Kevala, 8 Definition(s)
Kevala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
1a) Kevala (केवल).—The son of Nara (Candra, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) and father of Bandhumat.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 30; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 36; 61. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 14; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 42-3.
1b) A deva (Ajita).*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 7.
1c) A pupil of Yājñavalkya.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 29.
1d) The son of Suvṛddhi and father of Sudhṛti.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 38-9.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Kevala (केवल):—Son of Nara (son of Sudhṛti). He had a son named Dhundhumān. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2.30)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
kevala : (adj.) lonely; unmixed; whole; entire.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Kevala, (adj. -adv.) (cp. Lat. caelebs=*caivilo-b° to live by oneself, i.e. to live in celibacy, perhaps also, Goth. hails, Ohg. heil, E. whole) expression of the concept of unity and totality: only, alone; whole, complete; adv. altogether or only — 1. °ṃ (adv.) (a) only=just: k. tvaṃ amhākaṃ vacanaṃ karohi “do all we tell you” PvA. 4;— only=but, with this difference: VvA. 203, 249;— k... . vippalapati he only talks PvA. 93; ‹-› and yet: “sakkā nu kiñci adatvā k. sagge nibbattituṃ? “ is it possible not to give anything, and yet go to heaven? kevalaṃ mano-pasāda-mattena only by purity of mind DhA. I, 33; kevalaṃ vacchake balava-piyacittatāya simply by the strong love towards the babycalf Vism. 313; (b) alone: k. araññaṃ gamissāmi VvA. 260;— exclusive Miln. 247.—na k... . atha kho not only ... but also VvA. 227.—2. whole, entire Sn. p. 108; Cp. I. 1019; Pv. II, 63 (=sakala PvA. 95); Vism. 528 (=asammissa, sakala); Pv. II, 63 (=sakala PvA. 95). ‹-› k. ›akevala entire›deficient M. I, 326. °ṃ entirely, thoroughly, all round: k° obhāsenti VvA. 282.
—kappa a whole kappa Sn. pp. 18, 45, 125; KhA 115; VvA. 124, 255. —paripuṇṇa fulfilled in its entirety (sakala DA. I, 177) of the Doctrine; expld also at Nett 10. (Page 226)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
General definition (in Jainism)
Kevala (केवल, “omniscience”) refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna) , according to Tattvārthasūtra 1.9-10.—What is meant by omniscience (kevala)? The knowledge which knows /cognizes all (concrete and non-concrete) entities of the past present and future simultaneously is called omniscience.
What is meant by omniscience (kevala)? It is the knowledge which is completely free from all veils of knowledge-obscuring karmas i.e. it is just pure knowledge. Who can acquire omniscience? It can be acquired by human beings only. Who cannot acquire omniscience? It cannot be acquired by the heavenly, infernal and subhuman beings. Who in the human beings can acquire omniscience? Only those human beings who are likely to achieve liberation in that life span can acquire omniscience.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
Kevala (केवल, “omniscience”) refers to one of the eighteen types of extraordinary intellect (buddhi), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).
What is meant by omniscience (kevala-riddhi)? Omniscience knows all concrete and non-concrete objects of all places and times clearly.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
kēvala (केवल) [or ळ, ḷa].—a (kēvala S) Pure, mere, simple, unmingled, uncompounded. Ex. hēṃ bhāṇḍēṃ kē0 cāndīcēṃ āhē. 2 Alone, sole, only, one. Ex. kē0 tāndūḷa asalyānēṃ bhōjana hōta nāhīṃ. 3 Used as ad Exactly, precisely, strictly. Ex. kē0 nāhīṃ mhaṇavata nāhīṃ; kē0 hāca asā disata nāhīṃ; kē0 tūñca yāvēṃ nalagē tujhā bhāū ālā tara kāmāsa yēīla. 4 Altogether; in every respect; the very thing; the very same. Ex. hī nagarī kē0 laṅkāca. kēvalanaiyāyika A mere logician. kēvalavaiyākaraṇa A mere grammarian.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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Search found books containing Kevala. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.5.25 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Verse 3.4.37 < [Part 4 - Parenthood (vātsalya-rasa)]
Verse 2.5.24 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 8: Ṛṣabha’s kevala < [Chapter III]
Part 15: Ṛṣabha’s congregation < [Chapter VI]
Part 12: Sambhava’s kevala < [Chapter I - Sambhavajinacaritra]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 11 - Veṅkaṭanātha’s treatment of Inference < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Part 4 - The Pramāṇas according to Mādhava Mukunda < [Chapter XXI - The Nimbārka School of Philosophy]
Part 1 - Teachers and Pupils of the Nimbārka School < [Chapter XXI - The Nimbārka School of Philosophy]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 1 - Perception (pratyakṣa) < [Chapter XXVIII - Madhva Logic]
Part 2 - Pramānas (ways of valid knowledge) < [Chapter XXVII - A General Review of the Philosophy of Madhva]
Part 6 - Various Considerations regarding Inference < [Chapter XXVIII - Madhva Logic]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
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