Kumbhaka: 17 definitions
Kumbhaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Kumbhaka (कुम्भक) refers to “total suspension” (of breath). It is one of the three types of ‘breath-suspension’ techniques, also known as prāṇāyāma. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya verse 6.70)
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Kumbhaka (कुम्भक, “holding”) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the three major breaths on which prāṇāyāma is built.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Kumbhaka (कुम्भक).—A warrior of Skanda. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 75).
2) Kumbhaka (कुम्भक).—(Nikumbhaka). A very reputed sage. If he visited any place at dusk he left it only after a thousand years. He visited Kāśī once when King Divodāsa was ruling the state after having killed the Rākṣasa called Kṣemaka, who had lived like a king there. Kumbhaka lived in a forest in Kāśī with his disciples. Prosperity reigned supreme within a radius of three Yojanas from where the sage lived. Neither wild beasts nor famine infested the area.
2) Once a fierce famine broke out in Kāśī, and the failure of rain caused great havoc. Finding it impossible to feed the cows their keepers went with their live-stock every morning to Kumbhaka’s place where summer had not yet even peeped in, and after feeding their cows there, they returned home in the evening. But, one evening they led back with them the cows used by the sage for his Pūjās. When the sun set, as usual the sage sat before the sacred fire for Pūjā. But, the cow had not come. With his divine vision he found out the reason for the absence of the cow. He cursed that the region where the keepers of the cows lived be turned into a desert, and the kingdom of Kāśī became a desert place, whereupon king Divodāsa went to the banks of the Gomatī and founded a new kingdom there. (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa Chapter 2).
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)
Kumbhaka (कुम्भक) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Cāmuṇḍā they preside over Puṇḍravardhana: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra. Their weapon is the khaṭvāṅga. A similar system appears in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Kumbhaka (कुम्भक) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kumbhaka).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Kumbhaka.—(LL), the base of a pillar. Note: kumbhaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
kumbhaka : (nt.) the mast (of a ship).
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kumbhaka (कुंभक).—m S Closing the nostrils and mouth so as to suspend breathing. A religious exercise.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) The base of a column (used especially in this sense frequently in inscription).
2) A religious exercise (in Yoga phil.), stopping the breath by closing the mouth and both nostrils with the fingers of the right hand; प्राणापानौ संनिरुन्ध्यात्पूरकुम्भकरेचकैः (prāṇāpānau saṃnirundhyātpūrakumbhakarecakaiḥ) Bhāg.7.15.32.
Derivable forms: kumbhakaḥ (कुम्भकः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Kumbhaka (कुम्भक).—m., the base of a pillar or column: Mahāvyutpatti 5574 = Tibetan ka rten. Not recorded in any Dict., but in Acharya, Dict. Hindu Architecture s.v., from inscriptions at Mathurā (Sanskrit?).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ) Stopping the breath by shutting the mouth and closeing both nostrils with the fingers of the right hand. E. kan added to the last.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kumbhaka (कुम्भक).—[kumbha + ka], I. m. A religious exercise, closing the nostrils and mouth so as to suspend breathing, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in
Kumbhaka (कुम्भक).—= [preceding] adj —°; [masculine] [neuter] a cert. religious exercise to suspend the breath.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kumbhaka (कुम्भक):—[from kumbha] m. ifc. a pot, [Kathāsaritsāgara]
2) [v.s. ...] a measure (of grain, etc.), [Jyotiṣa]
3) [v.s. ...] the prominence on the upper part of an elephant’s forehead, [Mahābhārata xii, 4280]
4) [v.s. ...] mn. stopping the breath by shutting the mouth and closing the nostrils with the fingers of the right hand (a religious exercise), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Vedāntasāra; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha] etc.
5) [v.s. ...] m. the base of a column, [Buddhist literature]
6) [v.s. ...] Name of an attendant of Skanda, [Mahābhārata ix, 2577]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
1) Säulenbasis [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 131.] —
2) = kumbha [?1,e. Dhyānavindūpaniṣad in Weber’s Indische Studien.2,3. Yogatattva Upakośā ebend. 50. Viṣṇupurāṇa 653.] prāṇasya śodhayenmārgaṃ pūrakumbhakarecakaiḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 28, 9.] prāṇāpānau saṃnirudhyātpūrakumbhakarecakaiḥ [?7, 15, 32. Vedāntasāra 74. Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 645. 648.]
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2) [SARVADARŚANAS. 174, 16. 20] (definirt). [Oxforder Handschriften 108,a,2. 234,b,33. fgg. 237,a, No. 568.] neutr.: vidhāraṇaṃ (prāṇasya) kumbhakam Schol. zu [Yogasūtra 1, 34. Z. 4] lies [Vedānta lecture No. 131.] —
3) = kumbha
1) a) am Ende eines adj. comp. [Kathāsaritsāgara 99, 3.] —
4) = kumbha
1) c) [WEBER, Jyotiṣa 79.] —
5) = kumbha
1) d) am Ende eines adj. comp.: vitata [Mahābhārata 12, 4280.] —
6) Nomen proprium eines Wesens im Gefolge Skanda's [Mahābhārata 9, 2577.] — kumbhikā s. bes.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) am Ende eines adj. Comp. = kumbha 1)a) und e). —
2) m. n. = kumbha 1)i). —
3) m. — a) = kumbha 1)d). — b) *Säulenbasis (buddh.). — c) Nomen proprium eines Wesens im Gefolge Skanda's. —
4) f. kumbhikā — a) ein kleiner Topf , — Krug. — b) Myrica sapida [Bhāvaprakāśa 1,175.] — c) *Pistia Stratiotes. — d) *Bignonia suaveolens. — e) *ein best. kleiner Strauch , = droṇapuṣpī. — f) Pl. eine best. Augenkrankheit , = kumbhīkā. — g) Nomen proprium einer der Mütter im Gefolge Skanda's.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+3): Kumbhaka bhatta, Kumbhakamala, Kumbhakanna, Kumbhakapaddhati, Kumbhakara, Kumbhakara Jataka, Kumbhakaragama, Kumbhakaraka, Kumbhakarakakukkuta, Kumbhakarakukkuta, Kumbhakarasala, Kumbhakari, Kumbhakarika, Kumbhakarna, Kumbhakarna mahendra, Kumbhakarnaci Jhompa, Kumbhakarnakapala, Kumbhakarnaniyantar, Kumbhakarnashrama, Kumbhakarnavadha.
Full-text: Pranayama, Recaka, Kumbhakapaddhati, Hathayogapradipika, Kumbhaka bhatta, Sahitakumbhaka, Purakakumbhakarecaka, Kumbha, Shraddhasagara, Camunda, Pundravardhana, Mahabandha, Mulabandha, Parighasana, Gorakshasana, Kevala, Bhadrasana, Kumbhika, Sahita.
Search found 24 books and stories containing Kumbhaka; (plurals include: Kumbhakas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter XXV - On samadhi < [Book VI - Nirvana prakarana part 1 (nirvana prakarana)]
Chapter VI - The different stages of yoga < [The yoga philosophy]
Chapter LIV - Quiescence of uddalaka < [Book V - Upasama khanda (upashama khanda)]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 6.70 < [Section VII - Means of Removing Sin (kilbiṣa)]
Verse 11.248 < [Section XXXII - Expiation of Secret Sins]
Amritanada Upanishad of Krishna-Yajurveda (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XX - Mantra-cures (curative formulas) of snakebite as narrated by Shiva < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter XLIX - Discourse on Yoga and acts of piety < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CCXXVII - Different names of the Ayurvedic Drugs < [Dhanvantari Samhita]