Padmanabha, Padmanābha, Padma-nabha: 15 definitions

Introduction

Padmanabha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "The Lord Who Has A Lotus Shaped Navel"

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ, “The navel which contains the universe”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Śraddhā.

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1

Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvarasaṃhitā 24.184-186.—Accordingly, “the Supreme Lord, who is like this, remains as the inner controller of all living beings, taking a form that is partless. Bhagavān who has all His desires fulfilled stays as Padmanābha in form with His power for doing His work”. These Vibhavas (eg., Padmanābha) represent the third of the five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness the Pāñcarātrins believe in.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Padmanabha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ).—One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. (See under Kauravas).

2) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ).—A serpent. This serpent resides on the shores of the river Gomatī which flows through Naimiṣāraṇya. This serpent once went to Bhīṣma and talked to him about Dharma. (Chapter 355, Śānti Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ).—Also Janārdana; the God who pervades all the worlds; lustrous as the sun and with bow as weapon.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 177-80; III. 33. 17; IV. 34. 81.

1b) A Yakṣa; a son of Devajanī and Maṇivara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 130; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 161.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Pratima Kosa Encyclopedia of Indian Iconography - Vol 6

Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ) refers to one of the many varieties of the Śālagrāma (ammonite fossil stones).—The Padmanābha has marks of lotus and parasol. Śālagrāma stones are very ancient geological specimens, rendered rounded and smooth by water-currents in a great length of time. They (eg., Padmanābha stones) are distinguished by the ammonite (śālā, described as “vajra-kīṭa”, “adamantine worms”) which having entered into them for residence, are fossilized in course of time, leaving discus-like marks inside the stone.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous (P) next»] — Padmanabha in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ).—A grammarian who wrote a treatise on grammar known as the Supadma Vyākaraņa. He is believed to have been an inhabitant of Bengal who lived in the fourteenth century A. D. Some say that he was a resident of Mithilā.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous (P) next»] — Padmanabha in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ) or Padmanābha-datta (1350-1400 C.E.) is well-known as the founder of Saupadma school of Sanskrit Grammar. He is a resident of Bhoragrāma of Mithilā (now in modern Bihar state). He is the son of Dāmodara and grandson of Śrīdatta. He was being quoted by Jayamaṅgala in his commentary on Bhaṭṭikāvya of Bhaṭṭi and also by Kavikaṇṭhahāra in his commentary on (Kalāpa) Carkarītarahasya.

2) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ) was the great grand-father of  Rūpa Gosvāmin (C. 1470-1583 C.E.): author of Aṣṭādaśachandas and erudite scholar of Indian Diaspora who has enriched the Sanskrit literature by his various compositions with the nectar of Vaiṣṇava philosophy. Rūpagosvāmin was the son of Kumāra, grandson of Mukunda, great grandson of Padmanābha and great great grandson of Rūpeśvara, who is the son of Jagadguru Niruddha. He had two brothers namely Vallabha and Sanātana. He was also the uncle of Jīvagosvāmin, son of his younger brother Vallabha. He was a resident of Rāmakeli, a village in Bengal.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (P) next»] — Padmanabha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ) is the name of an ancient king from Viśālā, according to the twenty-first story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 95. Accordingly, “... in it [Viśālā] there lived a fortunate king, named Padmanābha, who was a source to good men, and excelled King Bali. In the reign of that king there lived in that city a great merchant, named Arthadatta, who surpassed in opulence the God of Wealth”.

The story of Padmanābha is mentioned in the Vetālapañcaviṃśati (twenty-five tales of a vetāla) which is embedded in the twelfth book of the Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’). The main book is a famous Sanskrit epic detailing the exploits of prince Naravāhanadatta in his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The Kathā-sarit-sāgara is is explained to be an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā which consisted of 100,000 verses and in turn forms part of an even larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Padmanabha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

padmanābha (पद्मनाभ).—a S (Poetry.) Having a navel resembling the lotus. Ex. pa0 tiṣṭhē tyājavaḷa || saprēma kaḷavaḷa dēkhōni ||.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Padmanabha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ).—an epithet of Viṣṇu; शान्ताकारं भुजगशयनं पद्मनाभं सुरेशम् (śāntākāraṃ bhujagaśayanaṃ padmanābhaṃ sureśam).

Derivable forms: padmanābhaḥ (पद्मनाभः).

Padmanābha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms padma and nābha (नाभ). See also (synonyms): padmanābhi.

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Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ).—

1) Name of the eleventh month (reckoned from mārgaśīrṣa).

2) a magical formula spoken over weapons.

Derivable forms: padmanābhaḥ (पद्मनाभः).

Padmanābha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms padma and nābha (नाभ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ).—m.

(-bhaḥ) 1. A name of Vishnu. 2. One of the Jinas of a furture age. E. padma a lotus, and nābhi a navel, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ).—[masculine] [Epithet] of Viṣṇu (the lotus-naveled).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a disciple of Śaṅkarācārya, called later Padmapāda or Pādapadma Oxf. 227^b.

2) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—father of Śādu, grandfather of Keyadeva (Pathyāpathyavibodha). L. 2059.

3) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—father of Nārāyaṇadeva (Saṃgītanārāyaṇa). Oxf. 201^a.

4) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—later Durvāsas, son of Karuṇākara. Oxf. 148^a.

5) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—astronomer. Quoted by Bhāskara W. p. 230.

6) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—Daśakumāracaritottarapīṭhikā.

7) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—Mādhyaṃdinīyācārasaṃgrahadīpikā. Peters. 2, 187.

8) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—pupil of Lakṣmīnātha: Rāmākheṭaka kāvya.

9) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—Rukmāṅgadīya mahākāvya. P. 10.

10) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—son of Kṛṣṇadeva (Peters. 2, 195), astronomer. Whether the following tracts belong to the same author is uncertain: Karaṇakutūhalaṭīkā Nārmadī. Grahaṇasambhavādhikāra. Jñānapradīpa. Dhruvabhramaṇa and Dhruvabhramaṇayantra, parts of the Yantraratnāvalī. Dhruvabhramaṇādhikāra. Jac. 697 (here the author is called Nārmadātmaja). Bhk. 38. Bhuvanadīpa or Grahabhāvaprakāśa. Meghānayana. NW. 512. Yantraratnāvalī. Lampāka. Vyavahārapradīpa.

11) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—son of Balabhadra, brother of Govardhanamiśra and Viśvanātha: Kiraṇāvalībhāskara. Tattvacintāmaṇiparīkṣā. Tattvaprakāśikāṭīkā. Rāddhāntamuktāhāra and its
—[commentary] Kāṇādarahasya. Vardhamānendu, a
—[commentary] on Vardhamāna’s Nyāyanibandhaprakāśa. Vīrabhadradevacampū, composed in 1578. Peters. 1, 101.

12) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—son of Harinātha, father of Jayakṛṣṇa (Mahāviṣṇor Mahāstutiḥ).

13) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—son of Śrīdhara, father of Tryambaka (Śrīnivāsakāvya).

14) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—father of Madhusūdana (Anyāpadeśaśataka).

15) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—father of Yaśodhara (Rasaprakāśasudhākara).

16) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—astronomer. The following works belong to one or other Padmanābha: Jñānapradīpa or Praśnādarśa; Praśnārka; Meghānayana; Lampāka. The Karaṇakutūhalaṭīkā etc. see under Padmanābha, son of Nārmada.
—Delete Bhuvanadīpa or Grahabhāvaprakāśa.

17) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—son of Nārmada: Karaṇakutūhalaṭīkā Nārmadī. (The Grahaṇasambhavādhikāra is the tenth adhyāya of it). Yantraratnāvalī. (Parts of it are the Dhruvabhramaṇa, Dhruvabhramaṇayantra, Dhruvabhramaṇādhikāra).

18) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—son of Balabhadra: Nyāyakandalīṭīkā. Vardhamānendu, a
—[commentary] on Vardhamāna’s Kiraṇāvalīprakāśa.

19) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—son of Balabhadra: Khaṇḍanakhaṇḍakhādyaṭīkā. Setu on the Praśastapādabhāṣya.

20) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—Tattvacintāmaṇyanumānakhaṇḍaṭīkāyā Bhāvaprakāśa. Bd. 735.

21) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—pupil of Raghunātha: Padārthasaṃgraha.

22) Padmanābha (पद्मनाभ):—son of Balabhadra: Khaṇḍanakhaṇḍakhādyaṭīkā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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