Kumuda, aka: Kumudā; 17 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kumuda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Kumuda (कुमुद):—One of the eight guardians of Vaikuṇṭha, according to the Pāñcarātra literature. These eight guardians are part of the celestial entourage of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kumuda in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

1) Kumuda (कुमुद) is another name of Mahāvīti, one of the two sons of Savana, who was the grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Savana was the son of Priyavrata. Kumuda ruled over the region Kaumuda.

2) Kumuda (कुमुद) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Asitoda and mount Vipula, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Vipula mountain lies on the western side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, who was a son of Priyavrata.

3) Kumuda (कुमुद).—One of the seven major mountains in Kuśadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 87. It is also known by the name Vidruma. Kuśadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Vapuṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata.

4) Kumuda (कुमुद).—One of the two mountains in Gomedadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 89. Gomedadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Havya, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata.

Priyavrata is the son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Kumuda (कुमुद).—A prominent serpent. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 35, Verse 15).

2) Kumuda (कुमुद).—A prominent monkey, who was an attendant of Sugrīva. (Vana Parva, Chapter 289, Verse 4).

3) Kumuda (कुमुद).—A great elephant born in the dynasty of Supratīka. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 99, Verse 15).

4) Kumuda (कुमुद).—A son of Garuḍa. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 101, Verse 12).

5) Kumuda (कुमुद).—One of the five attendants given by Brahmā to Skanda. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 39).

6) Kumuda (कुमुद).—A warrior who fought with Skandadeva. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 56).

7) Kumuda (कुमुद).—A synonym of Mahāviṣṇu. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 149, Verse 76).

8) Kumuda (कुमुद).—There are four mountains supporting Mahāmeru on its four sides, and Kumuda is one of those four mountains, Mandara, Merumandara and Supārśva being the other three. According to the 8th Skandha of the Devī Bhāgavata there are other tweny mountains on the four sides of Mahāmeru, viz. Kuraṅga, Kuraga, Kuśumbha, Vikaṅkata, Trikūṭa, Śiśira, Pataṅga, Rucaka, Nīla, Niṣadha, Śitivāsa, Kapila, Śaṅkha, Vaidūrya, Cārudhi, Haṃsa, Ṛṣabha, Nāga, Kālañjara and Nārada.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Kumuda (कुमुद).—An attendant on Hari.1 Attacked Asura followers of Bali.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 8. 38-39; XI. 27. 28.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 21. 16.

1b) A disciple of Pathya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 7. 2.

1c) A chief Vānara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 242.

1d) A son of Irāvatī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 292.

1e) A Nāga from Cāndramasa Sāma.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 345.

1f) A son of Maṇivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 160.

1g) A son of Bṛhatī.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 247.

1h) A mountain on one side of Meru west of Śitoda. Here is the celestial Banian Tree Śatabalū's from which flow rivers to Nilāvṛta. The tree would yield whatever was desired of it.1 One of the seven hills of Śālmaladvīpa.2 Residence of the Kinnaras.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 11 and 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 28; 38. 45; 42. 51.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 35; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 32-3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 26.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa 39. 59.

1i) A mountain in Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 52.

1j) A mountain in Gomedaka.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 123. 3.

1k) A Cakravāka in Mānasa; a son of Kauśika in previous birth.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 18.

1l) One of the eight nidhis of Kubera.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 10.

1m) A Janapada of the Bhadra continent.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 43. 21.

2a) Kumudā (कुमुदा).—A name of Yogamāya; the goddess enshrined in Mānasa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 12; Matsya-purāṇa 13. 27.

2b) The wily sister of Mahādeva in the isle of Kumuda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 48. 35.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kumuda (कुमुद) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.15, I.35, V.101.13/V.103, IX.44.52, IX.44.35, IX.44.52) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kumuda) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Kumuda (कुमुद) refers to members of the moulding of a pedestal (pīṭha), used in the construction of liṅgas. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Kumuda (कुमुद).—A type of moulding common to both the prastara (parapet) and adhiṣṭhana (plinth);—The lowest two mouldings of a plinth, kumuda and jagatī, are not representational in the same sense as the other mouldings, which depict a timber architecture. The forms of the kumuda are expressive of support, being resilient-looking and cushion-like. A variety of kumuda forms is used, the most common being the tripaṭṭa (three-faced) type.

Source: Google Books: Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation

Kumuda (कुमुद) is an essential moulding of the plinth. It is moulded in different shapes like, rounded, three-faceted and multi-faceted. Kumuda is also decorated with different types of designs. The important designs found on the vṛttakumuda are ribbings., creeper scrolls (kalpavalli) and other minute decorative designs. All three types of kumudas such as vṛtta, tripaṭṭa and dhārāvṛtta are found carved in the same plinth alternatively in a few temples.

Source: Shodhganga: Development of temple architecture in Southern Karnataka
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Kumuda in Katha glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kumuda (कुमुद) or Kumudaparvata is the name of a mountain whose lord is named Kākaṇḍaka: a Vidyādhara king who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side but was slain by Prabhāsa, who participated in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... when they heard that [speech of Śrutaśarman], eight warriors in anger surrounded Prabhāsa.... And the seventh one, whose chariot was drawn by asses, was named Varāhasvāmin, king of the mount Kumuda, and he was chief of a host of great warriors. And the eighth warrior was like him, Medhāvara, King of Dundhubhi”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kumuda, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Kumudā (कुमुदा) is another name for Śāliparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Desmodium gangeticum (sal leaved desmodium), from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.17-20 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Kumudā and Śāliparṇī, there are a total of twenty-nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Kumuda - A niraya - strictly speaking, a period of suffering. It is equal to twelve Padumas.

The Kokalika monk was born in Kumuda niraya. S.i.152f; see also SN., p.126; SNA.ii.476.

2. Kumuda - One of the three palaces of Sobhita Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.vii.17.

3. Kumuda - A city. There an enemy of Piyadassi Buddha, Sona by name, made an unsuccessful attempt to kill him by means of the elephant Donamukha. Bu.xiv.6; BuA.174.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Kumuda (कुमुद) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Kumuda] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Kumuda in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kumuda : (nt.) white water lily.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kumuda, (nt.) 1. the white lotus Dh. 285; Vv 354 (=VvA. 161); J. V, 37 (seta°); Vism. 174; DA. I, 139.—2. a high numeral, in vīsati kumudā nirayā A. V, 173=Sn. p. 126.

naḷa a lotus-stalk J. I, 223;—patta (-vaṇṇa) (having the colour of) white lotus petals J. I, 58 (Ep. of sindhavā, steeds);—bhaṇḍikā a kind of corn Miln. 292;—vaṇṇa (adj.) of the colour of white lotus (sindhavā) PvA. 74, —vana a mass of white lotuses J. V, 37. (Page 221)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

kumuda (कुमुद).—n S The white water lily, Nymphæa esculenta. kumudinī f S The plant bearing it.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kumuda (कुमुद).—n The white water lily. kumudinī f The plant bearing it.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kumuda (कुमुद).—[kau bhodate iti kumudam]

1) The white waterlily said to open at moon-rise [Nymphea alba] नोच्छ्वसिति तपनकिरणैश्चन्द्रस्येवांशुभिः कुमुदम् (nocchvasiti tapanakiraṇaiścandrasyevāṃśubhiḥ kumudam) V.3.16; so Ś.5. 28; Ṛs.3.2,21,23; Me.42. कुमुदवनमपश्रि श्रीमदम्भोजषण्डम् (kumudavanamapaśri śrīmadambhojaṣaṇḍam) Śi.11.64.

2) A red lotus.

-dam Silver.

-daḥ 1 An epithet of Viṣṇu.

2) Name of the elephant supposed to guard the south.

3) Camphor.

4) A species of monkey.

5) Name of a Nāga who gave his younger sister कुमुद्वती (kumudvatī) to Kuśa, son of Rāma; see R.16.79.86.

-dā A form of Durgā.

Derivable forms: kumudaḥ (कुमुदः), kumudam (कुमुदम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 104 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kumudakara
Kumudākara (कुमुदाकर).—m. (-raḥ) A number of water lilies or place abounding with them. E. kumu...
Kumudabandhava
Kumudabāndhava (कुमुदबान्धव).—m. (-vaḥ) The moon. E. kumuda a lotus, and bāndhava the friend; t...
Raktakumuda
Raktakumuda (रक्तकुमुद).—n. (-daṃ) The red lotus, (Nymphæa rubra, Rox.) E. rakta red, kumuda th...
Kumudabandha
Kumudabandha (कुमुदबन्ध).—m. the moon. ततः कुमुदनाथेन कामिनीगण्डपाण्डुना (tataḥ kumudanāthena k...
Kumudavasa
Kumudāvāsa (कुमुदावास).—a pond full of lotuses. कुमुद्वतीनां कुमुदाकरैरिव (kumudvatīnāṃ kumudāk...
Kumudanatha
Kumudanātha (कुमुदनाथ).—m. the moon. ततः कुमुदनाथेन कामिनीगण्डपाण्डुना (tataḥ kumudanāthena kām...
Kumudasuhrid
Kumudasuhṛd (कुमुदसुहृद्).—m. the moon. ततः कुमुदनाथेन कामिनीगण्डपाण्डुना (tataḥ kumudanāthena ...
Kumudaparvata
Kumudaparvata (कुमुदपर्वत) or simply Kumuda is the name of a mountain whose lord is named Kākaṇ...
Kumudabhikhya
Kumudābhikhya (कुमुदाभिख्य).—silver. Derivable forms: kumudābhikhyam (कुमुदाभिख्यम्).Kumudābhik...
Kumudananda
Kumudānanda (कुमुदानन्द).—a. The delighter of lotuses; अन्वगात्कुमुदानन्दं शशाङ्कमिव कौमुदी (an...
Kumudakhanda
Kumudakhaṇḍa (कुमुदखण्ड).—an assemblage of lotuses. Derivable forms: kumudakhaṇḍam (कुमुदखण्डम्...
Kumudesha
Kumudeśa (कुमुदेश).—the moon. Derivable forms: kumudeśaḥ (कुमुदेशः).Kumudeśa is a Sanskrit comp...
Kumudapati
Kumudapati (कुमुदपति).—m. the moon. ततः कुमुदनाथेन कामिनीगण्डपाण्डुना (tataḥ kumudanāthena kāmi...
Sthalakumuda
Sthalakumuda (स्थलकुमुद).—the Karavīra plant. Derivable forms: sthalakumudaḥ (स्थलकुमुदः).Sthal...
Kumudanibha
Kumudanibhā (कुमुदनिभा) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstr...

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