Simhika, Siṃhikā, Siṅhikā: 19 definitions


Simhika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—A giantess. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa 1, Chapter 15, and Agni Purāṇa Chapter 19). Two sons named Hiraṇyakaśipu and Hiraṇyākṣa and a daughter named Siṃhikā were born to Prajāpati Kaśyapa by his wife Diti. Siṃhikā was married by Vipracitti. Two sons named Rāhu and Ketu were born to them. Because they were the sons of Siṃhikā, they came to be known by the name Saiṃhikeyas.

(But it is stated in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, that Siṃhikā was the daughter of Prajāpati Dakṣa and the wife of Kaśyapa.)

A story occurs in Rāmāyaṇa, that this Siṃhikā caught hold of Hanūmān by his shadow and swallowed him, while he was jumping to Laṅkā, and that Hanūmān escaped from her. (See under Rāma, para 27).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—A daughter of Diti and Kaśyapa and sister of Hiraṇyakaśipu: the wife of Vipracitti, and mother of one hundred and one sons of whom Rāhu was the eldest;1 mother of 14 Rākṣasas;2 mother of grahas.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 1; VI. 6. 37; 18. 13; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 92; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 25; Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 60; 128. 50; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 141.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 12; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 10-11;
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 171. 60.

1b) A daughter of Dakṣa;1 a goddess enshrined at Kṛtaśauca.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 171. 29.
  • 2) Ib. 13. 45.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.12, I.65). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Siṃhikā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका) is another name for Vāsā, a medicinal plant identified with Adhatoda vasica Nees, synonym of Justicia adhatoda (“malabar nut”), from the Acanthaceae or acanthus family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.47-49 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Siṃhikā and Vāsā, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका) refers to the mother of Saiṃhikeya [i.e., Rāhu], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Some say that Rāhu, the asura, though his head was cut, dies not but lives in the shape of a planet having tasted of ambrosia. That he has a disc like the sun and moon and as that disc is black it is invisible when in the sky except on the occasion of eclipses in virtue of a boon from Brahmā. Others say that he resembles a serpent in shape with his head severed from his tail; a few that he is bodiless, that he is mere darkness and that he is the son of Siṃhikā [i.e., saiṃhikeya]. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका) is a variant for Saṃjñakā, which refers to the Cave associated with Candra, one the eight Sacred Seats (pīṭha), according to the Yogakhaṇḍa (chapter 14) of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Siṅhikā (सिङ्हिका):—Name of the daughter of Hiraṇyakaśyapa and mother of Rāhu.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Simhika was a daughter of Daksha, and the wife of the sage Viprachitti.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका) is the wife of Naghuṣa, son of Mṛgāvatī and king Hiraṇyagarbha (son of Citramālā and Sukośala), according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “Mṛgāvatī bore King Hiraṇyagarbha a son named Naghuṣa, like another (Naghuṣa) in form. One day, Hiraṇyagarbha saw a gray hair on his head, which was like a pledge of approaching old age. [...] Siṃhikā was the wife of the man-lion Naghuṣa and he ruled his ancestral kingdom, delighting in her. One day, Naghuṣa went to conquer the kings in the north country and left Queen Siṃhikā in his own realm. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Simhika in India is the name of a plant defined with Justicia adhatoda in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Adhatoda adhatoda Huth (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Helios (1893)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· CIS Chromosome Information Service (1976)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1992)
· Bangladesh Journal of Botany (1990)
· Research Bulletin (1970)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Simhika, for example extract dosage, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—f S The name of the mother of Rahu. Ex. tōṃ siṃhikēṃ vadana pasarilēṃ || chāyāsūtra sādhilēṃ ||.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—

1) The mother of Rāhu.

2) Name of a form of दाक्षायणी (dākṣāyaṇī).

3) A knock-kneed girl unfit for marriage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—f.

(-kā) The mother of Rahu. E. siṃhī a lioness, kan aff. of comparison, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—i. e. siṃhi + ka, f. The mother of Rāhu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—[feminine] [Name] of a daughter of Dakṣa & a Rāksasī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Siṃhikā (सिंहिका):—[from siṃhaka > siṃha] a f. See below.

2) [from siṃha] b f. Name of the mother of Rāhu (she was a daughter of Dakṣa [or Kaśyapa] and wife of Kaśyapa [or Vipra-citti]), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a form of Dākṣāyaṇī, [Catalogue(s)]

4) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasī, [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] a knock-kneed girl unfit for marriage, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Gendarussa Vulgaris, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका):—(kā) 1. f. The mother of Rāhu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Simhika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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