Mahesha, aka: Maheśa, Maha-isha; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mahesha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Maheśa can be transliterated into English as Mahesa or Mahesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

[Mahesha in Shilpashastra glossaries]

This Maheśa (Mahēśa) has one face set with three eyes, the head adorned with a jaṭā-makuṭa, four arms, and is standing on a padmāsana. In tho of his hands are the mṛga and the paraśu and the remaining two hands are held in the abhaya and the varada poses. The Līlāmūrtis of the Maheśa are twenty-five in number and they are:—

  1. Chandraśekhara-mūrti,
  2. Umāsahita-mūrti,
  3. Vṛṣabhārūḍha-mūrti,
  4. Nṛtta-mūrti,
  5. Kalyāṇasundara-mūrti,
  6. Bikṣāṭana-mūrti,
  7. Kāmadahana-mūrti,
  8. Kālāntaka-mūrti,
  9. Tripurāntaka-mūrti,
  10. Jalandharavadha-mūrti,
  11. Gajāri-mūrti,
  12. Vīrabhadra-mūrti,
  13. Śaṅkara-Nārāyaṇa-mūrti,
  14. Ardhanārīśvara-mūrti,
  15. Kirāta-mūrti,
  16. Kaṅkāḷa-mūrti,
  17. Chaṇḍeśanugraha-mūrti,
  18. Viṣāpaharaṇa-mūrti,
  19. Chakradāna-mūrti,
  20. Vighneśvarānugraha-mūrti,
  21. Somāskanda-mūrti,
  22. Ekapāda-mūrti,
  23. Sukhāsana-mūrti,
  24. Dakṣiṇā-mūrti and 
  25. Liṅgodbhava-mūrti.

Again, from Maheśvara were produced the following:

  • Rudradeva who is a thousandth portion of Maheśa;
  • Viṣṇu who is one part out of a crore of Rudra;
  • Brahmā who is one part out of a crore of Viṣṇu
  • and the three luminaries the sun, the moon and the fire, from the three eyes of Maheśa;
  • the wind from his nose; jñāna fro mhis mouth; Gaṇeśa from his neck;
  • Ṣaṇmukha from his chest;
  • fifty crores (!) of divine beings from his navel;
  • and several crores (!) of ṛṣis from his hair.

(Note on crore—from Hindi karoṛ, based on Sanskrit koṭi ‘ten millions’.)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana

[Mahesha in Purana glossaries]

Maheśa (महेश).—An incarnation of Śiva. When once Vetāla, his gatekeeper was born on earth, Śiva and Pārvatī incarnated as Maheśa and Śāradā on earth. (Śatarudra Saṃhitā, Śiva Purāṇa).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Mahesha in Shaivism glossaries]

Maheśa (महेश).—From the 1/1000 part of Karmeśa comes Maheśa, to whom the functions of creation, sustenance, absorption concealment and grace are ascribed. He is known in different forms.

(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Mahesha in Marathi glossaries]

mahēśa (महेश) [or महेश्वर, mahēśvara].—m S Shiva, the third deity of the Hindu triad.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahēśa (महेश).—m śiva the third deity of the Hindu traid.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Mahesha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Maheśa (महेश).—Name of Śiva; महेशस्त्वां धत्ते शिरसि रसराजस्य जयिनीम् (maheśastvāṃ dhatte śirasi rasarājasya jayinīm) Udb. °बन्धुः (bandhuḥ) the Bilva tree.

Derivable forms: maheśaḥ (महेशः).

Maheśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and īśa (ईश). See also (synonyms): maheśāna.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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