Simhika, Siṃhikā, Siṅhikā: 13 definitions

Introduction

Simhika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—A giantess. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa 1, Chapter 15, and Agni Purāṇa Chapter 19). Two sons named Hiraṇyakaśipu and Hiraṇyākṣa and a daughter named Siṃhikā were born to Prajāpati Kaśyapa by his wife Diti. Siṃhikā was married by Vipracitti. Two sons named Rāhu and Ketu were born to them. Because they were the sons of Siṃhikā, they came to be known by the name Saiṃhikeyas.

(But it is stated in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, that Siṃhikā was the daughter of Prajāpati Dakṣa and the wife of Kaśyapa.)

A story occurs in Rāmāyaṇa, that this Siṃhikā caught hold of Hanūmān by his shadow and swallowed him, while he was jumping to Laṅkā, and that Hanūmān escaped from her. (See under Rāma, para 27).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—A daughter of Diti and Kaśyapa and sister of Hiraṇyakaśipu: the wife of Vipracitti, and mother of one hundred and one sons of whom Rāhu was the eldest;1 mother of 14 Rākṣasas;2 mother of grahas.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 1; VI. 6. 37; 18. 13; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 92; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 25; Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 60; 128. 50; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 141.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 12; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 10-11;
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 171. 60.

1b) A daughter of Dakṣa;1 a goddess enshrined at Kṛtaśauca.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 171. 29.
  • 2) Ib. 13. 45.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.12, I.65). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Siṃhikā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका) is another name for Vāsā, a medicinal plant identified with Adhatoda vasica Nees, synonym of Justicia adhatoda (“malabar nut”), from the Acanthaceae or acanthus family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.47-49 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Siṃhikā and Vāsā, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Siṅhikā (सिङ्हिका):—Name of the daughter of Hiraṇyakaśyapa and mother of Rāhu.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Simhika was a daughter of Daksha, and the wife of the sage Viprachitti.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—f S The name of the mother of Rahu. Ex. tōṃ siṃhikēṃ vadana pasarilēṃ || chāyāsūtra sādhilēṃ ||.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—

1) The mother of Rāhu.

2) Name of a form of दाक्षायणी (dākṣāyaṇī).

3) A knock-kneed girl unfit for marriage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—f.

(-kā) The mother of Rahu. E. siṃhī a lioness, kan aff. of comparison, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—i. e. siṃhi + ka, f. The mother of Rāhu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Siṃhikā (सिंहिका):—[from siṃhaka > siṃha] a f. See below.

2) [from siṃha] b f. Name of the mother of Rāhu (she was a daughter of Dakṣa [or Kaśyapa] and wife of Kaśyapa [or Vipra-citti]), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a form of Dākṣāyaṇī, [Catalogue(s)]

4) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasī, [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] a knock-kneed girl unfit for marriage, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Gendarussa Vulgaris, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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