Danu, aka: Dānu; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Danu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Danu in Purana glossaries]

Danu (दनु) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Danu) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

(Source): Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1) Danu (दनु).—General information. Danu, the daughter of Dakṣa was married to Kaśyapa Prajāpati. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata that the Dānavas (demons) were born from Danu. Sons. One hundred sons were born to Danu. The following are the important among them.

Vipracitti 3. Namuci

Śibara 4. Pulomā

Asilomā 20. Aśvagrīvan

Keśi 21. Sūkṣma

Durjaya 22. Tuhuṇḍa

Ayaśśiras 23. Ekapād

Aśvaśiras 24. Ekacakra

Aśvaśaṅku 25. Virūpākṣa

Garga 26. Harihara

Amūrdhā 27. Nicandra

Vegavān 28. Nikumbha

Ketumān 29. Kapaṭa

Svarbhānu 30. Śarabha

Aśva 31. Śalabha

Aśvapati 32. Sūrya

Vṛṣaparvan 33. Candra.

Ajaka

(This sun and the moon (Sūrya and Candra) are not the planets).

From the sons named above ten families of Dānavas (asuras) arose. The founders of the families are mentioned below:

Ekākṣa 6. Tapana

Amṛtapa 7. Śara

Pralamba 8. Mahāhanu

Naraka 9. Garviṣṭha

Vātāpi 10. Dīrghajihva

All the dānavas or Asuras belong to one of these ten families. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 65). (See full article at Story of Danu from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Danu (दनु).—A King. Two sons Rambha and Karambha were born to this king. (See Karambha).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Danu (दनु).—A son of Kāśyapa and Diti; appointed Purohita.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 9. 3.

1b) 61 days and nights.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 186.

1c) A son of Angirasa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 105.

1d) Known for Māyā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 93.

1e) One of Kaśyapa's wives and a daughter of Dakṣa. Had Dvimūrdhā and sixty other sons;1 Māyāśitā;2 also mother of 100 sons of whom Vipracitti was the chief; mother of the Dānavas; a mother-goddess.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 25; 29-31; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 55; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 124.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56; 6. 1-2; 7. 466.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 1 and 16; 146. 18; 171. 29 and 58; 179. 19.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Danu in Itihasa glossaries]

Danu (दनु) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.12, I.65). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Danu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Danu in Theravada glossaries]

Mother of the Asuras, who are, therefore, called Danava (Abhidhanappadipika, p.14).

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Danu in Sanskrit glossaries]

Danu (दनु).—f. Name of one of the daughters of Dakṣa given in marriage to Kaśyapa and mother of the Dānavas. -m. Name of a monster, son of Śrī, cursed by Indra and killed by Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa. He had a headless trunk, and hence called दनुकबन्ध (danukabandha).

Derivable forms: danuḥ (दनुः).

--- OR ---

Dānu (दानु).—a. [dā-nu]

1) Valiant.

2) Conquering, destroying.

-nuḥ 1 A donor.

2) Prosperity.

3) Satisfaction.

4) Air, wind.

5) A demon. -n.

1) A gift.

2) A fluid, drop.

--- OR ---

Dānu (दानु).—&c. See under दा ().

See also (synonyms): dāka, dāti, dātṛ, dāna.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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