Vriddhi, Vṛddhi: 19 definitions


Vriddhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vṛddhi can be transliterated into English as Vrddhi or Vriddhi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II

Vriddhi (hydrocele, hernia, scrotal tumours etc.); Any of the deranged Doshas (Vàyu, Pittam, etc.) lying in the nether regions of the body may resort to the spermatic cords (Dhamani) and give rise to a swelling and inflammation of Phalacosha (scrotal sac) which is called Vriddhi (scrotal tumour etc.). A pain in the bladder, scrotum, penis and the waist (Kati) incarceration of the Vàyu and the swelling of the scrotum, are the premonitory symptoms of the disease.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Vṛddhi (वृद्धि) refers to “swelling of the testicles”, mentioned in verse 4.20-22 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] from (suppressed) sperm (result) its outflow, pubic pain, cutaneous swelling, fever, throbbing of the heart, retention of urine, racking in the limbs, swelling of the testicles [viz., vṛddhi], gravel, and impotence. Cock, arrack, rice, enema, inunction, bathing, milk prepared with bladder-cleansing (substances, and) lovely women one shall turn to in this case”.

Note: Vṛddhi has been interchanged with aśman and metaphrased by ’phel; both words literally mean “increase” but in medical terminology denote a testicular swelling (cf. III.11 & VI.13). The Kottayam text and the parallel passage Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha I.5.20 (our subsequent numeration) read vardhman instead, which also signifies “hernia”; both diseases are regarded as congenerous by Indian physicians (cf. Jolly, Medicin p. 104).

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

1) Vṛddhi (वृद्धि) refers to “inflammation and enlargement of scrotum” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning vṛddhi] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

2) Vṛddhi (वृद्धि) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Habenaria intermedia D. Don” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning vṛddhi] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Vṛddhi (वृद्धि, “ruler, mistress”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ वृद्ध्यै नमः
oṃ vṛddhyai namaḥ.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Vṛddhi (वृद्धि) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in warfare, referring to the “rise” (of the king). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Nītiprakāśikā 8.86)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: archive.org: Uṇādi-Sūtras In The Sanskrit Grammatical Tradition

Vṛddhi (वृद्धि).—One of the technical terms which have been used in the uṇādi-sūtras;—Vṛddhi is a term which denotes the vowels ‘ā’, ‘ai’ and ‘au’ as given in the sūtra ‘vṛddhirādaic’ P. I.1.1. This term is used in the same sense in seven uṇādi-sūtras.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Vṛddhi (वृद्धि).—A technical term used by Panini to denote the vowels आ, ऐ (ā, ai) and औः (auḥ) a vowel belonging to the third grade out of the three grades of vowels which are known as zero, normal and long grades; cf, वृद्धिरादैच् (vṛddhirādaic) P I. 1.1:

2) Vṛddhi.—Lengthening completely of a vowel which is called प्लुति (pluti) in grammar; the term is used in the Rk Tantra Pratisakhya in this sense.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Vṛddhi (वृद्धि, “increase”) refers to one of the twelve effects of āya (“profit”), according to the Mānasāra. Āya is the first of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular āya (eg., vṛddhi) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). The twelve effects of āya may all be assumed as auspicious.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vṛddhi (Sanskrit: वृद्धि) is a Sanskrit word meaning "growth". In Panini's grammar, it is also a technical term for a group of long vowels.

India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Vṛddhī is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (eg., Vṛddhī) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.

These copper plates (mentioning Vṛddhī) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vṛddhi.—(EI 28), a super tax or the interest on arrears of taxes; also interest. Note: vṛddhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vṛddhi (वृद्धि).—f (S) Growth, enlargement, augmentation; growing, advancing, or increasing state, or grown or advanced state (in bulk or quantity, in age, dignity, wealth &c.) 2 Increase (upon money or corn lent); interest or increment. 3 Impurity arising to a household on the occasion of a birth in it. 4 Increase of the digits of the sun or moon : also a lunar day commencing before one sunrising and ending after the next. 5 m The eleventh of the astronomical yōga. 6 Enlargement of the scrotum from hydrocele, spermatocele, or other affection.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vṛddhi (वृद्धि).—f Growth. Increment.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vṛddhi (वृद्धि).—[vṛdh-ktin]

1) Growth, increase, augmentation, development; पुपोष वृद्धिं हरिदश्वदीधितेरनुप्रवेशादिव बालचन्द्रमाः (pupoṣa vṛddhiṃ haridaśvadīdhiteranupraveśādiva bālacandramāḥ) R.3.22; तपोवृद्धि, ज्ञानवृद्धि (tapovṛddhi, jñānavṛddhi) &c.

2) Waxing, increase of the digits of the moon; पर्यायपीतस्य सुरैर्हिमांशोः कलाक्षयः श्लाघ्यतरो हि वृद्धेः (paryāyapītasya surairhimāṃśoḥ kalākṣayaḥ ślāghyataro hi vṛddheḥ) R.5.16; Ku.7.1.

3) Increase in wealth, prosperity, affluence; वृद्धिकाले तु संप्राप्ते दुर्जनोऽपि सुहृद्भवेत् (vṛddhikāle tu saṃprāpte durjano'pi suhṛdbhavet) Pt.2.112.

4) Success, advancement, rise, progress; परवृद्धिमत्सरि मनो हि मानिनाम् (paravṛddhimatsari mano hi māninām) Śi.15.1.

5) Wealth, property.

6) A heap, quantity, multitude.

7) Interest; as in सरलवृद्धि, चक्रवृद्धि (saralavṛddhi, cakravṛddhi) &c.; वसिष्ठविहितां वृद्धिं सृजेद्वित्तविवर्धिनीम् (vasiṣṭhavihitāṃ vṛddhiṃ sṛjedvittavivardhinīm) Ms.8.14.

8) Usury; वृद्ध्या कृषिवणिक्त्वेन (vṛddhyā kṛṣivaṇiktvena)... स्वाध्यायगणितं महत् (svādhyāyagaṇitaṃ mahat) Mb.12.62.9.

9) Profit, gain.

1) Enlargement of the scrotum.

11) Extension of power or revenue.

12) (In gram.) The increase or lengthening of vowels, the change of अ, इ, उ, ऋ (a, i, u, ṛ), short or long, and लृ (lṛ) to आ, ऐ, औ, आर् (ā, ai, au, ār), and आल् (āl) respectively.

13) The impurity caused by child-birth in a family (called jananāśauca q. v.).

14) Cutting off.

15) (In law) Forfeiture (as of property).

16) (vṛdhu hiṃsāyām) Injury (pīḍā); नुदेद्वृद्धिसमृद्धी स प्रतिकूले नृपात्मज (nudedvṛddhisamṛddhī sa pratikūle nṛpātmaja) Mb.5.135.29.

17) Elevation (of ground).

18) Prolongation (of life).

Derivable forms: vṛddhiḥ (वृद्धिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vṛddhi (वृद्धि).—(1) (undeclined form!), in phrase: diṣṭyā vṛddhi (compare Sanskrit diṣṭyā vardhase), congratulations! (regularly to a king): mahārāja di° vṛ° Mahāvastu ii.113.5; deva di° (mss. dṛṣṭvā) vṛddhi devasya putro jātaḥ Divyāvadāna 405.20; deva di° (mss. dṛṣṭvā) vṛ° Divyāvadāna 425.2. Cf. also jaya-vuddhi, s.v. vuddhi; (2) name of one of the eight deities of the bodhi- tree: Lalitavistara 331.21 (°dhiḥ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛddhi (वृद्धि).—f.

(-ddhiḥ) 1. Increase, augmentation in general, as in bulk, consequence, wealth, &c. 2. The third of the three conditions or objects of regal power, extension of power or revenue, or any indication of progression. 3. Rise, ascending, mounting. 4. Prosperity, success. 5. One of the eight principal drugs or medical roots, described as mild and cooling, sweet and bitter, &c., as a remedy for phlegm, leprosy and worms. 6. The eleventh of the astronomical Yogas, or Yoga star of the 11th lunar mansion. 7. A particular period or division of time. 8. The increase of the digits of the sun or moon. 9. Enlargement of the scrotum, either from swelled testicle or hydrocele or other morbid affections. 10. Interest, usury, especially returning the principal, (as in the case of seed corn lent,) with a proportionate increment. 11. Happiness, pleasure. 12. A heap, a quantity, assemblage, multitude. 13. Wealth, property. 14. Cutting off, abscission. 15. (In law,) Forfeiture, deduction. 16. Profit, gain. 17. The lengthening of a vowel, the substitution of ā, ai, au, ār and āl for a, i, u, ṛ and (short or long; in gram.) E. vṛdh to increase, aff. ki, or ktin or ktic .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛddhi (वृद्धि).—i. e. vṛdh + ti, f. 1. Increase, [Pañcatantra] 187, 7; augmentation, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 438. 2. Prosperity, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 82; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 382. 3. Wealth. 4. Interest, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 143; [Pañcatantra] 88, 14 (dvi-guṇa-, Consisting in doubling the lent amount); usury. 5. Profit, gain, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 401. 6. Extension of power or revenue, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 264. 7. A heap, a quantity, a multitude. 8. Rise, ascending. 9. The increase of the digits of the sun or moon. 10. The eleventh of the astronomical Yogas, or the principal star of the eleventh lunar mansion. 11. Cutting off. 12. (In law), Forfeiture.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛddhi (वृद्धि).—[feminine] growth, increase; swelling, rising, ascending; thriving, prosperity, happiness; delight, enthusiasm, inspiration; gain, profit, interest (on money lent); the highest gradation of a vowel (cf. guṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vṛddhi (वृद्धि):—[from vṛddha] 1. vṛddhi f. cutting off, abscission, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] (in law) forfeiture, deduction, [ib.]

3) [from vṛdh] 2. vṛddhi f. (for 1. See p.1010) growth, increase, augmentation, rise, advancement, extension, welfare, prosperity, success, fortune, happiness, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] elevation (of ground), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] prolongation (of life), [Pañcatantra]

6) [v.s. ...] swelling (of the body), [Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] enlargement of the scrotum (either from swelled testicle or hydrocele), [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] swelling or rising (of the sea or of the waters), waxing (of the moon), [Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] gain, profit, [Rāmāyaṇa; Subhāṣitāvali]

10) [v.s. ...] profit from lending money etc., usury, interest, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] (the various kinds of interest recognized by Hindū lawyers are, 1. kāyikā vṛddhi, ‘body-interest’ id est. either the advantage arising from the body of an animal pledged as security for a loan, or interest paid repeatedly without reducing the body or principal; 2. kālikā v, ‘time-interest’ id est. payable weekly, monthly, annually, etc., but most usually computed by the month; 3. cakrav, ‘wheel-interest’ id est. interest upon interest, compound interest; 4. kāritā v, ‘stipulated interest’, at a rate higher than the usual legal rate; 5. śikhā-v, ‘interest growing like a lock of hair’ id est. at a usurious rate payable daily ; 6. bhoga-lābha, ‘advantage [accruing to a creditor] from the use’ of objects handed over to him as security e.g. of lands, gardens, animals, etc.: ‘lawful interest’ is called dharma-v, ‘usurious interest’ a-nyāya-v, ‘interest at the highest legal rate’ parama-v), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 264]

11) [v.s. ...] the second modification or increase of vowels (to which they are subject under certain conditions e.g. ā is the Vṛddhi of the vowel a; ai of i, ī, and e; au of u, ū, and o; cf. 2. vṛddha and kṛta-vṛddhi), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya; Pāṇini; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

12) [v.s. ...] one of the 8 principal drugs (described as mild, cooling etc.; and a remedy for phlegm. leprosy, and worms), [Suśruta; Bhāvaprakāśa]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of the 11th of the astrological Yogas (or the Yoga star of the 11th lunar mansion), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] = vṛddhi-śrāddha, [Gṛhya-sūtra]

15) [v.s. ...] m. (with bhaṭṭa) Name of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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