Shami, aka: Sami, Sāmī, Sāmi, Śamī, Śami, Samī; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shami means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śamī and Śami can be transliterated into English as Sami or Shami, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Hands indicating Trees.—Śamī, the Kartarī hands interlocked,

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Śamī (शमी):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasashastra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Dharmaśāstra (religious law)

Śamī (शमी) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Acacia spigera by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considerd as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as śamī).”

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmaśāstra book cover
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Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Purāṇa

Śamī (शमी).—A king, son of Uśīnara. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Śami (शमि).—A son of Uśīnara.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 3.

1b) A son of Śoṇāśva (Śūra, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) and father of Pratikṣatra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 79-80; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 138.

1c) A son of the daughter of the Kāśi king and Satyaka.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 115.

1d) A name of Vāsudeva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 172.

2) Śamī (शमी).—A son of Śūra, and father of Pratikṣatra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 137; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 23.

3) Samī (समी).—The principal tree of the Kali age.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 1. 53.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Itihāsa (narrative history)

Śamī (शमी) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IV.5.12) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śamī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Śamī is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VIII.30.24) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihāsa (इतिहास) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Purāṇas, 2) the Mahābhārata and 3) the Rāmāyaṇa. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smṛti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to śruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Śamī (शमी)—Sanskrit word for a plant (Prosopis spicigera).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Śamī (शमी) is the name of a tree in the Atharvaveda and later. It is described in the Atharvaveda as destructive to the hair, as producing intoxication, and as broad-leaved. These characteristics are totally wanting in the two trees, Prosopis spicigera or Mimosa suma, with which the Śamī is usually identified.

(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

F (Proprietor, owner).

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Pali

sāmī : (m.) owner; load; master; husband.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sāmi, J. V, 489, read sāvi. (Page 704)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

śamī (शमी).—f S A thorny tree, Mimosa suma, Rox. 2 The leaves of it brought or considered as an offering to an idol.

--- OR ---

śamī (शमी).—a (S) Mild, pacific, tranquil, of moderated or moderate passions.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śamī (शमी).—[śam-in vā ṅīp] (śami sometimes)

1) Name of a tree (said to contain fire); अग्निगर्भां शमीमिव (agnigarbhāṃ śamīmiva) Ś.4.3; Ms.8.247; ध्रुवं स नीलोत्पलपत्रधारया शमीलतां छेत्तुमृषिर्व्यवस्यति (dhruvaṃ sa nīlotpalapatradhārayā śamīlatāṃ chettumṛṣirvyavasyati) Ś.1.18; Y. 1.32.

2) A pod, legume.

3) A particular measure.

--- OR ---

Sami (समि).—2 P.

1) To come or meet together, be united or joined with.

2) To go or come to, arrive at, approach, reach, visit, attain.

3) To encounter, meet in a hostile manner.

4) To cohabit, have sexual intercourse.

5) To enter upon, commence.

6) To agree with.

--- OR ---

Sāmi (सामि).—ind.

1) Half i.e. unfinished; अभिवीक्ष्य सामिकृतमण्डनं यतीः कररुद्धनीविगलदंशुकाः स्त्रियः (abhivīkṣya sāmikṛtamaṇḍanaṃ yatīḥ kararuddhanīvigaladaṃśukāḥ striyaḥ) Śi.13.31; R.19.16.

2) Blamable, vile, contemptible.

3) Too soon, prematurely.

4) Imperfectly. [Cf. L. semi.; Gr. hemi.]

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

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