Pancasya, Pañcāsya, Panca-asya, Pancan-asya: 10 definitions


Pancasya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchasya.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pancasya in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Pañcāsya (पञ्चास्य, “five-elements”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Pañcāsyavināyaka, Pañcāsyagaṇeśa and Pañcāsyavighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.

Pañcāsya is positioned in the Western corner of the third circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “Pishachamochan, near Tank, C 21 / 40”. Worshippers of Pañcāsya will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “the giver of good stay”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.19317, Lon. 82.59762 (or, 25°11'35.4"N, 82°35'51.4"E) (Google maps)

Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

Pañcāsya, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Pañcāsya (पञ्चास्य) is the name of a Gaṇa-chief who participated in Vīrabhadra’s campaign against Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.33. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“O Nārada, listen to the numerical strength of the most important and courageous of those groups. [...] Virūpākṣa, the lord of Gaṇas, with sixty-four crores. So also the chiefs of Gaṇas Tālaketu, Ṣaḍāsya and Pañcāsya. [...] Thus at the bidding of Śiva, the heroic Vīrabhadra went ahead followed by crores and crores, thousands and thousands, hundreds and hundreds of Gaṇas [viz., Pañcāsya]”.

2) Pañcāsya (विभूषण) refers to “one who is five-faced” and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.49 (“The delusion of Brahmā”).—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogised Śiva: “[...] Obeisance to Thee, the five-faced Rudra [e.g., pañcāsyapañcāsyāya ca rudrāya]. Obeisance to thee, with fifty crores of forms. Obeisance to thee, the lord of three deities. Obeisance to the most excellent one. Obeisance to the principle of learning. Obeisance, Obeisance to the inexpressible, the eternal, the lightning-flamed, the flame-coloured. Obeisance to lord Śiva. Obeisance, obeisance to thee stationed in the world with the form resembling a crore of lightning streaks, consisting of eight corners and very lustrous. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of pancasya in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcāsya (पञ्चास्य).—

1) a lion.

2) learned; वैद्यपञ्चाननः (vaidyapañcānanaḥ).

Pañcāsya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañca and āsya (आस्य). See also (synonyms): pañcānana, pañcamukha.

--- OR ---

Pañcāsya (पञ्चास्य).—

1) epithets of Śiva.

2) a lion (so called because its mouth is generally wide open; pañcam ānanaṃ yasya), (often used at the end of names of learned men to express great learning or respect; nyāya°, tarka° &c. e. g. jagannāthatarkapañcānana); see पञ्च (pañca) a.

3) the sign Leo of the zodiac.

- an epithet of Durgā.

Derivable forms: pañcāsyaḥ (पञ्चास्यः).

Pañcāsya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and āsya (आस्य). See also (synonyms): pañcānana, pañcamukha, pañcavaktra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcāsya (पञ्चास्य).—mf.

(-syaḥ-syā) 1. A lion. 2. Siva, E. pañca spreading, and āsya a face.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcāsya (पञ्चास्य).—[-n], I. adj. 1. having five faces. 2. having five edges, Mahābhārata 7, 1710. Ii. m. A lion.

Pañcāsya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañca and āsya (आस्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcāsya (पञ्चास्य).—[adjective] five-faced or five-pointed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcāsya (पञ्चास्य):—[from pañca] mfn. 5-faced, 5-headed, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]; 5-pointed (as an arrow), [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a lion, [Kāvya literature]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a [particular] strong medicine, [Rasaratnākara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcāsya (पञ्चास्य):—[pañcā+sya] (syaḥ) 1. m. A lion.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pancasya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of pancasya in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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