Caturvaktra, aka: Catur-vaktra; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Caturvaktra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturvaktra.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Caturvaktra in Purana glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Caturvaktra (चतुर्वक्त्र).—A name of Brahmā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 9. 23.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Caturvaktra in Katha glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Caturvaktra (चतुर्वक्त्र) is the name of a Gaṇa of Ambikā, who incarnated as Pañcaphuṭṭika, due to a curse by Kapilajaṭa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 52. Accordingly as Ambikā said to Jīvadatta in bodily form: “... you four [eg., Caturvaktra] once went to the sand of the Ganges to amuse yourselves, and saw there a hermit’s daughter bathing. She was called Cāpalekhā, the daughter of Kapilajaṭa. And she was solicited by all of you, distracted with love”.

The story of Caturvaktra was told by Gomukha in order to demonstrate that “divine beings fall by virtue of a curse, and, owing to the consequences of their own wickedness, are incarnate in the world of men, and after reaping the fruit appropriate to their bad conduct they again go to their own home on account of previously acquired merit”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Caturvaktra, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caturvaktra in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Caturvaktra (चतुर्वक्त्र).—an epithet of Brahmā.

Derivable forms: caturvaktraḥ (चतुर्वक्त्रः).

Caturvaktra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and vaktra (वक्त्र).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 201 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vaktra
Vaktra (वक्त्र) or Vaktrāgama refers to one of the upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the K...
Caturashra
Caturasra (चतुरस्र).—mfn. (-sraḥ-srā-sraṃ) Four cornered, quadrangular. n. (-sraṃ) A square. E....
Caturmukha
Caturmukha (Apabhraṃśa Caumuha=nominative Caumuhu), we see that he was one of the greatest Apab...
Pancavaktra
Pañcavaktrā (पञ्चवक्त्रा).—A soldier who fought bravely against the asuras on the side of Subra...
Caturbhuja
1) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) is the father of Rudraṇa and the great-great-grand-father of Kumāramaṇ...
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Caturaṅga.—(EI 2), a complete army. Note: caturaṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glos...
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Gajavaktra
Gajavaktra (गजवक्त्र).—epithets of Gaṇeśa; Bṛ. S.58.58; Ks.1.44. Derivable forms: gajavaktraḥ (...
Catur
Catur (चतुर्).—num. a. [cat-uran Uṇ.5.58] (always in pl.; m. catvāraḥ; f. catasraḥ; n. catvāri)...
Caturdanta
Caturdanta (चतुर्दन्त).—m. (-ntaḥ) Indra'S elephant. E. catur four, and danta a tooth.
Catushpada
1) Catuṣpada (चतुष्पद) refers to “four-footed”, and represents classification of things that ca...
Catushkona
Catuṣkoṇa (चतुष्कोण).—Quadrilateral. Note: Catur-koṇa is a Sanskrit technical term used in anci...
Aparavaktra
Aparavaktrā (अपरवक्त्रा) or Aparavaktra (अपरवक्त्र).—Name of a metre. Derivable forms: , aparav...
Caturvidya
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Caturdisha
Cāturdiśa (चातुर्दिश).—adj. (= Pali cātuddisa; catur-diś plus -a), pertaining to the ‘four dire...

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