Kantaka, aka: Kaṇṭaka, Kantakā; 12 Definition(s)


Kantaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Kaṇṭaka (कण्टक) is another name for Gokṣura, a medicinal plant identified with Tribulus terrestris Linn. (“puncture vine”) from the Zygophyllaceae or “caltrop” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.40-43 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Kaṇṭaka and Gokṣura, there are a total of ten Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kantaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kaṇṭaka (कण्टक) refers to “thorn-like protrusions”, representing a defining characteristic for deciding the quality of Rudrākṣa beads, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.25, while explaining the greatness of Rudrākṣa:—“[...] O Parameśvarī, no other necklace or garland is observed in the world to be so auspicious and fruitful as the Rudrākṣa. O Goddess, Rudrākṣas of even size, glossy, firm, thick and having many thornlike protrusions [viz., Kaṇṭaka-saṃyuta] yield desires and bestow worldly pleasures and salvation for ever. [...] Six types of Rudrākṣas shall be discarded:—that which is defiled by worms, is cut and broken, has no thornlike protrusions [viz., Kaṇṭaka-hīna], has cracks and is not circular.”.

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A novice ordained by Upananda. Kantaka committed an offence with another novice, Mahaka. When this became known, a rule was passed that no monk should ordain two novices (Vin.i.79); this rule was, however, later rescinded (Vin.i.83). Elsewhere (Vin.i.85), Kantaka is mentioned as being expelled from the Order for having had sexual intercourse with a nun, Kantaka by name. According to the Pacittiya (Vin.iv.138f), Kantaka held the same false views as Arittha (q.v.), and for that reason he was expelled from the Sangha. The Chabbaggiya monks, however, received him into their ranks and gave him every encouragement. In the Samantapasadika (iv.874) Kantakasamanera is mentioned with Arittha and the Vajjiputtakas, as having been an enemy of the Buddhas religion.

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(v.l. Kandaka) - A nun who was guilty of unchastity with the novice Kantaka (Vin.i.85).

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Kaṇtaka or Kaṇḍaka or Khandhaka is the name of a cetiya that formed a principal part of the Cetiyapabbata Vihāra: a locality that once existed in the ancient kingdom of Anurādhapura, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—Kaṇtaka or Kaṇḍaka Cetiya, built during or soon after thereign of Devānaṃpiya Tissa (B.C. 247-207). Round the Kaṇtaka Cetiya were 68 rock-caves and 32 mālakas constructed by Devānaṃpiya Tissa. Lañjatissa (B.C. 119-110) made a stone mantling for the Khandhaka or Kaṇṭaka Cetiya. In a 2nd century inscription in situ, it is called Kaṭaka-ceta. Mahādāṭhikamahānāga (7-19) held a great festival which became known as the Giribhaṇḍa festival. Udaya I (797-801) restored Giribhaṇḍa Vihāra. In the Mihintale tablets of Mahinda IV (956-972) it is called Kiribaṇḍpavu dāgāba. Its modern name is Kiribat Vehera.

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Kaṇṭaka.—cf. catuṣ-kaṇṭaka-viśuddha (EI 23), same as catur-āghāṭa-viśuddha; probably, ‘the boundary demarcated by planting thorny shrubs’. Note: kaṇṭaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Kantaka in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kaṇtaka : (nt.) a thorn; a bone; any instrument with a sharp point.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kaṇṭaka, (From kantati2 to cut. Brh. kaṇṭaka. Spelt also kaṇṭhaka) 1. a thorn Sn. 845; Vin. I, 188; J. V, 102; VI, 105 (in description of the Vetaraṇī); cp. kusa°.—2. any instrument with a sharp point Sdhp. 201. ‹-› 3. a bone, fish-bone J. I, 222; in piṭṭhi° a bone of the spine D. II, 297≈ (see kaṭaṭṭhi); M. I, 80=245; Vism. 271; Sdhp. 102.—4. (fig.) an obstacle, hindrance, nuisance (“thorn in my side”); Kvu 572; enemy, infestor; a dacoit, thief, robber D. I, 135 (sa° and a°, of the country as infested with dacoits or free from them, cp. DA. I, 296); J. I, 186 (paṭikaṇṭaka, enemy); V, 450; Th. 1, 946; DhA. I, 177 (akkhimhi); VvA. 301.—5. (fig.) anything sharp, thorny, causing pain: of kāmā (passions) S. IV, 189, 195, 198; Ud. 24; Kvu 202; cp. sa°.—Thus grouped, like saṃyojanāni, into 10 obstacles to perfection (dasa k.) A. V, 134; as “bringing much trouble” J. IV, 117. Often in standing phrase khāṇu-kaṇṭaka stumbling and obstruction A. I, 35; SnA 334. As abstr. kaṇṭakattaṃ hindrance at Vism. 269 (sadda°).—akaṇṭaka 1. free from thorns J. II, 118; V, 260.—2. (fig.) free from thieves, quiet, peaceful D. I, 135; also not difficult, easy, happy, bringing blessings (of the right path) A. V, 135; Vv 187; VvA. 96.—sakaṇṭaka 1. having bones (of food) J. IV, 192, 193.—2. (fig.) beset with thieves, dangerous D. I, 135; thorny, i.e. painful, miserable (of duggati and kāmā) S. IV, 195; Th. 2, 352; J. V, 260.—Cp. also kaṇḍaka and nikkaṇṭaka.

—âpacita covered with thorns J. VI, 249 (cp. °ācita); —âpassaya (=kaṇṭak’apāśraya) a bed made of an outstretched skin, under which are placed thorns or iron spikes; to lie or stand on such is a practice of certain naked ascetics D. I, 167=M. I, 78≈. —âpassayika (adj. to prec.) “bed-of-thorns-man” D. I, 167≈. At J. I, 493 the reading is k-āpassaya, at III, 74 k-apassaya; at III, 235 the reading is kaṇṭhaka-seyyaṃ kappetha (should it be k-āpassaye seyyaṃ k°?); D. I, 167 reads kaṇṭhakā-passayika. —ācita covered with thorns J. V, 167. —ādhāna a thorny brake, a thorny hedge M. I, 10 (k-dhāna; for dhāna=ṭhāna see dhāna & cp. rāja-dhānī); A. I, 35; Miln. 220. —kasā a thorny whip used for punishment and torture J. III, 41. —gahana a thorny thicket or jungle S. II, 228. —gumba a th. bush J. I, 208. —latā a th. creeper, the Capparis Zeilanica J. V, 175. —vaṭṭa a thorny brake or hedge M. I, 448. (Page 178)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Kantaka in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kaṇṭaka (कंटक).—m (S) A thorn. 2 A fishbone. 3 fig. A pest, a plague, a vile hateful fellow. 4 fig. A merciless or savage fellow: also a miserly fellow.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaṇṭaka (कंटक).—m A thorn; fig. a pest. A merci- less fellow.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṇṭaka (कण्टक).—1 A thorn; पादलग्नं करस्थेन कण्टकेनैव कण्टकं (pādalagnaṃ karasthena kaṇṭakenaiva kaṇṭakaṃ) (uddharet) Chāṇ.22; कण्टकेनैव कण्टकम् (kaṇṭakenaiva kaṇṭakam) (unmūlayet) Pt.4.18

2) A prickle, a sting; यः कण्टकैर्वितुदति (yaḥ kaṇṭakairvitudati) Y.3.53.

3) The point of anything.

4) (Fig.) Any troublesome fellow who is, as it were, a thorn to the state and an enemy of order and good government; उत्खातलोकत्रयकण्टकेऽपि (utkhātalokatrayakaṇṭake'pi) R.14.73; त्रिदिवमुद्धृतदानवकण्टकम् (tridivamuddhṛtadānavakaṇṭakam) Ś.7.3; Ms.9.26; Mv.7.8.

5) (Hence) Any source of vexation or annoyance, nuisance; कण्टकानां च शोधनात् (kaṇṭakānāṃ ca śodhanāt) Ms.9.253.

6) Horripilation, erection of hair, thrill.

7) A finger-nail.

8) A vexing speech.

9) A fish-bone; अन्धो मत्स्या- निवाश्नाति स नरः कण्टकैः सह (andho matsyā- nivāśnāti sa naraḥ kaṇṭakaiḥ saha) Ms.8.95.

1) A sharp stinging pain, symptom of a disease.

11) (In Nyāya philosophy) Refutation of arguments, detection of error.

12) Impediment, obstacle.

13) The first, fourth, seventh, and tenth lunar mansions.

14) A vexing or injurious speech; Mb.1.

-kaḥ A bamboo; some other tree (Mar. bela, bābhaḷa, hiṃgaṇabeṭa) फलकं परिधानश्च तथा कण्टक- वस्त्रधृक् (phalakaṃ paridhānaśca tathā kaṇṭaka- vastradhṛk) Mb.12.33.14; see कण्टकद्रुम (kaṇṭakadruma).

2) A work-shop, manufactory.

3) Fault, defect; निर्धूतवाक्यकण्टकाम् (nirdhūtavākyakaṇṭakām) Mb.12.167.5.

4) Name of Makara or the marine monster, the symbol of the god of love.

-kī A kind of वार्ताकी (vārtākī).

-phalaḥ See कण्टकफल (kaṇṭakaphala).

Derivable forms: kaṇṭakaḥ (कण्टकः), kaṇṭakam (कण्टकम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṇṭaka (कण्टक).—(1) see pṛṣṭha- (°ṭhi-, °ṭhī-)kaṇṭaka; (2) (nt.? = kāṭaka, q.v.), ring on which the alms-bowl is hung: Divy 227.29 (mudgāś) catvāraḥ pātre patitā ekaḥ kaṇṭakam āhatya bhūmau patitaḥ; 228.10 mudgaḥ pātra-kaṇṭakam āhatya bhūmau patitas; (3) in prākāra-k° Divy 578.18, perhaps point, projection (of a wall), i.e. a jutting battlement occupied by a guard: sā anyatamena puruṣeṇa prākārakaṇṭake sthitena…gacchantī dṛṣṭā. (So Index.) See kaṇṭhakāpāśraya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kaṇṭaka (कण्टक).—mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) 1. A thorn. 2. A paltry foe. 3. A fish bone. 4. Horripilation, or the erection of the hair of the body. 5. Any annoyance or source of vexation. 6. A term in the Nyaya philosophy, implying refutation of argument, detection of error, &c. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A work-shop, a manufactory. 2. Fault, defect. 3. The point of a pin or needle. 4. A fish or marine monster, the symbol of Kamadeva: see makara. 5. A bamboo. E. kaṭi to divide, vun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 123 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Gokaṇṭaka (गोकण्टक) is another name for Kṣudragokṣura, a medicinal plant related with Gokṣura (...
Grāma-kaṇṭaka.—(EI 24; SII 13; SITI), a traitor to the village; enemy of the security of a vill...
Trikaṇṭaka (त्रिकण्टक) is another name for Kṣudragokṣura, a medicinal plant related with Gokṣur...
Yauvanakaṇṭaka (यौवनकण्टक).—m. (-kaḥ) Pimples on the face, especially in young persons. E. yauv...
Amarakaṇṭaka (अमरकण्टक).—A mountain. It was on this mountain that some parts of Tripura, which ...
Kālakaṇṭaka (कालकण्टक).—a gallinule. Kālakaṇṭaka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms...
Kaṇṭakapañcamūla (कण्टकपञ्चमूल) is the Sanskrit name for a group of five plants (medicinal t...
Jalakaṇṭaka (जलकण्टक).—m. (-kaḥ) 1. An aquatic plant, (Trapa bispinosa.) 2. A crocodile. E. jal...
Kaṇṭakoddharaṇa (कण्टकोद्धरण).—n. (-ṇaṃ) 1. Weeding, extracting thorns, &c. 2. Removing ann...
Kaṇṭakadruma (कण्टकद्रुम).—m. (-maḥ) The Salmali or silk cotton tree. E. kaṇṭaka, and druma a t...
Kaṇṭakāśana (कण्टकाशन).—m. (-naḥ) A camel. E. kaṇṭaka, and aśana food; whose food is of thorns,...
Kaṇṭakaphala (कण्टकफल).—m. (-laḥ) 1. The Jaka, or bread-fruit tree, (Artocarpus integrifolia.) ...
Mṛtakāntaka (मृतकान्तक).—m. (-kaḥ) A jackal. E. mṛta dead, and kāntaka fond of.
Madhurakaṇṭaka (मधुरकण्टक).—m. (-kaḥ) A sort of fish. E. madhura sweet, and kaṇṭaka bone.
Kaṇṭakāgāra (कण्टकागार).—m. (-raḥ) A porcupine. E. kaṇṭaka and agāra or āgāra a house.

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