Saci, aka: Sāci, Sacī, Śacī, Shaci, Sācī, Śaci, Śāci; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Saci means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śacī and Śaci and Śāci can be transliterated into English as Saci or Shaci, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shachi.

In Hinduism

Purana

Śacī (शची).—Daughter of Pulomā and wife of Indra. The following information about Śacī is gathered from the Mahābhārata.

It was from an aspect of Śacī that Pāñcālī, daughter of King Drupada was born. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 157).

Śacī is seated on the best throne in the assembly of Devas in the court of Indra. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7, Verse 4).

She worships Brahmā also in his court. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 11, Verse 42).

It was Śacīdevī, queen of Indra, who took Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Satyabhāmā, during their visit to Devaloka to the Devamātā. (mother of Devas). (Sabhā Parva, Dākṣiṇātyapāṭha, Chapter 38).

When Indra, afflicted by Brahmahatyā, hid himself away from Devaloka Śacīdevī was kept under the protection of Bṛhaspati. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 11, Verse 20).

While he was made Indra, Nahuṣa wanted to take Śacī for wife and she tried hard not to fall into his clutches. (See under Nahuṣa).

Śacī was present at the birth of Subrahmaṇya. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 13).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Śacī (शची).—A daughter of Puloma, consort of Indra and mother of Jayanta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 79; III 6. 23; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 22, 24.

2) Sacī (सची).—Indrāṇī, took Satyabhāmā as a human being and did not accord her due treatment; did not wish to part with pārijāta which Satya wanted; induced Indra to fight Kṛṣṇa who was taking the pārijāta.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 30. 29 and 52.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Śacī (शची) refers to “the powerful one” and is the presiding deity of matta (‘ecstatic’), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Matta represents one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha). Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Śacī is one of the sixteen deities presiding over the corresponding sixteen words of the elā-prabandha, all of which are defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”): a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Sācī (साची, “side-long”) also refers to a type of glance (dṛṣṭi), defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. Accordingly, the instructions for this glance are: “the eyeballs are covered by eyelashes”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Sāci (sidelong): looking out of the corners of the eyes, without moving the head. Usage: secret purpose (ingita), twirling the moustache (self-confidence), aiming an arrow, hinting and in Kulaṭa-nāṭya.

2) A type of glance (or facial expression): Sāci (inspiring fear): looking persistently out of the corners of the eye. Usage: secret purpose.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Katha (narrative stories)

Śacī (शची) or Indrāṇī is the wife of Indra.

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Śacī (शची) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.12) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śacī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Śacī (शची, “divine grace”):—She is the wife of Indra, who is the king of the gods. He is the ruler of the storm and represents the all-pervading electric energy. As a major deity in the Ṛg-veda, he also represents the cause of fertility.

Together they had three sons:

  1. Jayanta,
  2. Ṛṣabha,
  3. Mīḍhuṣa.
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

The wife of Indra is Sachi, often simply called Indrani.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Śacī (शची): Wife of Indra, king of the gods on whom Nahusha's evil eye fell. Through the help of Brihaspati, she caused Nahusha's downfall and restored Indra as the leader of the Devas. She was also known as Indrani.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaci (शचि) or Śacī (शची).—f. Name of the wife of Indra; असूत पुत्रं समये शचीसमा (asūta putraṃ samaye śacīsamā) R.3.13.23.

-cī Ved.

1) Speech, eloquence.

2) Activity, energy.

3) Power, strength.

4) A holy or pious act; devotion.

Derivable forms: śaciḥ (शचिः).

--- OR ---

Śāci (शाचि).—a.

1) Distinguished, renowned.

2) Strong, powerful.

--- OR ---

Saci (सचि).—

1) A friend.

2) Friendship; intimacy. -f. The wife of Indra; see शची (śacī).

Derivable forms: saciḥ (सचिः).

--- OR ---

Sacī (सची).—See शची (śacī).

--- OR ---

Sāci (साचि).—ind. Obliquely, crookedly, awry, in a sidelong manner; साचि लोचनयुगं नमयन्ती (sāci locanayugaṃ namayantī) Ki.9.44;1.57.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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