Bhrigu, Bhṛgu: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bhrigu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhṛgu can be transliterated into English as Bhrgu or Bhrigu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Bhṛgu (भृगु) refers to “one of the seven sages, born from the mind of Lord Brahmā”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

Discover the meaning of bhrigu or bhrgu in the context of Vaishnavism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Bhṛgu (भृगु).—General. A sage, the son of Brahmā. He was the founder of Bhṛgu vaṃśa. Members of the Bhṛgu vaṃśa are called 'Bhārgavas.' Bhṛguvaṃśa has been reputed for many of its members who were Ṛṣis of great sanctity and grandeur. (See full article at Story of Bhṛgu from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhṛgu (भृगु) was created as a Sādhaka (aspirant) by Brahmā out of his heart (hṛdaya), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“[...] I [viz., Brahmā] created many other things as well, but O sage, I was not satisfied. Then O sage, I meditated on Śiva and his consort Ambā and created aspirants (sādhakas). [...] I created Bhṛgu from my heart (hṛdaya), [...] O foremost among sages, creating thus, thanks to the favour of Mahādeva, these excellent Sādhakas (e.g., Bhṛgu) I became contented. Then, O dear one, Dharma, born out of my conception assumed the form of Manu at my bidding and was engaged in activity by the aspirants”.

Note: Bhṛgu is one of the Prajāpatis and great sages and is regarded as the founder of the race of the Bhṛgus or Bhārgavas, in which Jamadagni and Paraśurāma were born.

Bhṛgu is a Muni (Sage) who once attended a great sacrifice by Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] once a great sacrifice was started by Dakṣa, O sage. To partake in that sacrifice, the celestial and terrestrial sages and devas were invited by Śiva and they reached the place being deluded by Śiva’s Māyā. [Bhṛgu, ...] and many others along with their sons and wives arrived at the sacrifice of Dakṣa—my son”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bhṛgu (भृगु).—Born from fire; one of the ten mind-born sons of Brahmā; born of his skin; married Kardama's daughter Khyātī and had two sons and a daughter; married the daughter of Puloma and brought forth twelve sons besides Cyavana and Ānuvan; married two daughters of Dakṣa; a sage of the Cākṣuṣa epoch;1 a Mahaṛṣi; a Mantrakṛt; a Pravara; accompanied Brahmā going to Hiraṇyakaśipu; was present at the anointing of Vāmana Hari and praised the Lord and Aditi; learnt the kriyayoga from Brahmā;2 and the Vedas from Manu.3 Deputed by the sages to find out the greatest of the Gods, went to his father's court without invoking him in praise; Brahmā grew angry but restrained his anger. Then he went to Śiva, who embraced him. Bhṛgu told him that he did not like his behaviour when Śiva grew angry and started to attack him with his trident. He was stopped by Pārvatī's intervention. Next he called on Hari and kicked him while sleeping, on His chest. Hari coolly bore it, bowed to him and said that only then he became purified and united with Lakṣmī. Bhṛgu wondered at his patience and concluded that he was the greatest of all the gods.4 Wondered at Mārkaṇḍeya's vrata; took part in crowning Vena to avoid the evils of anarchy; did not find fault with Hara violating dharma.5 Officiated at Viśvasṛja yajña when he cursed the followers of Śiva to become Pākhaṇḍis; created Ṛbhus to put down the Pramathas and others who disturbed Dakṣa's sacrifice; was bound by Maṇiman and the beard cut off. It was Śiva's wish that the beard of a sheep be substituted for his original one.6 Was born again of Carṣaṇi and Varuṇa7 acted as adhvaryu in Soma's Rājasūya;8 cursed Viṣṇu to take the form of a human being seven times for slaying his wife to protect Indra.9 Praised Śiva out to burn Tripura.10 Performed penance on the Narmadā but was not free from anger; cursed Śiva's riding animal when it was sent to examine his mind; but still he prayed to the Lord who blessed a tīrtha at that place in his honour.

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 22-23; 24. 23; IV. 1. 43; Matsya-purāṇa 3. 8; 5. 14; 9. 22; 195. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 5, 7, 26, 37; 8. 15.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 145. 90, 98; 171. 27; 195. 29.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 3. 14; VIII. 23. 20-27; XI. 27. 3; 14. 4.
  • 4) Ib. X. 89. 2-19.
  • 5) Ib. XII. 8. 12; IV. 14. 1; 29. 43; VI. 17. 12.
  • 6) Ib. IV. 2. 27-8; 4. 32; 5. 17 and 19; 7. 5.
  • 7) Ib. VI. 18. 4.
  • 8) Matsya-purāṇa 23. 20.
  • 9) Ib. 47. 39, 105.
  • 10) Ib. 102. 19; 126, 10; 133. 67.

1b) A sage and a contemporary of Kṛṣṇa; came to see Kṛṣṇa at Syamantapañcaka; one of the sages who left for Piṇḍāraka; came to see Parīkṣit practising prāyopaveśa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 84. 4; XI. 1. 12; I. 19. 9.

1c) A Ṛṣi presiding over the month of Nabhasya;1 in the Sun's chariot in the month of Bhādrapada.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 38.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 9; 52. 9.

1d) The father of Atharvaṇa Agni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 10.

1e) One of the eighteen authors on architecture.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 252. 2.

1f) In the Viśvacakra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 285. 6.

1g) The teacher of Vyāsa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 42; 3. 2; 10. 29.

1h) The author of 10380 Ṛks and 1000 mantras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 71.

1i) Heard the viṣṇu purāṇa from Sārasvata and narrated it to Purukutsa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 8. 45.

1j) Divine seers and teachers. Helped Bali in his aśvamedha. Śukra, a Bhṛgu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 7. 24; VIII. 18. 20-21; IX. 18. 14. Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 71.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bhṛgu (भृगु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.8, I.44.18, I.48, I.60.40) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhṛgu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Bhṛgu (भृगु) married Khyāti: one of the daughters of Dakṣa and Prasūti: one of the two daughters of Manu-svāyaṃbhuva and Śatarūpā, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Ākūti was married to Ruci and Prasūti to Dakṣa. Dakṣa produced in Prasūti twenty-four daughters. [...] [Khyāti was given to Bhṛgu.]. [...] From Bhṛgu through Khyāti, Lakṣmī (the beloved of Nārāyaṇa), Dhātā and Vidhātā were born. Dhātā and Vidhātā became the Sons-in-law of Meru marrying Āyati and Niyati respectively.

Bhṛgu was the father of Śukra, according to another account of Vaṃśa in the Saurapurāṇa.—Accordingly, [...] Śukra (the preceptor of the Daityas) was born from Bhṛgu. Śukra achieved the knowledge of Saṃjīvanī by worshipping Mahādeva and by the grace of the Lord he was famous as Yogācārya.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of bhrigu or bhrgu in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Bhrigu was one of the seven great sages, the SaptaRishis. He is a ManasaPutra (wish-born-son) of Lord Brahma. His father is Brahma, who simply wished him into existence, to assist in the process of creation. He is married to Khyati, the daughter of Daksha. He has two sons by her, named Dhata and Vidhata. According to some traditions, Laxmi, the consort of Lord Vishnu is said to be his daughter. He has one more son, who is better known than Bhrigu himself - Shukra. The sage Chyavana is also said to be his son. [Maha:1.5]

Bhrigu is credited as the father of Hindu astrology and the first astrological treatise Bhrigu Samhita is attributed to his authorship. This treatise is said to contain over 5 million horoscopes, in which he wrote down the fate of every being in the universe. According to popular tradition, only about a hundredth of these horoscopes have survived to this age.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Maharishi Bhrigu (Sanskrit: Bhṛgu) was one of the seven great sages, the Saptarshis, one of the many Prajapatis (the facilitators of Creation) created by Brahma (The God of Creation), the first compiler of predictive astrology, and also the author of Bhrigu Samhita, the astrological (Jyotish) classic. Bhrigu is considered as a Manasa Putra (mind-born-son) of Lord Brahma.

Maharishi Bhrigu is credited as the father of Hindu astrology and the first astrological treatise Bhrigu Samhita is attributed to his authorship. This treatise is said to contain over 5 million horoscopes, in which he wrote down the fate of every being in the universe. According to popular tradition, only about a hundredth of these horoscopes have survived to this age. The Bhrigu Samhita is an astrological (jyotish) classic attributed to Maharishi Bhrigu during the Vedic period, although the available evidence suggests that it was compiled over a period of time by the various sishyas (students in the lineage) of Maharishi Bhrigu.

Saint Bhrigu was compatriot and belonged to the times of Manu. Bhrigu had his Ashram (Hermitage) on Vadhusar river a tributory of Drishadwati river near Dhosi Hill in the Vedic state of Brahmavarta, presently on the border of Haryana and Rajasthan in India. Along with Manu, Bhrigu made important contributions to 'Manusmriti', which was constituted out of a sermon to a congregation of saints in the state of Brahmavarta, after the great floods in this area, nearly 10,000 years ago. As per Skanda Purana, Bhrigu migrated to Bhrugukucch Bharuch on the banks of Narmada river in Gujarat, leaving his senile son Chyavana at Dhosi Hill. The later date archaeological findings at Bhrigu Kutch are dated 8500 years old.

Source: Sri Kamakoti Mandali: Hinduism

In the Vimānārcakakalpa, thirteen works are attributed to bhṛgu:

  1. khilatantra,
  2. purātantra,
  3. vāsādhikāra,
  4. citrādhikāra,
  5. mānādhikāra,
  6. kriyādhikāra,
  7. arcanādhikāra,
  8. yajnādhikāra,
  9. varṇādhikāra,
  10. prakīrṇādhikāra,
  11. pratigṛhyādhikāra,
  12. niruktādhikāra,
  13. khilādhikāra.

The Ānanda saṃhitā attributes ten works to bhṛgu:

  1. khila,
  2. khilādhikāra,
  3. purādhikāra,
  4. vāsādhikāraṇa,
  5. arcanādhikaraṇa,
  6. mānādhikaraṇa,
  7. kriyādhikāra,
  8. niruktādhikāra,
  9. prakīrṇādhikāra,
  10. yajnādhikāra.

According to the samūrtārcanādhikaraṇa, works attributed to bhṛgu are:

  1. khila,
  2. khilādhikāra,
  3. purātantra,
  4. vāsādhikāra,
  5. citrādhikāra,
  6. kriyādhikāra,
  7. mānādhikāra,
  8. pratigṛhyādhikāra.

The Yajnādhikāra (of bhṛgu) attributes the following works to Bhṛgu:

  1. khila,
  2. kriyādhikāra,
  3. vāsādhikāra,
  4. mānādhikāra,
  5. niruktādhikāra,
  6. prakīrṇādhikāra,
  7. arcanādhikāra,
  8. yajnādhikāra,
  9. varṇādhikāra,
  10. purātantra,
  11. uttaratantra.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Bhṛgu (भृगु) refers to one of the eight direction-guardians (dikpāla) of the Jñānacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the jñānacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. Bhṛgu is associated with the charnel ground (śmaśāna) named Agni and with the tree (vṛkṣa) named Campaka.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of bhrigu or bhrgu in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhṛgu (भृगु).—

1) Name of a sage, regarded as the ancestor of the family of the Bhṛgus, and described in Ms.1.35 as one of the ten patriarchs created by the first Manu; (said to be so called because he was produced along with flames; saha jvālābhirutpanne bhṛgustasmād bhṛguḥ smṛtaḥ |). [On one occasion when the sages could not agree as to which of the three gods, Brahman, Viṣṇu and Śiva, was best entitled to the worship of Brāhmaṇas, the sage Bhṛgu was sent to test the character of the three gods. He first went to the abode of Brahman, and, on approaching him, purposely omitted an obeisance. Upon this the god reprehended him severely, but was pacified by apologies. Next he entered the abode of Śiva in Kailāsa, and omitted, as before, all tokens of adoration. The vindictive deity was enraged and would have destroyed him, had he not conciliated him by mild words. (According to another account, Bhṛgu was coldly received by Brahman, and he, therefore, cursed him that he would receive no worship or adoration; and condemned Śiva to take the form of a Liṅga, as he got no access to the deity who was engaged in private with his wife). Lastly he went to Viṣṇu, and finding him asleep, he boldly gave the god a kick on his breast which at once awoke him. Instead of showing anger, however, the God arose, and on seeing Bhṛgu, inquired tenderly whether his foot was hurt, and then began to rub it gently. 'This', said Bhṛgu, 'is the mightiest god. He overtops all by the most potent of all weapons--kindness and generosity'. Viṣṇu was therefore, declared to be the god who was best entitled to the worship of all.]

2) Name of the sage Jamadagni.

3) An epithet of Śukra.

4) The planet Venus.

5) A cliff, precipice; कृत्वा पुंवत्पातमुच्चैर्मृगुभ्यः (kṛtvā puṃvatpātamuccairmṛgubhyaḥ) Śi.4.23; भृगुपतनकारणमपृच्छम् (bhṛgupatanakāraṇamapṛccham) Dk.

6) Table-land, the level summit of a mountain.

7) Name of Kṛṣṇa.

8) An epithet of Śiva.

9) Friday.

Derivable forms: bhṛguḥ (भृगुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhṛgu (भृगु).—(1) name of a cakravartin: Mahāvyutpatti 3573; (2) name of an attendant on the four direction-rulers: Mahāsamājasūtra Waldschmidt, Kl. Sanskrit Texte 4, 173.10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhṛgu (भृगु).—m.

(-guḥ) 1. The name of a celebrated Muni, and one of the ten Brahmadikas or Prajapatis, the sons of Brahma, and first created of beings. 2. A name of Siva. 3. Sukra, the regent of Venus. 4. A precipice. 5. Table land, the level summit of a mountain. 6. The Rishi Jamadagni, the father of Parasurama and grandson of the Muni Bhrigu. E. bhrasj to fry, (in religious fervour,) Unadi aff. ku; ra is changed to ṛ, the sa rejected, and the final ja becomes ga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhṛgu (भृगु).—m. 1. The name of a Muni, Chr. 17, 29. 2. Jamadagni. 3. Śiva. 4. Śukra. 5. A cliff, a precipice. 6. Table-land. 7. pl. The descendants of Bhṛgu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhṛgu (भृगु).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a mythical race of beings, [masculine] sgl. [Name] of an ancient Ṛṣi regarded as their ancestor.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Bhṛgu (भृगु) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—astronomer. Quoted in Nāradī Saṃhitā W. p. 257, by Vasantarāja W. p. 267, by Keśavārka Oxf. 336^b, in Mārtaṇḍavallabhā and Muhūrtacintāmaṇi. See Bhārgavamuhūrta, Bhārgavasūtra, Bhṛgusaṃhitā.
—as a medical authority. Quoted Oxf. 317^b. 358^a.
—on dharma. See Bhṛgusmṛti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhṛgu (भृगु):—m. [plural] (√bhrāj) Name of a mythical race of beings (closely connected with fire, which they find [Ṛg-veda x, 46, 2] and bring to men [i, 58, 6; 195, 2] or enclose in wood [vi, 15, 2] or put in the navel of the world [i, 143, 4]; or which is brought to them and first kindled by Mātari-śvan [i, 60, 1; iii, 5, 10]; they are also said to fabricate chariots [iv, 16, 20] and are mentioned together with the Aṅgirasas, Atharvans, Ṛbhus, Maruts, Druhyus etc. cf. [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska v, 5]; in [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi] 12 Bhṛgus are enumerated among gods; cf. [Greek] οἱ Φλεγύαι), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kauśika-sūtra]

2) Name of one of the chief Brāhmanical families (to which the Aitaśāyanas are said to belong), [Ṛg-veda ([especially] vii, 18, 6; viii, 3,9 etc.); Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Purāṇa]

3) sg. Name of a Ṛṣi regarded as the ancestor of the Bhṛgus, [Atharva-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] (he has the [patronymic] Vāruṇi and is the supposed author of [Ṛg-veda ix, 65; x, 19]; he is enumerated among the 10 Maharṣis created by the first Manu, [Manu-smṛti i, 35]; cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 46 etc.])

4) of a son of Kavi, [Mahābhārata]

5) of one of the Prajā-patis produced from Brahmā skin, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

6) of one of the 7 sages, [Harivaṃśa]

7) of the father of Cyavana and 6 other sons, [Mahābhārata]

8) of the f° of Dhātṛ and Vidhātṛ, [Purāṇa]

9) of the f° of Śrī (by Khyāti), [ib.]

10) of the author of a Dharma-śāstra (cf. bhṛgu-smṛti), [Manu-smṛti i, 59]

11) of an astronomer, [Catalogue(s)] (cf. bhṛgu-saṃhitā)

12) of a medical authority, [ib.]

13) of the Ṛṣi Jamad-agni or his son, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) of Śukra or the planet Venus (called either Bhṛgu or the son of Bh°; his day is Friday), [Sūryasiddhānta; Varāha-mihira]

15) of Kṛṣṇa or of Rudra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) of a son of Artha-pati and uncle of the poet Bāṇa, [Vāsavadattā, [Introduction]]

17) of the top of the mountain Bhṛgu-tuṅga, [Catalogue(s)]

18) a declivity, slope, precipice, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi] (cf. bhṛgu-patana).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of bhrigu or bhrgu in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: