Tumburu; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Tumburu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Tumburu (तुम्बुरु) is depicted as part of a Naṭarāja sculpture on the third pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Lokeśvara.—Śiva dancing with his consort Umā is very well carved in the semi-circular medallion. By the side of Śiva is a figure with feet in the pose of vīrāsana, but the body and the head turned in ninety degrees towards Śiva. His head looks like that of a horse. We identify him with horse-headed Tumburu.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
Śilpaśāstra book cover
context information

Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Purāṇa

1a) Tumburu (तुम्बुरु).—An expert in divine music; had two daughters Manovatī and Sukeśā;1 a friend of Candrodaka dundubhī.2 A Gandharva disciple of Nārada, came with the sage to see Yudhiṣṭhira, and returned to heaven with him;3 sang with Nārada the glories of Ananta;4 praised Hiraṇyakaśipu when he became the overlord of all worlds.5 Sang the praise of Kṛṣṇa when he held the Govardhana;6 presiding over the months of Madhu and Mādhava.7 His two daughters were celebrated as Pañcacūḍas;8 residing in the Sun's chariot in the months of Caitra and Madhu.9

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 47, 49.
  • 2) Ib. 96. 117.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 13. 37 and 59.
  • 4) Ib. V. 25. 8.
  • 5) Ib. VII. 4. 14.
  • 6) Ib. X. 25. 32; 27. 24.
  • 7) Ib. XII. 11. 33; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 4.
  • 8) Ib. III. 7. 9; IV. 20. 50 and 101.
  • 9) Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 3; 36. 47; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 3.

1b) A friend of Anu, son of Kapotaroma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 20.

1c) A friend of Andhaka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 118.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Itihāsa (narrative history)

Tumburu (तुम्बुरु) was a gandharva (demi god) who, owing to a curse, became a demon (yakṣa). Tumburu, in the service of Kubera, lord of treasures, happens to see Rambhā, one of the celestial nymphs and falls in love with her. He tries his luck on her. Being not happy with the attitude of Tumburu, Vaiśravaṇa, another name of Kubera, curses him to become a terrific demon. On realising his mistake Tumburu begs to Kubera to put a term to the curse. Vaiśravaṇa that is Kubera tells him that he Tumburu (or Virādha) will have an encounter with Rāma and when the latter cuts off his (Virādha’s) arms, he will be relieved from his curse. Till then he will wander in the forest under the name of Virādha.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (rāmāyaṇa)
context information

Itihāsa (इतिहास) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Purāṇas, 2) the Mahābhārata and 3) the Rāmāyaṇa. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smṛti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to śruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Tumburu (तुम्बुरु) is the name of an author of Sanskrit works dealing with music.—Some writers think on the basis of the occurrence of the expression ‘Tumburu-nāṭaka’ in Locana’s Rāga-taraṅgiṇī (12th century) that Tumburu wrote a play. But this tumburu-nāṭaka seems to have meant a kind of dance-drama originating with Tumburu.

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Tumburu is one of the prominent Gandharvas. He is well know for his skill in music, and has a very intimate relationship with the Apsara Rambha.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

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