Madhuparka, Madhu-parka: 18 definitions


Madhuparka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Madhuparka (मधुपर्क) is a Sanskrit word referring to “a mixture of honey”. During the ceremony of “laying the foundation” of the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa), this madhuparka should be offered to the king, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.41-42.

Source: Natya Shastra

Madhuparka—‘a mixture of honey’; a respectful offering prescribed to be made in Vedic times, to an honourable person and this custom still lingers in ceremonies like marriage. Its ingredients are five: curd (dadhi), ghee (sarpis), water (jala), honey (kṣaudra) and white sugar (sitā).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Madhuparka in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Madhuparka (मधुपर्क) refers to “articles of homage” (i.e., “Madhuparka is a mixture of honey, butter, sugar, curd and water offered to a guest when he first comes to the house”), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.31 (“Description of Śiva’s magic”).—Accordingly, after the Gods eulogised Śiva: “Then the lord Śiva who is favourably disposed to his devotees, the lord of magic and free from aberrations went to the lord of mountains. [...] The Brahmin received with pleasure the articles of homage (madhuparka) etc. offered by Himavat, the lord of mountains. O sage, after duly worshipping the excellent Brahmin with pleasure, the mountain Himavat enquired of his welfare. Again, the lord of mountains asked him ‘Who are you, please?’ Immediately the chief of Brahmins, spoke to the lord of mountains thus. [...]”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Madhuparka (मधुपर्क).—One of the children of Garuḍa. (Śloka 14, Chapter 11, Udyoga Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Madhuparka (मधुपर्क).—An offering of milk and honey;1 Paraśurāma was treated with it by Agastya.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 230. 11.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 35. 52.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Madhuparka (मधुपर्क) refers to “sweet liquid food” and represents one of the various ingredients used during worship, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—Madhuparka contains ghee, honey and sugar. According to some, the combination of yoghurt and milk, along with the previously mentioned three items, is also known as madhuparka. [these ingredients can be mixed together and then poured, or they can be poured separately into the bathing receptacle.]

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Madhuparka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Madhuparka (मधुपर्क) refers to one who has the colour of a “mixture of madhu and honey” (but it gives the brown colour of garuḍa) and is a synonym (another name) for Garuḍa, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Madhuparka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

madhuparka (मधुपर्क).—m (S) At marriages. The oblation of curds, honey &c. made and the honors paid to the bridegroom as he arrives at the door of the father of the bride. 2 The honors paid by the master of the house to the Brahman that officiates at a sacrifice. 3 Hospitable reception of a distinguished guest,--washing his feet, presenting fruit &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Madhuparka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madhuparka (मधुपर्क).—

1) 'a mixture of honey', a respectful offering made to a guest or to the bridegroom on his arrival at the door of the father of the bride; (its usual ingredients are five:dadhi sarpirjalaṃ kṣaudraṃ sitā caitaiśca pañcabhiḥ | procyate madhuparkaḥ); समांसो मधुपर्कः (samāṃso madhuparkaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 4; असिस्वदद्यन्मधु- पर्कमर्पितं स तद् व्यधात्तर्कमुदर्कदर्शिनाम् । यदैष पास्यन्मधु भीमजाधरं मिषेण पुण्याहविधिं तदा कृतम् (asisvadadyanmadhu- parkamarpitaṃ sa tad vyadhāttarkamudarkadarśinām | yadaiṣa pāsyanmadhu bhīmajādharaṃ miṣeṇa puṇyāhavidhiṃ tadā kṛtam) N.16.13; Manusmṛti 3.119 et seq.

2) the ceremony of receiving a guest.

Derivable forms: madhuparkaḥ (मधुपर्कः).

Madhuparka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms madhu and parka (पर्क).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhuparka (मधुपर्क).—n.

(-rkaṃ) A dish of curds, ghee and honey, to be offered to a respectable guest on his arrival. E. madhu honey, pṛc to sprinkle, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhuparka (मधुपर्क).—[madhu-parka], i.e. madhu-pṛc + a, m. A dish of curds, honey, and clarified butter, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 119; Chr. 16, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhuparka (मधुपर्क).—[masculine] a mixture or offering of honey ([ritual or religion]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Madhuparka (मधुपर्क) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—vaid. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 141.
—Av. Sb. 105.

2) Madhuparka (मधुपर्क):—[dharma] assigned to the Prayogaratna of Nārāyaṇa Bhaṭṭa. L.. 515.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Madhuparka (मधुपर्क):—[=madhu-parka] [from madhu] m. (n., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a mixture of honey, an offering of honey and milk, a respectful off° to a guest or to the bridegroom on his arrival at the door of the father of the bride (sometimes consisting of equal parts of curds, honey and clarified butter)

2) [v.s. ...] the ceremony of receiving a guest with it, [Atharva-veda; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Garuḍa, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of works.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhuparka (मधुपर्क):—[madhu-parka] (rkaṃ) 1. n. A dish of curds, ghee and honey offered to a guest.

[Sanskrit to German]

Madhuparka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Madhuparka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Madhuparka (ಮಧುಪರ್ಕ):—[noun] a mixture of milk, ghee (clarified butter), water, honey and sugar, (for offering to a guest as a mark of respect).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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