Santanaka, Santānaka, Samtanaka: 4 definitions



Santanaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Santanaka in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Santānaka (सन्तानक) is the name of a leader of Gaṇas (Gaṇapa or Gaṇeśvara or Gaṇādhipa) who came to Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.20. Accordingly, after Śiva decided to become the friend of Kubera:—“[...] The leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there. [...] Another (leader of Gaṇas) Kākapāda with six crores and the lord Santānaka with six crores, Mahābala, Madhupiṅga and Piṅgala each with nine crores. [...]”.

These [viz., Santānaka] and other leaders of Gaṇas [viz., Gaṇapas] were all powerful (mahābala) and innumerable (asaṃkhyāta). [...] The Gaṇa chiefs and other noble souls of spotless splendour eagerly reached there desirous of seeing Śiva. Reaching the spot they saw Śiva, bowed to and eulogised him.

Santānaka participated in Vīrabhadra’s campaign against Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.33. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“O Nārada, listen to the numerical strength of the most important and courageous of those groups. [...] Kākapādodara and Santānaka both excellent chiefs of Gaṇas went with sixty crores each. [...] Thus at the bidding of Śiva, the heroic Vīrabhadra went ahead followed by crores and crores, thousands and thousands, hundreds and hundreds of Gaṇas [viz., Santānaka]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Santanaka in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Santānaka, (santanā+ka) 1. (nt.)=santāna 1; VvA. 94, 162 (°valli a sort of long creeper). mūla° a spreading root S. III, 155; J. I, 277.—2. =santāna 2 VvA. 12. ‹-› 3. (nt.) a cobweb Vin. I, 48.—4. offspring S. I, 8. (Page 676)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Santanaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Santānaka (सन्तानक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) What spreads, scatters, &c. m.

(-kaḥ) One of the five trees of heaven. f.

(-nikā) 1. Cream, the coagulum of milk, &c. 2. A cobweb. 3. The blade of a knife or sword. 4. Froth, foam. E. sam before tan to spread, aff. ṇvul .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Santānaka (सन्तानक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Spreading. 1. m. Heavenly tree. f. (nikā) Cream; cobweb; blade of a knife; froth.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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