Kriya, aka: Kriyā; 18 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kriya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[Kriya in Shaktism glossaries]

Kriyā (क्रिया, “performance, undertaking”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ क्रियायै नमः
oṃ kriyāyai namaḥ.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[Kriya in Pancaratra glossaries]

Kriyā (क्रिया, “activity, endeavour”):—One of the twenty-four emanations of Lakṣmī accompanying Nārāyaṇa. This particular manifestation couples with his counterpart form called Trivikrama and together they form the seventh celestial couple. Lakṣmī represents a form of the Goddess (Devī) as the wife of Viṣṇu, while Nārāyaṇa represents the personification of his creative energy, according to the Pāñcarātra literature.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Kriyā (क्रिया) or Kriyāpāda refers to the second of four sections (pāda) of the Pāñcarātra system of thought.—With kriyā is meant the canons and principles governing the construction of the icons of its deities and other religious as well as non-religious buildings. The best description of all these four aspects of Pāñcarātra (eg., jñāna) is found in the Padma-saṃhitā, a simplified elaboration of the Jayākhya-saṃhitā.

(Source): archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana

[Kriya in Purana glossaries]

Kriyā (क्रिया).—One of the daughters of Dakṣa. Dharmadeva married her and three sons Daṇḍa, Naya and Vinaya were born to him of Kriyā. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa I, Chapter 7).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Kriyā (क्रिया).—A daughter of Kardama married to Kratu. Mother of 6,000 Vālakhilyas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 24. 23; IV. 1. 39.

1b) A daughter of Dakṣa, and a wife of Dharma; mother of Yoga and of Manus;1 also of Naya, Daṇḍa (Dama, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) and Samaya (Śama, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa), (Vinaya, vāyu-purāṇa.).2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 49 and 51; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 24.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 49, 60; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 25, 35; 55. 43; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 23 and 29.

1c) The wife of Samanantara.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 4.

1d) A R. from the Ṛkṣa hills.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 29.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Kriya in Shaivism glossaries]

Kriyā (क्रिया, “making”) or kriyāpada refers to the second division of the āgamas.—The four classes of devotees (bhakta) or the states of spiritual life somewhat correspond to the four divisions of the Āgamas and the four modes of sādhana, spiritual practice, they entail. Thus, sālokya corresponds to carya, ritual and moral conduct, sāmīpya to kriyā, architectural and iconographic making, sārūpya to yoga, meditation, and sāyūjya ta jñāna, theology and gnosis.

(Source): McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra (shaivism)
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

[Kriya in Vastushastra glossaries]

Kriyā (क्रिया, “making”).—Since the distinction between carya and kriyā in the Āgamic scheme is not always c1ear, architectural and iconographic making, which is primarily kriyā, may be seen as encompassing both the modes. Making, at the most fundamental level, is a legitimate mode of sādhana, “spiritual practice”, in the four-fald scheme of spiritual realizatian. It is the primary and most accessible mode of sādhana for the sthapati a.nd his guild, being makers of temple and image.

(Source): McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[Kriya in Vyakarana glossaries]

Kriyā (क्रिया).—Verbal quality; philosophically speaking it is defined as sattā appearing in temporal sequence in various things.

(Source): Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Kriyā (क्रिया).—Action, verbal activity; cf. क्रिया-वचनो धातुः (kriyā-vacano dhātuḥ) M. Bh. on I. 3.1 ; cf. also क्रियावाचकमाख्यातम् (kriyāvācakamākhyātam) R. Pr. XII. 8. quoted by Uvvaṭa in his Bhāṣya on V. Pr. VIII. 50; cf. also उपसर्गाः क्रियायोगे (upasargāḥ kriyāyoge) P. I.4.59, लक्षणहेत्वेः क्रियायाः (lakṣaṇahetveḥ kriyāyāḥ) P.III. 2.126; cf. also यत्तर्हि तदिङ्गितं चेष्टितं निमिषितं स शब्दः । नेत्याह क्रिया नाम सा (yattarhi tadiṅgitaṃ ceṣṭitaṃ nimiṣitaṃ sa śabdaḥ | netyāha kriyā nāma sā) M. Bh. Āhnika 1. The word भाव (bhāva) many times is used in the same sense as kriyā or verbal activity in the sūtras of Pāṇini. cf. P.I.2.21 ; I.3.13; III. 1. 66.etc; cf. also कृदभिहितो भावो द्रव्यवद्भवति (kṛdabhihito bhāvo dravyavadbhavati) a statement made frequently by the Mahābhāṣyakāra. Some scholars draw a nice distinction between क्रिया (kriyā) and भाव, क्रिया (bhāva, kriyā) meaning dynamic activity and भाव (bhāva) meaning static activity: cf. अपरिस्पन्दन-साधनसाध्यो धात्वर्थो भावः । सपरिस्पन्दन-साधनसाध्यस्तु क्रिया (aparispandana-sādhanasādhyo dhātvartho bhāvaḥ | saparispandana-sādhanasādhyastu kriyā) Kaiyaṭa's Pradīpa on M. Bh. III. 1.87. Philosophically क्रिया (kriyā) is defined as सत्ता (sattā) appearing in temporal sequence in various things. When सत्ता (sattā) does not so appear it is called सत्त्व (sattva).

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[Kriya in Jyotisha glossaries]

Kriya (क्रिय).—The zodiacal sign, Aries. Note: Kriya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Kriya in Jainism glossaries]

Kriyā (क्रिया, “action”).—Action includes motion etc. Motion (gati) means: orderly changing of positions in space. That is why in motion of any matter; the thought of changing of positions is associated with the time for which it takes place. Similarly, all other actions are also associated with the lapse of time in which it takes place.

(Source): HereNow4U: Kāla (Time) Substance

Kriyā (क्रिया, “activity”) or Kriyāriddhi refers to one of the eight types of ṛddhi (extraordinary powers), that can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people): one of the two classes of human beings, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46.—Some ascetics attain extraordinary powers to produce worldly miracles. Such attainments are called ṛddhi. There are eight types of such extraordinary powers (eg., Kriyā).

Kriyā-ṛddhi (extraordinary activity) has two primary and ten secondary subtypes:

  1. cāraṇa-riddhi (capability to move in the sky),
  2. ākāśagāmini-riddhi (extraordinary power to walk above the land).
(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Kriyā (क्रिया, “activity”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.21.—What is the meaning of kriyā? Movement of an entity from one place to another is called activity (kriyā).

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Kriya in Pali glossaries]

kriyā : (f.) action; deed; performance.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Kriya in Marathi glossaries]

kriyā (क्रिया).—f (S) An act, action, deed. 2 Obsequial rites performed immediately after death; as disting. from those performed at various periods afterwards. 3 A religious ceremony or rite. 4 The several matters and points, the minutiæ or parts (of any process, business, work). 5 Substantiating, establishing, verifying (by oath, ordeal, citing witnesses, producing documents). 6 Medical treatment. 7 In grammar. A verb: also a noun of action. kriyā dharaṇēṃ, kriyēlā jāgaṇēṃ To remember the (good) deeds or deed of. kriyā ṭākaṇēṃ-sōḍaṇēṃ-sāṇḍaṇēṃ-visaraṇēṃ To forget the (good) deeds or deed of.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kriyā (क्रिया).—f An act, action, deed. Obsequial rites performed immediately after death. A religious ceremony or rite. The several matters and points, the minutiæ or parts of any process, business, work). kriyā dharaṇēṃ, kriyēlā jāgaṇēṃ Remember the (good) deeds of.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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