Agnika, Agnikā, Āgnika: 15 definitions


Agnika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Agnika (अग्निक) is the name of a leader of Gaṇas (Gaṇapa or Gaṇeśvara or Gaṇādhipa) who came to Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.20. Accordingly, after Śiva decided to become the friend of Kubera:—“[...] The leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there. [...] Agnika with a hundred crores, Abhimukha with a crore, Ādityamūrdhā and Dhanāvaha each with a crore. [...]”.

These [viz., Agnika] and other leaders of Gaṇas [viz., Gaṇapas] were all powerful (mahābala) and innumerable (asaṃkhyāta). [...] The Gaṇa chiefs and other noble souls of spotless splendour eagerly reached there desirous of seeing Śiva. Reaching the spot they saw Śiva, bowed to and eulogised him.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Agnikā (अग्निका).—One of the three daughters of Vikrāntā; originator of the Āgneya gaṇa of the Gandharvas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 21-23.
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Agnika (अग्निक) is mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly, as one king of the Vetālas reported to the god Mahākāla in the presence of the Yoginī Śarabhānanā: “... See, O master, the chiefs of the Vidyādharas have killed our commander-in-chief, named Agnika, and one named Tejaḥprabha is swiftly carrying off his lovely daughter”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Agnika, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)

Agnika (अग्निक) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Mahālakṣmī they preside over Kolāgiri: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra. Their weapon is the śakti and their abode is the top of the mountain [or the karañja-tree]. Note: in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18), the Kṣetrepāla presiding over Kollagiri is mentioned as Agnikamukha [or Mahāvrata].

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Agnika (अग्निक) or simply Agni from Vasantapura was known as Jamadagni, according to chapter 6.4 [subhūma-cakravartin-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Now, Ṛṣabhanātha had a son Kuru, after whom Kurudeśa was named. He had a son Hastin, after whom Hāstinapura was named, the native land of Tīrthakṛts and cakrins. Anantavīrya, belonging to this line, was king there, long-armed. Now, in the town Vasantapura in Bharatakṣetra there was a youth, Agnika, whose family had perished completely. One day he left that place for another country and, wandering about without a caravan, he came to a hermitage. The abbot, Jana, received Agni like a son and he received the name of Jamadagni among the people. Practicing severe penance, like a visible fire, because of his splendor hard to bear he became known throughout the world. [...]”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Agnika (अग्निक).—[agnivat kāyati prakāśate; kai-ka] Name of an insect, coccinella.

Derivable forms: agnikaḥ (अग्निकः).

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Āgnika (आग्निक).—a. (- f.) [अग्नेरिदं बा° ठक् (agneridaṃ bā° ṭhak)] Belonging to the sacrificial fire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agnika (अग्निक).—m.

(-kaḥ) An insect of a scarlet color, the lady-bird. E. agni fire and ka aff. resembling fire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agnika (अग्निक).—[-agni + ka]. A substitute for -agni at the end of many comp. adj.: e. g. sa-, adj., with Agni.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgnika (आग्निक).—[feminine] ī belonging to fire or to the fire sacrifice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Agnika (अग्निक):—[from agni] m. a plant, probably Semecarpus Anacardium

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of serpent, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] an insect of scarlet colour, Coccinella

4) [v.s. ...] n. the Acayou-nut, [Suśruta]

5) Āgnika (आग्निक):—[from āgnāpauṣṇa] mf(ī)n. belonging to the preparation of the sacrificial fire, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agnika (अग्निक):—m.

(-kaḥ) An insect of a scarlet color, the lady-bird. E. agni, taddh. aff. kan (resembling fire).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agnika (अग्निक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. An insect of a scarlet colour, the lady-bird.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Agnika (अग्निक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aggia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Agnika in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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