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Kadru, aka: Kadrū; 3 Definition(s)


Kadru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Kadrū (कद्रू).—A daughter of Dakṣa, wife of Tārkṣyā, and mother of Nāgas, including Kāliya:1 according to bṛahmāṇḍa vi., vā., and mastya p. Consort of Kāśyapa;2 known for anger.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 8; VI. 6. 21-2; X. 17. 4, 73.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 57; 7. 31, 467; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 2 & 38; 146. 19 & 22; 171. 29 & 63; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 55; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 125.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 94.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kadru (कद्रु) and Vinatā, daughters of Dakṣa Prajāpati, are married to sage Kaśyapa. Once, Kaśyapa tells them to ask for a boon. Kadru asks for a thousand sons in the form of nāga, snakes, having equal extraordinary force. Vinatā asks for only two children whose parākrama “prowess” should be equal to that of the thousand snakes of Kadru. Kadru did not appreciate it.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Kadru was a daughter of Daksha, who married the sage Kashyapa and gave birth to the Nagas (snake). Once, her sons had displeased her by refusing to do her bidding, so she cursed them to die by ordeal of fire. It is mentioned in the Mahabharata that there is a counter measure available for all curses, except those uttered by one's mother. Accordingly, when the great anti-snake sacrifice was performed by Janamejaya, to avenge the snake-bit death of his father Parikshit, nearly all the snakes perished in the sacrificial fire. Only Takshaka, their king and a few other snakes were spared at the end to continue the line of Nagas.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Relevant definitions

Search found 11 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śeṣa (शेष).—Name of a Nāga mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—The aged Śeṣa bears the wide-spread earth at ...
Vinatā (विनता) and Kadru, daughters of Dakṣa Prajāpati, are married to sage Kaśyapa. Once, Kaśy...
Nāga (नाग).—Originally Bhāraśiva Nāgas were the inhabitants of Padmāvatī, Kāntipurī and Vidiśā....
Arjuna (अर्जुन) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancien...
Vāsuki (वासुकि).—Serpent deity (nāga) of the eastern cremation ground.—In the Śmaśānavidhi 5, V...
Kashyapa II (1350-1270 BCE) (Mahakashyapa, the disciple of Buddha was Kashyapa I) lived 500 yea...
1a) Kāliya (कालिय).—A chief of the Krodhavaśa group of serpents. Got into a pool of the Y...
1a) Tārkṣya (तार्क्ष्य).—(also Tārkṣa)—see Garuḍa.1 Married four daughters of Dakṣ...
Anūru (अनूरु).—(Aruṇa) a son of Tārkṣya and Kadrū. Charioteer of the sun.** Bhāgavata-pur...
Adisesha is the thousand headed serpent on which Lord Vishnu reposes in Vaikunta. Adisesha f...
Gajakacchapa (गजकच्छप) is found as a sculpture at the temple of Lokeśvara, north entrance, east...

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