Danu, Dānu: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Danu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Danu (दनु) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Danu) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Danu (दनु).—General information. Danu, the daughter of Dakṣa was married to Kaśyapa Prajāpati. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata that the Dānavas (demons) were born from Danu. Sons. One hundred sons were born to Danu. The following are the important among them.

Vipracitti 3. Namuci

Śibara 4. Pulomā

Asilomā 20. Aśvagrīvan

Keśi 21. Sūkṣma

Durjaya 22. Tuhuṇḍa

Ayaśśiras 23. Ekapād

Aśvaśiras 24. Ekacakra

Aśvaśaṅku 25. Virūpākṣa

Garga 26. Harihara

Amūrdhā 27. Nicandra

Vegavān 28. Nikumbha

Ketumān 29. Kapaṭa

Svarbhānu 30. Śarabha

Aśva 31. Śalabha

Aśvapati 32. Sūrya

Vṛṣaparvan 33. Candra.

Ajaka

(This sun and the moon (Sūrya and Candra) are not the planets).

From the sons named above ten families of Dānavas (asuras) arose. The founders of the families are mentioned below:

Ekākṣa 6. Tapana

Amṛtapa 7. Śara

Pralamba 8. Mahāhanu

Naraka 9. Garviṣṭha

Vātāpi 10. Dīrghajihva

All the dānavas or Asuras belong to one of these ten families. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 65). (See full article at Story of Danu from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Danu (दनु).—A King. Two sons Rambha and Karambha were born to this king. (See Karambha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Danu (दनु).—A son of Kāśyapa and Diti; appointed Purohita.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 9. 3.

1b) 61 days and nights.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 186.

1c) A son of Angirasa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 105.

1d) Known for Māyā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 93.

1e) One of Kaśyapa's wives and a daughter of Dakṣa. Had Dvimūrdhā and sixty other sons;1 Māyāśitā;2 also mother of 100 sons of whom Vipracitti was the chief; mother of the Dānavas; a mother-goddess.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 25; 29-31; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 55; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 124.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56; 6. 1-2; 7. 466.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 1 and 16; 146. 18; 171. 29 and 58; 179. 19.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Danu (दनु) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.12, I.65). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Danu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Danu (दनु) refers to one of thirteen of Dakṣa’s sixty daughters given to Kaśyapa in marriage, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gets married to Asikni, the daughter of Prajāpati Viraṇa and begot sixty daughters. [He gave thirteen daughters to Kaśyapa]. Kaśyapa’s thirteen wives are Aditi, Diti, Danu, Ariṣṭā, Surasā, Svadhā, Surabhi, Vinatā, Tamrā, Krodhavasā, Irā and Muni.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Danu (दनु) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Danu] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Danu (दनु) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Danu]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Mother of the Asuras, who are, therefore, called Danava (Abhidhanappadipika, p.14).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Danu (दनु).—f. Name of one of the daughters of Dakṣa given in marriage to Kaśyapa and mother of the Dānavas. -m. Name of a monster, son of Śrī, cursed by Indra and killed by Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa. He had a headless trunk, and hence called दनुकबन्ध (danukabandha).

Derivable forms: danuḥ (दनुः).

--- OR ---

Dānu (दानु).—a. [dā-nu]

1) Valiant.

2) Conquering, destroying.

-nuḥ 1 A donor.

2) Prosperity.

3) Satisfaction.

4) Air, wind.

5) A demon. -n.

1) A gift.

2) A fluid, drop.

--- OR ---

Dānu (दानु).—&c. See under दा ().

See also (synonyms): dāka, dāti, dātṛ, dāna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Danu (दनु).—f.

(-nuḥ) A daughter of Daksha, wife of Kasyapa, and mother of the demons or Daityas, the Titans of Hindu mythology.

--- OR ---

Dānu (दानु).—m.

(-nuḥ) 1. A donor, a giver. 2. A victor, a conqueror. 3. Prosperity. 4. Air, wind. E. to give, Unadi affix nu .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Danu (दनु).—m. and f. Proper names, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 75, 24; 2, 30, 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Danu (दनु).—[feminine] [Name] of a daughter of Dakṣa, the mother of the Dānavas.

--- OR ---

Dānu (दानु).—1. [masculine] [feminine] a class of demons.

--- OR ---

Dānu (दानु).—2. [feminine] [neuter] any dripping fluid, drop, dew; poss. mant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Danu (दनु):—f. Name of a daughter of Dakṣa (by Kaśyapa [or danāyū, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa i, 6, 3, 9]], mother of the Dānavas), [Mahābhārata i, 2520 ff.; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa iii, 20; Viṣṇu-purāṇa] etc., [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) m. Name of a son of ŚrI (also called Dānava; originally very handsome, but changed into a monster [kabandha] by Indra for having offended him), [Rāmāyaṇa iii f.]

3) Dānu (दानु):—[from ] 1. dānu mfn. liberal ([Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 32])

4) [v.s. ...] courageous, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. prosperity, contentment, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] air, wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [from ] 2. dānu mfn. valiant, victor, conqueror, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] m. a class of demons (cf. dānava), [Ṛg-veda; f., i, 54, 7; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] n. a fluid, drop, dew (nas patī m.[dual number] Name of Mitra-Varuṇa or of the Aśvins, [Ṛg-veda viii, 256; 8, 16]; cf. ārdra-, jīra-).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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