Humkara, Huṃkāra, Hum-kara, Hūṃkāra: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Humkara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Hūṃkāra (हूंकार) or Hūṃkāratantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Hūṃkāra belonging to the Garuḍa class.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

huṃkāra (हुँकार).—m (huṃ or hūṃ Grunt of assent, and kāra Affix.) The uttering of hūṃ (sound intimating consent or acquiescence) in reply to a questioner, or in acknowledgment of approbation or attention to a person relating a story: also the hūṃ so uttered.

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huṃkārā (हुँकारा).—m (hūṃ & kāra Affix.) The uttering, from time to time, of the sound hūṃ by the hearers of a narration, in expression of their clear apprehension, fixed attention &c. v .

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Huṃkāra (हुंकार).—f.

1) uttering the sound 'hum'; पृष्टा पुनः पुनः कान्ता हुंकारैरेव भाषते (pṛṣṭā punaḥ punaḥ kāntā huṃkāraireva bhāṣate).

2) a menacing sound, sound of defiance; क्षतहुंकारशंसिनः (kṣatahuṃkāraśaṃsinaḥ) Ku.2.26; हुंकारेणेव धनुषः स हि विघ्नानपोहति (huṃkāreṇeva dhanuṣaḥ sa hi vighnānapohati) Ś.3.1; R.7.58; Ku.5.54.

3) roaring, bellowing in general.

4) the grunting of a boar.

5) the twang of a bow.

Derivable forms: huṃkāraḥ (हुंकारः).

Huṃkāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hum and kāra (कार). See also (synonyms): huṃkṛti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Huṃkāra (हुंकार).—i. e. hum (an imitative sound), -kāra, m. 1. Uttering a menacing sound, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 345. 2. Roaring, bellowing, [Pañcatantra] 162, 25 (of an elephant). 3. Twang (of a bow), [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 52.

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Hūṃkāra (हूंकार).—i. e. hūm-kāra, 1. Uttering the sound hūm, [Devīmāhātmya, (ed. Poley.)] 6, 9; as injury, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 204. 2. Roaring, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 4, 24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Huṃkāra (हुंकार).—[masculine] the sound hum (v. hum).

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Hūṃkāra (हूंकार).—[masculine] = huṃkṛ & huṃkāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Huṃkāra (हुंकार):—[=huṃ-kāra] a huṃ-kṛta etc. See hum.

2) [=huṃ-kāra] [from huṃ > hum] b m. the sound hum ([especially] expressive of menace or contempt etc.; also applied to the trumpeting of an elephant, to the roaring or grunting etc. of other animals, to the twang of a bow etc.), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) Huṃkārā (हुंकारा):—[=huṃ-kārā] [from huṃ-kāra > huṃ > hum] f. Name of a Yoginī, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

4) Hūṃkāra (हूंकार):—[=hūṃ-kāra] hūṃ-kṛti See under hum, [column]2.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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