Diti, aka: Dīti; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Diti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

1) Diti (दिति, “generous, liberal”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ दित्यै नमः
oṃ dityai namaḥ.

2) Diti (दिति) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped in the northern quarter and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (eg., Diti).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana

Diti (दिति) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Diti) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Diti (दिति).—General. A daughter of Dakṣa Prajāpati. She was married to Kaśyapa, grandson of Brahmā and son of Marīci. She had many sisters, chief among whom were Aditi, Kālā, Danāyus, Danu, Siṃhikā, Krodhā, Pṛthā, Viśvā, Vinatā, Kapilā, Muni and Kadrū. Kaśyapa’s sons by Aditi became Devas (Āditeyas) and his sons by Diti became Asuras (Daityas). (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 65). (See full article at Story of Diti from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Diti (दिति).—A daughter of Dakṣa, and wife of Kaśyapa.1 Her sons generally known as Daityas. Mother of Hiraṇyākṣa and Hiraṇyakaśipu.2 Mother of Dantavaktra by the sage's curse.3 Her sons Prahlāda and Hari were devotees of Hari.4 Always set her mind on truth;5 daughter Simhikā;5 (Ādity, Vāyu-purāṇa). Finding her sons slain by Hari to help Indra, she became enraged, and asked her husband to bless her with a child to kill Indra. The unwilling husband offered it on condition of her observing certain vows for 100 years. So she observed them and Indra came to assist her. One day he found her sleeping in an unorthodox posture and entering her womb cut the embryo into seven and then into 49 pieces; but at her request he gave all of them the status of gods, known as Maruts.6 Impelled by passion and desire for children she approached her husband one evening for sexual intercourse. Kaśyapa said that it was the hour when Śivagaṇas moved about and for him, to offer the śandhya-prayer. But she persisted and gained her object. She however requested to be redeemed of the sin. Kaśyapa remarked that since she approached him at the wrong time, her sons would have paiśāca-character and would be killed by Hari. For her penitence she was blessed with a righteous child among her grandsons.7 Held the tejas in embryo for a hundred years when darkness enveloped all directions. The two door-keepers of Vaikuṇṭha cursed by seers for preventing them from having darsan of Hari were born as her two sons, when there were evil omens.8 Prayed for another son. This was Vajrānga who on his birth according to her orders bound Indra. The latter was released on the mediation of Brahmā and Kaśyapa.9 Mother of Daityas; a Mother Goddess to be worshipped in house and palace buildings10 Yoganidrā addressed as;11 sons of, in the seventh tala or Pātālam.12

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 14. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 54; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 124, 140.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 25; 18. 11; VII. 1. 39; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 1-8; Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 49.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 37.
  • 4) Ib. VI. 18. 10.
  • 5) Ib. VII. 2. 61.
  • 6) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 23-77; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 112; ch. 5 (whole); 7. 465; IV. 9. 3; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 47; ch. 7 (whole); Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 86, 135; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 30-41.
  • 7) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 14 (whole).
  • 8) Ib. VI. 15. 1-10; 16. 35; 17. 2-15.
  • 9) Matsya-purāṇa 146. 18-55; 171. 29.
  • 10) Ib. 171. 58; 179. 15; 251. 29; 253. 27; 268. 19.
  • 11) Vi V. 2. 9.
  • 12) Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 43.

1b) A Mauneya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 2.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Diti (दिति) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.12, I.65, I.61.5). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Diti) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

diti (दिति).—f S The mother of the daitya or infernal race: opp. to aditi the mother of the gods.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Diti (दिति).—f.

1) Cutting, splitting, dividing.

2) Liberality.

3) Name of a daughter of Dakṣa, wife of Kaśyapa and mother of the demons or daityas. -m. A king.

Derivable forms: ditiḥ (दितिः).

--- OR ---

Dīti (दीति).—f. Splendour, lustre.

Derivable forms: dītiḥ (दीतिः).

See also (synonyms): dīditi.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 79 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Dititanaya
Dititanaya (दितितनय).—a demon, a Rākṣasa.Derivable forms: dititanayaḥ (दितितनयः).Dititanaya is ...
Ditija
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Kashyapa
1) Kāśyapa (काश्यप) is the name of a Buddha whose “assistant” (upasthāyaka) was named Sarvamitr...
Marut
Marut (मरुत्).—m. (-rut) 1. Wind, air, or its deified personification. 2. A deity, an immortal....
Maya
Māyā (“deceit”) in Buddhism refers to one of the sixteen upakilesa (subtle defilements).
Asura
Asura (असुर) refers to a “demonic being”.—The Sura and Asura nomenclature is the one that is co...
Aditi
Aditi (अदिति).—Genealogy. Kaśyapa, grandson of Brahmā and son of Marīci married Aditi, daughter...
Bali
Bali (बलि) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as menti...
Sarasvati
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Varaha
1) Varāha (वराह, “boar”) refers to a type of animal form, representing one of the several “attr...
Tripura
Tripurā (त्रिपुरा) is one of the epithets of Durgā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter ...
Bhumi
Bhūmi (भूमि) or Bhūmī refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dhar...
Gada
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Manushya
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Kushala
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