Mahesha, Maheśa, Maha-isha: 16 definitions
Mahesha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Maheśa can be transliterated into English as Mahesa or Mahesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Mahesh.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
This Maheśa (Mahēśa) has one face set with three eyes, the head adorned with a jaṭā-makuṭa, four arms, and is standing on a padmāsana. In tho of his hands are the mṛga and the paraśu and the remaining two hands are held in the abhaya and the varada poses. The Līlāmūrtis of the Maheśa are twenty-five in number and they are:—
- Dakṣiṇā-mūrti and
Again, from Maheśvara were produced the following:
- Rudradeva who is a thousandth portion of Maheśa;
- Viṣṇu who is one part out of a crore of Rudra;
- Brahmā who is one part out of a crore of Viṣṇu
- and the three luminaries the sun, the moon and the fire, from the three eyes of Maheśa;
- the wind from his nose; jñāna fro mhis mouth; Gaṇeśa from his neck;
- Ṣaṇmukha from his chest;
- fifty crores (!) of divine beings from his navel;
- and several crores (!) of ṛṣis from his hair.
(Note on crore—from Hindi karoṛ, based on Sanskrit koṭi ‘ten millions’.)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Maheśa (महेश).—An incarnation of Śiva. When once Vetāla, his gatekeeper was born on earth, Śiva and Pārvatī incarnated as Maheśa and Śāradā on earth. (Śatarudra Saṃhitā, Śiva Purāṇa).Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Maheśa (महेश) is an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On arrival there, after paying respects to the lord [Śiva] with great excitement we lauded Him with various hymns with palms joined in reverence. The Devas said: [...] Obeisance to Thee, O lord, from whom the mobile and the immobile beings have originated. Obeisance to the great Puruṣa, Maheśa, the supreme Īśa and the great Ātman”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Maheśa (महेश).—From the 1/1000 part of Karmeśa comes Maheśa, to whom the functions of creation, sustenance, absorption concealment and grace are ascribed. He is known in different forms.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Maheśa (महेश) or Maheśarasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 10, Śūla: pain in the belly). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.
Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., maheśa-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
mahēśa (महेश) [or महेश्वर, mahēśvara].—m S Shiva, the third deity of the Hindu triad.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
mahēśa (महेश).—m śiva the third deity of the Hindu traid.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Maheśa (महेश).—Name of Śiva; महेशस्त्वां धत्ते शिरसि रसराजस्य जयिनीम् (maheśastvāṃ dhatte śirasi rasarājasya jayinīm) Udb. °बन्धुः (bandhuḥ) the Bilva tree.
Derivable forms: maheśaḥ (महेशः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-śaḥ) Siva. E. maha great, īśa lord or god.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Maheśa (महेश).—[masculine] the great lord or god, [Epithet] of Śiva; a man’s name.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Maheśa (महेश) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Candrapati, younger brother of Bhagīratha Megha (Dravyaprakāśikā). Hall. p. 66.
Maheśa has the following synonyms: Mahādeva.
2) Maheśa (महेश):—son of Kāśīnātha, brother of Rājendra and Rāghavendra. W. p. 159.
3) Maheśa (महेश):—son of Candrapati, brother of Bhagīratha Megha (Dravyaprakāśikā) and Dāmodara. Hall. p. 66.
Maheśa has the following synonyms: Mahādeva.
4) Maheśa (महेश):—father of Kṣemakarṇa (Rāgamālā 1570). Oxf. 201^b.
5) Maheśa (महेश):—lexicographer. Mentioned by Keśava in Kalpadru. Oxf. 189^b.
6) Maheśa (महेश):—Prayogacintāmaṇi [grammatical]
7) Maheśa (महेश):—Suvarṇamuktāvivāda.
8) Maheśa (महेश):—Smṛtisāra. Vyavasthāsārasaṃgraha from the author’s Smṛtisārasaṃgraha.
9) Maheśa (महेश):—pupil of Nārāyaṇatīrtha: Rāmāyaṇatattvadīpikā.
Maheśa has the following synonyms: Maheśvaratīrtha.
10) Maheśa (महेश):—Kulapañjikā.
11) Maheśa (महेश):—Dhātumālā.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Maheśa (महेश):—[from mahā > mah] a m. ‘great lord or god’, Name of Śiva, [Cāṇakya]
2) [v.s. ...] of a Buddhist deity, [Horace H. Wilson]
3) [v.s. ...] of various authors and other men (also with kavi, ṭhakkura, bhaṭṭi and miśra), [Catalogue(s)]
4) b svara etc. See p.802col.2
5) Māheśa (माहेश):—[from māhā] a m. ([from] maheśa) one of the Mānavaughas (q.v.), [Catalogue(s)]
6) b śvara See [column]2.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Maheśa (महेश):—[mahe-śa] (śaḥ) 1. m. Shiva.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Maheśa (महेश):—[(mahā + īśa)] m.
1) der grosse Herr, Gott [WILSON, Sel. Works 1, 244.] Beiname Śiva’s [Spr. 4710.] [MUIR, Stenzler 2, 446.] liṅga [KṢITĪŚ. 25, 16.] netra Bez. der Zahl drei [Śrutabodha 36.] — b) Nomen proprium einer buddhistischen Gottheit [WILSON, Sel. Works 2, 17.] — c) Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer [Oxforder Handschriften 189,b, No. 433. 201,b, No. 481. 261,a,13] [?(Weber’s Verzeichniss 159,4). HALL 66. 202.] — Vgl. māheśa .
--- OR ---
Māheśa (माहेश):—(von maheśa)
1) m. unter den Mānavaugha [Oxforder Handschriften 101,b,9.] Wohl fehlerhaft für māheśī . —
2) f. ī Beiname der Durgā [Devīpurāṇa 45 im Śabdakalpadruma]
--- OR ---
Maheśa (महेश):—Z. 3 lies
2) st. b); Z. 4 lies
3) st. c).
3) tīrtha [Rāmāyaṇa] ed. [SCHL. I, XXXI.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Maheśa (महेश):—m. —
1) der grosse Herr , Gott. —
2) Beiname Śiva's. —
3) Nomen proprium — a) einer buddhistischen Gottheit. — b) verschiedener Männer.
--- OR ---
1) m. unter den Mānavaugha. —
2) f. ī Beiname der Durgā.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Maheśa (महेश) [Also spelled mahesh]:—(nm) Lord Shiv; ~[śvara] see [maheśa].
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+4): Mahesha bhatta, Mahesha kavi, Mahesha mishra, Mahesha pancanana, Mahesha thakkura, Maheshabandhu, Maheshacandra, Maheshakhya, Maheshakhyata, Maheshalinga, Maheshamahotsava, Maheshamangala, Maheshamurti, Maheshana, Maheshanabandhu, Maheshanandin, Maheshanarayana, Maheshanetra, Maheshani, Maheshaparpati.
Ends with: Manimahesha.
Full-text (+68): Maheshabandhu, Kileshvara, Kshemakarna, Maheshana, Maheshi, Maheshanandin, Maheshasamhita, Maheshanarayana, Maheshacandra, Maheshatirtha, Mahesha mishra, Maheshalinga, Maheshanetra, Mahesha thakkura, Mahesha pancanana, Sadacaracandrodaya, Acaracandrodaya, Candrapati, Manimahesha, Malamasasarini.
Search found 25 books and stories containing Mahesha, Mahā-īśa, Maha-isa, Maha-isha, Mahe-śa, Mahe-sa, Mahe-sha, Maheśa, Mahesa, Mahēśa, Māheśa; (plurals include: Maheshas, īśas, isas, ishas, śas, sas, shas, Maheśas, Mahesas, Mahēśas, Māheśas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 10 - The Glory of Kuṭumbikeśvara < [Section 1 - Avantīkṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 35 - Pārvatī as Śabarī Brings Back Śiva: Śiva’s Coronation < [Section 1 - Kedāra-khaṇḍa]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 1.4.7 < [Chapter 4 - Bhakta (the devotee)]
Verse 1.3.36 < [Chapter 3 - Prapañcātīta (beyond the Material Plane)]
Verse 2.3.70 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana (loving service)]
Jnaneshwari (Bhavartha Dipika) (by Ramchandra Keshav Bhagwat)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 1 - The inquiry of the sages < [Section 2.1 - Rudra-saṃhitā (1): Sṛśṭi-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 21 - The Incarnation and the story of Maheśa < [Section 3 - Śatarudra-saṃhitā]
Chapter 15 - The idol of Śiva for worship < [Section 6 - Kailāsa-saṃhitā]