Asani, aka: Aśani, Aśanī, Ashani; 10 Definition(s)


Asani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Aśani and Aśanī can be transliterated into English as Asani or Ashani, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Aśanī (अशनी):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. She is also known as Grasanī according to the Gorakṣa-saṃhitā. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Aśanī) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Aśanī (अशनी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Aśanī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Aśani (अशनि).—A holy hermit. While Śrī Kṛṣṇa was going to Hastināpura this hermit met him on the way. (Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 83).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Aśanī (अशनी).—A mother goddess.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 29.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Asani in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

asani : (f.) thunderbolt.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Asani, (f.) (Vedic aśani in same meaning; with Sk. aśri corner, caturaśra four cornered (see assa), to Lat. ācer pointed, sharp, Gr. a)/kros pointed, Ags. egl sting, Ohg. ekka corner, point. Connected with this is Sk. aśan (see asana1). Cp. also aṃsa & asama2) orig. a sharp stone as hurling-weapon thence in mythol. Indra’s thunderbolt, thunder-clap, lightning J. I, 71, 167; II, 154; III, 323; Miln. 277; VvA. 83.

—aggi the fire of thunder, i.e. lightning or fire caused by lightning DhA. III, 71. —pāta the falling of the thunderbolt, thunderclap, lightning DA. I, 280 (or should we read asannipāta?); PvA. 45. —vicakka same as °pāta (?) S. II, 229 (= lābha-sakkāra-silokassa adhivacana); D. III, 44, 47. (Page 87)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

aśani (अशनि).—m S Lightning; a thunderbolt; the weapon of Indra &c. See vajra.

--- OR ---

āsaṇī (आसणी).—f C The churn-staff-rope.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aśanī (अशनी).—m Lightning; thunderbolt, Indra's weapon.

--- OR ---

āsaṇī (आसणी).—f The churn-staff-rope.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśani (अशनि).—m., f. [aśnute saṃhati, aś ani Uṇ 2.11]

1) Indra's thunderbolt; शक्रस्य महाशनिध्वजम् (śakrasya mahāśanidhvajam) R.3.56.

2) Flash of lightning; अनुवनमशनिर्गतः (anuvanamaśanirgataḥ) Sk.; अशनिः कल्पित एष वेधसा (aśaniḥ kalpita eṣa vedhasā) R.8.47; अशनेरमृतस्य चोभयोर्वशिनश्चाम्बुधराश्च योनयः (aśaneramṛtasya cobhayorvaśinaścāmbudharāśca yonayaḥ) Ku.4.43.

3) A missile. अष्टचक्रां महाघोरामशनिं रुद्रनिर्मिताम् (aṣṭacakrāṃ mahāghorāmaśaniṃ rudranirmitām) Mb.7.175.96.

4) The tip of a missile.

5) A sacrificial rite (anuyāja) to kill an enemy.

6) A master.

Derivable forms: aśaniḥ (अशनिः).

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Asani (असनि).—One who throws &c.

Derivable forms: asaniḥ (असनिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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