Rajani, Rajanī, Rājanī: 26 definitions


Rajani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Rajanī (रजनी):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Rajanī (रजनी, “night”) is a Sanskrit word referring to “Turmeric”, a herbaceous plant of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Its official botanical name is Curcuma longa and it is native to the forests of south India. It is used as a spice in many Asian dishes and is also used since ancient times in traditional medicine.

This plant (Rajanī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known as Haridrā or Niśā.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Rajanī (रजनी) refers to “night”, mentioned in verse 3.32 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] One shall drink broth (that is) not too thick, rasālā, curds, raga and khāṇḍava syrup, [...] and water (that is) perfumed with trumpet-flowers, charged with camphor, (and) very cold. Taking at night [viz., rajanī] moonbeams as food, one shall drink, [...]”.

Note: Rajanī [rajanyām] (“at night”) has been paraphrased by mthsan-mo(i) dus-su (“in the nighttime”).

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Rajanī (रजनी) is another name for “Haridrā” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning rajanī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Rajanī (रजनी) refers to the “night”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.52 (“The bridegroom’s party is fed and Śiva retires to bed”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Seated on a gemset throne offered by Menā, Śiva surveyed the bedchamber with pleasure. [...] While the supreme lord had his sleep and the lord of the mountains was engaged in these duties, the night (rajanī) passed away giving place to dawn. In the morning the enthusiastic people began to play on different kinds of musical instruments. [...]”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Rājanī (राजनी).—A holy river in ancient India. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 21).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rajanī (रजनी).—A river in Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 10.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Rajanī (रजनी) refers to a mūrchanā (modulation) based on the ṣaḍja-grāma, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. The fourteen mūrchanās mentioned in this work refer to the regulated rise or fall of sounds through the grāma (musical scale), which represents a scale consisting of a number of tones (svara).

2) Rajanī (रजनी) or Madhya is the name of a meter belonging to the Vṛtta (syllabic) class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“when the two syllables are short and one long in the triad of its feet, the metre is rajanī”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Rajanī (रजनी) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Madana in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Rajani (रजनि) refers to the “night”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “An abnormal modification caused by a aggressive ritual against Kings, occurring at the improper time, dreadful and all-reaching, is characterized by the these signs: [...] meteors fall violently making dreadful sounds; ministers fight with each other out of greediness; in the night (rajanirajanyāṃ rājate) a terrifying rainbow shines, even if there are no clouds; here and there in the city great danger arises because of fire; [...] from such and other signs he should understand that the enemy is performing a aggressive ritual”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Rajani in India is the name of a plant defined with Chenopodium album in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Atriplex alba (L.) Crantz (among others).

2) Rajani is also identified with Chenopodium hederiforme It has the synonym Botrys albus Nieuwl. (etc.).

3) Rajani is also identified with Chenopodium olukondae It has the synonym Chenopodium album L. (etc.).

4) Rajani is also identified with Indigofera tinctoria It has the synonym Indigofera bergii Vatke ex Engl. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Acta Horti Gothoburgensis (1933)
· Flora Mediterranea (1996)
· Flora of the Southern United States (1860)
· American Midland Naturalist (1943)
· Feddes Repert. (1993)
· Flora Aegyptiaco-Arabica (1775)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Rajani, for example extract dosage, chemical composition, health benefits, side effects, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rajanī : (f.) night.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rajani, (f.) (fr. raj, cp. rajanīya 2) the night Dāvs. I, 39; Abhp 69; PvA. 205. (Page 561)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rajanī (रजनी).—f S Night.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rajanī (रजनी).—f Night.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rajani (रजनि) or Rajanī (रजनी).—f. [rajyate'tra, rañj-kani vā ṅīp Uṇādi-sūtra 2.11]

1) Night; हरिरभिमानी रजनिरिदानीमियमपि याति विरामम् (harirabhimānī rajaniridānīmiyamapi yāti virāmam) Gītagovinda 5; रतिश्रान्ता शेते रजनिरमणी गाढमुरसि (ratiśrāntā śete rajaniramaṇī gāḍhamurasi) K. P.

2) Turmeric.

3) Red lac; यथा रजनी मे कण्डूयति, तिलको मे स्पन्दते इति । रागा- भावे तिलकाभावे च तद्देशलक्षणया भवन्ति वक्तार इति (yathā rajanī me kaṇḍūyati, tilako me spandate iti | rāgā- bhāve tilakābhāve ca taddeśalakṣaṇayā bhavanti vaktāra iti) ŚB. on Manusmṛti 8.4.28.

4) Name of Durgā.

Derivable forms: rajaniḥ (रजनिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajani (रजनि).—f. (-niḥ-nī) 1. Night. 2. The indigo-plant. 3. Turmeric. 4. Lac. E. rañj to colour, ani Unadi aff., and ṅīṣ optionally added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajani (रजनि).—rajanī, i. e. rañj + anī, f. 1. Night, [Pañcatantra] 128, 11; 248, 5 (); [Śṛṅgāratilaks] 8 (). 2. The indige plant. 3. Lac. 4. Turmeric.

Rajani can also be spelled as Rajanī (रजनी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajani (रजनि).—[feminine] = rajanī (v. [preceding]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rajani (रजनि):—[from raj] a etc. See p. 863, col. 1.

2) Rajanī (रजनी):—[from rajana > raj] a f. See sub voce

3) Rajani (रजनि):—[from raj] b f. (mc. and [in the beginning of a compound]) = rajanī, night.

4) Rajanī (रजनी):—[from raj] b f. ‘the coloured or dark one’, night, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

5) [v.s. ...] Curcuma Longa ([dual number] = -dvaya), [Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] the indigo plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a grape or lac (drākṣā or lākṣā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Harivaṃśa]

9) [v.s. ...] of a [particular] personification, [Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra]

10) [v.s. ...] (in music) of a [particular] Mūrchanā, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

11) [v.s. ...] of an Apsaras, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

13) Rājanī (राजनी):—[from rājana > rāj] f. Name of a river, [Mahābhārata]

14) [v.s. ...] = gautamī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) Rājani (राजनि):—m. [patronymic] [from] rajana, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajani (रजनि):—[(naḥ-nī)] 2. 3. f. Night; Indigo plant; turmeric; lac.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Rajani (रजनि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Rayaṇi, Rayaṇī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rajani in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rajanī (रजनी):—(nm) night; ~[kara/pati] the moon; ~[cara] a demon, noctural being.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rajani (ರಜನಿ):—

1) [noun] the period from the sunset to the sunrise; night.

2) [noun] one of several names of Durge.

3) [noun] the powder made from the aromatic rhizome of the plant Curcuma longa, used as a dye or in seasoning foods; turmeric powder.

4) [noun] a resinous substance secreted by the scale insect Laccifer lacca, that lives on certain fig, soapberry and acacia trees; lac.

5) [noun] (fig.) an illusion or that which causes illusion.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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