Dyuti, Dyutī: 20 definitions


Dyuti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Duty.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dyuti (द्युति).—A goddess who protected Arjuna. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 37, Stanza 38)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dyuti (द्युति) refers to the “light” (of the glow worm), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] Handing over a gold coin you wish to buy a piece of glass. Setting aside the pure sandal paste you wish to smear mud over your body. Unmindful of the sunlight you wish to have the light of the glow worm [i.e., khadyota-dyuti]. Throwing away the fine China silk you wish to wear the hide. Discarding the life at home you yearn for a life in the forest, O madam, throwing away excellent treasure you wish a piece of iron in return? [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Dyuti (द्युति).—A Yāma deva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 92; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 6; 62. 61.

1b) (Vasiṣṭha): a Sage of the 4th Sāvarṇa epoch;1 of the 12th epoch of Manu.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 91.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 35.

1c) One of the 20 Sutapa gaṇas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 14.

2) Dyutī (द्युती).—Left her consort Vibhāvasu and loved Soma with eight other Devis.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 23. 24.
Source: Eastern Book Linkers: Harivaṃśa Purāṇa

Dyuti (द्युति) refrers to one of the ten sons of Tāmasa Manu (of the fourth manvantara), according to the Harivaṃśa-purāṇa 1.7.20-29:—“In the Tāmasa-manvantara there were the gods called Satya. Tāmasa Manu had ten very strong sons, known as Dyuti, Tapasya, Sutapa, Tapomūla, Tapodhana, Taparati, Kalmāṣa, Tanvī, Dhanvī and Paraṃtapa. All of them were owned by vāyu”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Dyuti (द्युति) refers to “light”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] (These energies) [i.e., of the syllables of the Goddess’s Vidyā?] are (white) like the foam of a stream of milk and their light is like the lustre of the moon [i.e., jyotsnā-dyuti-samaprabha]. They rain down in a great stream onto the body with drops that are (like) streams of milk. One should think that the Self is there in middle (of the body) and its colour is (white like) milk. O goddess, this is the Wheel of the Moon”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Dyuti (द्युति) refers to the “brilliancy” (of the sun and planets), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “A true Astrologer is also one who has thoroughly mastered the Science of Saṃhitā. It treats of the motions of the sun and planets; of their size, color, rays, brilliancy [i.e., dyuti] and shape and changes in the same of their disappearance and re-appearance; of their courses and deviations therefrom; of their retrograde and reretrograde motions; of their conjunction with the stars and of their places among the stars and the like”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Dyuti (द्युति) refers to “shining” (like a blue lotus), according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[Visualisation of Parameśvara]:—[...] He is in the prime of his youth and has all the auspicious characteristics. He has the great Ajagava bow placed on his left side. On his right, he has five glowing arrows. He is shining like a blue lotus (indīvara-dyuti). On his chest there is a glittering garland of blue lotuses. He is the Lord. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Dyuti (द्युति) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Dyuti).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Dyuti (द्युति) is the name of an ancient Ācārya, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.8 [The abandonment of Sītā] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] The sages [i.e., the seven sons of king Śrīnandana] went to the dwelling of Ācārya Dyuti and were greeted respectfully by Dyuti who rose to meet them. They were not greeted by his monks with the idea, “They are wandering out of season.” Dyuti gave them seats and they broke their fast there. Saying, ‘We came from the city Mathurā and now we shall go there’, they flew up and returned to their own abode. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dyuti (द्युति).—f. [dyut-in]

1) Splendour, brightness, lustre, beauty; काचः काञ्चनसंसर्गाद् धत्ते मारकतीं द्युतिम् (kācaḥ kāñcanasaṃsargād dhatte mārakatīṃ dyutim) H. Pr.35; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 2.1; R.3.64.

2) Light, a ray of light; Bh. 1.61.

3) Majesty, dignity; Manusmṛti 1.87.

4) (in drama) A threatening attitude.

Derivable forms: dyutiḥ (द्युतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dyuti (द्युति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Light. 2. Beauty or splendour. 3. A ray of light. 4. Stimulating, exciting. E. dyut to shine, affix ki.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dyuti (द्युति).—i. e. 1. div + ti, f. 1. Splendour, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 66; [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 41. 2. Dignity, i. [distich] 167.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dyuti (द्युति).—[feminine] splendour, beauty, majesty; poss. mant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dyuti (द्युति):—[from dyut] f. splendour (as a goddess, [Harivaṃśa 14035]), brightness, lustre, majesty, dignity, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] ([dramatic language]) a threatening attitude, [Daśarūpa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Ṛṣi under Manu Merusāvarṇa, [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of Manu Tāmasa, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dyuti (द्युति):—(tiḥ) 2. f. Light; beauty.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dyuti (द्युति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jui.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dyuti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Ḍyūṭī (ड्यूटी) [Also spelled duty]:—(nf) duty, binding force of what is right; payment to public revenue levied on import, export etc.

2) Dyuti (द्युति):—(nf) radiance, lustre, brilliance, glow; ~[maṃta/māna] radiant, lustrous, brilliant, bright.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dyuti (ದ್ಯುತಿ):—

1) [noun] the form of electromagnetic radiation that acts upon the retina of the eye, optic nerve, etc., making sight possible; light.

2) [noun] a ray of light.

3) [noun] radiant beauty.

--- OR ---

Dyuti (ದ್ಯುತಿ):—[noun] a kind of medicinal plant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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