Saci, Sāci, Sacī, Śacī, Sācī, Śaci, Śāci, Shaci: 26 definitions


Saci means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śacī and Śaci and Śāci can be transliterated into English as Saci or Shaci, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shachi.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Śacī (शची) refers to “the powerful one” and is the presiding deity of matta (‘ecstatic’), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Matta represents one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha). Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Śacī is one of the sixteen deities presiding over the corresponding sixteen words of the elā-prabandha, all of which are defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”): a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sācī (साची, “side-long”) also refers to a type of glance (dṛṣṭi), defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. Accordingly, the instructions for this glance are: “the eyeballs are covered by eyelashes”.

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

1) Sāci (sidelong): looking out of the corners of the eyes, without moving the head. Usage: secret purpose (ingita), twirling the moustache (self-confidence), aiming an arrow, hinting and in Kulaṭa-nāṭya.

2) A type of glance (or facial expression): Sāci (inspiring fear): looking persistently out of the corners of the eye. Usage: secret purpose.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of saci in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śacī (शची).—Daughter of Pulomā and wife of Indra. The following information about Śacī is gathered from the Mahābhārata.

It was from an aspect of Śacī that Pāñcālī, daughter of King Drupada was born. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 157).

Śacī is seated on the best throne in the assembly of Devas in the court of Indra. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7, Verse 4).

She worships Brahmā also in his court. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 11, Verse 42).

It was Śacīdevī, queen of Indra, who took Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Satyabhāmā, during their visit to Devaloka to the Devamātā. (mother of Devas). (Sabhā Parva, Dākṣiṇātyapāṭha, Chapter 38).

When Indra, afflicted by Brahmahatyā, hid himself away from Devaloka Śacīdevī was kept under the protection of Bṛhaspati. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 11, Verse 20).

While he was made Indra, Nahuṣa wanted to take Śacī for wife and she tried hard not to fall into his clutches. (See under Nahuṣa).

Śacī was present at the birth of Subrahmaṇya. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 13).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śacī (शची) refers to one of the sixteen celestial ladies (Divyanārī), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.50 (“Description of fun and frolic”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Then the sixteen celestial ladies arrived there and saw the couple [i.e., Śiva and Pārvatī] with great respect. They were Sarasvatī, Lakṣmī, Sāvitrī, Jāhnavī, Aditi, Śacī, Lopāmudrā, Arundhatī, Ahalyā, Tulasī, Svāhā, Rohiṇī, Vasundharā, Śatarūpā, Saṃjñā and Rati. There were several virgins of the gods, Nāgas, and the sages. They were charming and attractive. Who can enumerate them? [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śacī (शची).—A daughter of Puloma, consort of Indra and mother of Jayanta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 79; III 6. 23; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 22, 24.

2) Sacī (सची).—Indrāṇī, took Satyabhāmā as a human being and did not accord her due treatment; did not wish to part with pārijāta which Satya wanted; induced Indra to fight Kṛṣṇa who was taking the pārijāta.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 30. 29 and 52.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śacī (शची) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.12) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śacī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of saci in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Śacī (शची) or Indrāṇī is the wife of Indra.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

Discover the meaning of saci in the context of Kavya from relevant books on Exotic India

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Śacī (शची) refers to:—The wife of Indra. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

Discover the meaning of saci in the context of Vaishnavism from relevant books on Exotic India

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Śacī (शची) is the wife of Indra, whose iconography is described in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the image of Śakra or Indra should be golden in complexion and should wear blue garments. Along with the image of Indra, the statue of his wife Śacī is also placed. The idol of Indra should have four hands holding a lotus and an elephant goad in right hands and the vajra in the left hand. Another hand of left side should be placed behind the idol of his wife.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of saci in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Śacī (शची, “divine grace”):—She is the wife of Indra, who is the king of the gods. He is the ruler of the storm and represents the all-pervading electric energy. As a major deity in the Ṛg-veda, he also represents the cause of fertility.

Together they had three sons:

  1. Jayanta,
  2. Ṛṣabha,
  3. Mīḍhuṣa.
Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

The wife of Indra is Sachi, often simply called Indrani.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Śacī (शची): Wife of Indra, king of the gods on whom Nahusha's evil eye fell. Through the help of Brihaspati, she caused Nahusha's downfall and restored Indra as the leader of the Devas. She was also known as Indrani.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The Jaina Iconography

Śacī (शची) is the wife of Indra, one of the Dikpāla or “guardians of the quarters”, a class of deities within Jainism commonly depicted in Jaina art and iconography.—[...] Indra is the guardian of the eastern regions and his wife is called Śacī. In one text, we shall see, later on, he has been described as possessed of thousand eyes. [...]

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of saci in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Saci in Thailand is the name of a plant defined with Basella alba in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Gandola rubra Rumph. ex L. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (1785)
· Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. (1844)
· Prodr. (1849)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2001)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2006)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2008)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Saci, for example side effects, health benefits, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of saci in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaci (शचि) or Śacī (शची).—f. Name of the wife of Indra; असूत पुत्रं समये शचीसमा (asūta putraṃ samaye śacīsamā) R.3.13.23.

-cī Ved.

1) Speech, eloquence.

2) Activity, energy.

3) Power, strength.

4) A holy or pious act; devotion.

Derivable forms: śaciḥ (शचिः).

--- OR ---

Śāci (शाचि).—a.

1) Distinguished, renowned.

2) Strong, powerful.

--- OR ---

Saci (सचि).—

1) A friend.

2) Friendship; intimacy. -f. The wife of Indra; see शची (śacī).

Derivable forms: saciḥ (सचिः).

--- OR ---

Sacī (सची).—See शची (śacī).

--- OR ---

Sāci (साचि).—ind. Obliquely, crookedly, awry, in a sidelong manner; साचि लोचनयुगं नमयन्ती (sāci locanayugaṃ namayantī) Kirātārjunīya 9.44;1.57.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saci (सचि).—(or, v.l., saca, q.v.), if, m.c. for sace(t): Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 448.5, 7, and ff.; Sukhāvatīvyūha 22.3, 7, 11 and ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaci (शचि).—f. (-ciḥ or -cī) 1. The wife of Indra. 2. A plant, (Asparagus racemosus.) 3. The astronomical Karana or period or Vishti. E. śac to speak articulately, aff. in, ṅīṣ optionally added; also saci, and sacī .

--- OR ---

Saci (सचि).—m.

(-ciḥ) 1. Friendship, intimacy, connection. 2. A friend. f. (-ciḥ or ) The wife of Indra. E. ṣaca to be connected, aff. in and ṅīṣ optionally added; also śaci and śacī .

--- OR ---

Sāci (साचि).—Ind. Crookedly, awry, bent, obliquely. E. ṣac to collect, iṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaci (शचि).—śackī (vb. śak, cf. śakra), f. 1. The wife of Indra, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 54, 26 (ī). 2. , Strength, Chr. 296, 8 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 8.

Śaci can also be spelled as Śacī (शची).

--- OR ---

Saci (सचि).—[sac + i], m. Friendship.

--- OR ---

Sāci (साचि).—i. e. loc. sing. of sa -añc, adv. Crookedly, awary, [Kirātārjunīya] 10, 57.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śacī (शची).—[feminine] might or help, personif. as the wife of Indra.

--- OR ---

Śāci (शाचि).—[masculine] [plural] grains, grit.

--- OR ---

Saci (सचि).—[adverb] together, at once.

--- OR ---

Sāci (साचि).—1. [adjective] crooked, oblique; °— [adverb]

--- OR ---

Sāci (साचि).—2. [adjective] following, accompanying.

--- OR ---

Saci (सचि).—pile up, arrange, prepare, gather, accumulate. — Cf. apacita, ā/cita, upacita, 1 nicita, 1 paricita, pracita, samupacita, sa/cita.

Saci is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and ci (चि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaci (शचि):—[from śac] ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) f. Name of the wife of Indra (= śacī).

2) Śacī (शची):—[from śac] f. the rendering of powerful or mighty help, assistance, aid ([especially] said of the deeds of Indra and the Aśvins, [instrumental case] śacyā and śacībhis, often = ‘mightily’ or, ‘helpfully’), [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] kindness, favour, grace, [ib.; Atharva-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] skill, dexterity, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] speech, power of speech, eloquence, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of Indra (derived [from] śacī-pati q.v.), [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] of the authoress of [Ṛg-veda x, 159] (having the [patronymic] Paulomi), [Anukramaṇikā]

8) [v.s. ...] Asparagus Racemosus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] a kind of coitus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Śāci (शाचि):—1. śāci m. [plural] (perhaps connected with 2. śāka) barley or other grain which has the husk removed and is coarsely ground, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] ([Mahīdhara])

11) 2. śāci ([probably] [from] √śac = śak), and having the sense of ‘strong’ in the following compounds.

12) Saci (सचि):—[from sac] ind. together, along with, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

13) Sacī (सची):—[from sac] etc. See śacī, p.1048.

14) Sāci (साचि):—[from sāc] 1. sāci mfn. following, accompanying, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

15) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Agni, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) 2. sāci ind. (perhaps [from] 7. sa + añc) crookedly, away, obliquely, sideways, askance, [Ṛg-veda x, 142, 2 (?); Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa; Kirātārjunīya]

17) Sācī (साची):—[from sāci] in [compound] for 2. sāci.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaci (शचि):—[(ciḥ-cī)] 2. 3. f. The wife of Indra; asparagus; the astronomical period Vishti.

2) Saci (सचि):—[(ciḥ-cī)] 2. 3. f. The wife of Indra; friendship.

3) Sāci (साचि):—adv. Crookedly, awry.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śacī (शची) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Saī, Sāi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saci in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of saci in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śaci (ಶಚಿ):—[noun] name of the wife of Indra.

--- OR ---

Saci (ಸಚಿ):—

1) [noun] an intimate companion; a friend.

2) [noun] the relation that exists between two friends; friendship.

3) [noun] Śaci, wife of Indra, the lord of gods.

--- OR ---

Sāci (ಸಾಚಿ):—

1) [noun] the look or the aspect of an object as seen from one of its sides; a side view.

2) [noun] a figure or painting that depicts either of the two sides (not the frontage) of an object.

3) [noun] (dance.) a looking at an object with the eye-balls covered by eye-lashes.

--- OR ---

Sāci (ಸಾಚಿ):—[noun] in a crooked manner; not in a straight manner.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of saci in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Śaci (ஶசி) noun < Śacī. Indrāṇī. wife of Indra; இந்திராணி. [inthirani.]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

Discover the meaning of saci in the context of Tamil from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: