवल, “omniscience”) refers to one of the eighteen types of extraordinary intellect (buddhi), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).

What is meant by omniscience (kevala-riddhi)? Omniscience knows all concrete and non-concrete objects of all places and times clearly.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worldsGeneral definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kēvala (केवल) [or ळ, ḷa].—a (kēvala S) Pure, mere, simple, unmingled, uncompounded. Ex. hēṃ bhāṇḍēṃ kē0 cāndīcēṃ āhē. 2 Alone, sole, only, one. Ex. kē0 tāndūḷa asalyānēṃ bhōjana hōta nāhīṃ. 3 Used as ad Exactly, precisely, strictly. Ex. kē0 nāhīṃ mhaṇavata nāhīṃ; kē0 hāca asā disata nāhīṃ; kē0 tūñca yāvēṃ nalagē tujhā bhāū ālā tara kāmāsa yēīla. 4 Altogether; in every respect; the very thing; the very same. Ex. hī nagarī kē0 laṅkāca. kēvalanaiyāyika A mere logician. kēvalavaiyākaraṇa A mere grammarian.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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