Parvataka: 3 definitions

Introduction

Parvataka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Parvataka in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Parvataka (पर्वतक) is the name of a leader of Gaṇas (Gaṇapa or Gaṇeśvara or Gaṇādhipa) who came to Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.20. Accordingly, after Śiva decided to become the friend of Kubera:—“[...] The leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there. [...] Kuṇḍin, Vāha and the auspicious Parvataka with twelve crores each, Kāla, Kālaka and Mahākāla each with a hundred crores. [...]”.

These [viz., Parvataka] and other leaders of Gaṇas [viz., Gaṇapas] were all powerful (mahābala) and innumerable (asaṃkhyāta). [...] The Gaṇa chiefs and other noble souls of spotless splendour eagerly reached there desirous of seeing Śiva. Reaching the spot they saw Śiva, bowed to and eulogised him.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: academia.edu: A Textual and Intertextual Study of the Mudrārākṣasa (history)

Parvataka is the father of Malayaketu.—The Pariśiṣṭaparvan of Hemacandra describes Malayaketu’s father Parvataka as a king of Himavatkūṭa, “Himalayan Peak”. It is more than likely that Viśākhadatta did not think of Parvataka (and hence Malayaketu) as a southerner. If Parvataka is Porus and the Malayas are the Malloi, the claim that the rulers of Kulūta, Kaśmīra and Malaya were seeking to seize land from Malayaketu (whose kingdom must have been identical to that of his father) becomes credible.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Parvataka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parvataka (पर्वतक):—[from parv] m. a mountain (See eka-p)

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Mudrārākṣasa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a prince in the Himālaya, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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