Anima, aka: Aṇimā; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Anima means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Anima (अनिम) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “ability to become infinitely small like an atom”, as described in the Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Purana

1a) Aṇimā (अणिमा).—An aiśvarya, one of the eight kinds;1 the first to be attained by the yogin;2 leading to siddhi.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 2. 39; II. 29. 82; III. 3. 65; 36. 17; 67. 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 39.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 13. 3 and 10.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 76; 92. 15.

1b) Siddhi devī on the 9th parvan of Cakrarājaratha; one of Uttama siddhis.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 4; 25. 59; 35. 104; 36. 5; 44. 108.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Aṇimā (अणिमा) refers to “transforming the body into smaller stature” and represents one of the eleven types of extraordinary form-changing (vikriyā), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).

What is meant by extraordinary power to transform into smaller stature (aṇimā-riddhi)? It is the extraordinary power by which one can transform his body into smaller stature.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

aṇimā (अणिमा).—m S Subtilty, infinite minuteness, moleculism. 2 The first of the eight siddhi,--the subtil and invisible state assumable by a deity; the reduction of one's form to an aṇu or atom.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṇimā (अणिमा).—f Minuteness. Atomic nature.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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