Devesha, Deveśa, Deva-isha: 9 definitions


Devesha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Deveśa can be transliterated into English as Devesa or Devesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Deveśa (देवेश) refers to “Lord of Devas” and is an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] getting up in the Brāhma-muhūrta within an hour before dawn one shall remember Śiva accompanied by his consort. With palms joined in great devotion and head bent down he shall offer prayers. O lord of Devas (Deveśa), get up, get up. O lord stationed in the heart, get up. O lord of Umā, get up. Confer your auspicious blessings on the entire universe. I know what is virtuous, but I am not inclined to work it up. I know what is unrighteous but I am unable to desist from it. O Mahādeva, I do everything as prompted by you, stationed in my heart. After repeating these words of prayer and remembering the sandals of the preceptor he shall go out to the southern direction for answering the calls of nature”.

2) Deveśa (देवेश) is the name of a leader of Gaṇas (Gaṇapa or Gaṇeśvara or Gaṇādhipa) who came to Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.20. Accordingly, after Śiva decided to become the friend of Kubera:—“[...] The leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there. [...] Nīla, Deveśa and Pūrṇabhadra each with ninety crores and the strong Caturvaktra with seven crores. [...]”.

These [viz., Deveśa] and other leaders of Gaṇas [viz., Gaṇapas] were all powerful (mahābala) and innumerable (asaṃkhyāta). [...] The Gaṇa chiefs and other noble souls of spotless splendour eagerly reached there desirous of seeing Śiva. Reaching the spot they saw Śiva, bowed to and eulogised him.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Deveśa (देवेश) refers to “lord of the demigods, a name for Śrī Kṛṣṇa”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Deveśa (देवेश) refers to the “lord of the gods”, according to the Kularatnoddyota verse 2.12-20.—Accordingly, “O one of good vows, I have talked about Ādinātha and the goddess who originates from his body. When he had enacted this most excellent union with her and externalized all the Kramamaṇḍala from his body, the lord of the gods (deveśa) worshipped it. (He did so) along with the mantras and Vidyās and (their) limbs with heaps of the aforementioned sacrificial substances as divine offerings and with lamps of many forms fed by the Great Clarified Butter (made from human fat). (He also made) food offerings born from the energy of his will, (with many kinds of) human flesh, divine offerings of flowers and tasty food, (each offered) separately”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Deveśa (देवेश).—an epithet of (1) Indra. (2) Śiva. (3) Viṣṇu. (4) Brahman.

-śī Name of Durgā also of Devakī mother of Kṛṣṇa.

Derivable forms: deveśaḥ (देवेशः).

Deveśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and īśa (ईश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Deveśa (देवेश).—m. the lord of the gods, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 63, 3.

Deveśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and īśa (ईश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Deveśa (देवेश).—[masculine] the same (also Brahman, Viṣṇu & Śiva), prince, king; [feminine] ī [Epithet] of Durgā & Devakī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Deveśa (देवेश):—[from deva] m. ‘chief of the g°’, Name of Brahmā or Viṣṇu or Śiva or Indra, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

2) [v.s. ...] king, prince, [Mahābhārata xiii, 1832]

[Sanskrit to German]

Devesha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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