Historical Elements in the Matsya Purana

by Chaitali Kadia | 2021 | 91,183 words

This page relates ‘Lineages of Kashyapa’ of the study on the historical elements of the Matsya-purana: one of the eighteen Mahapuranas which are Sanskrit texts that have preserved the cultural heritage, philosophy, religion, geography, etc of ancient India. This Matsyapurana was originally written in 20,000 verses and deals with topics such as architecture, ancient history, polity, religion and philosophy.

Diti, Danu, Ariṣṭā, Surasā, Surabhui, Vinata, Tāmrā, Krodhavaśā, Irā, Kadrū, Viśva and Muni were thirteen wives of Ṛṣi Kaśyapa.[1] Aditi received some superior sons named Indra, Dhātā, Bhaga, Tvaṣṭā, Mitra, Varuṇa, Yama, Vivasvān, Savita, Puṣā, Anśumān and Viṣṇu by connection with Marīci’s sons Kaśyapa. Diti received two sons named Hiraṇyakaśipu and Hiraṇyākṣa from the contact of Maharṣi Kaśyapa. Hiraṇyakaśipu had four sons named Prahlāda, Anuhlāda, Sanhlāda and Hlāda. Prahlāda had four sons name Āyuṣmān, śibi, Bāṣkala and Virocana. Virocana received Bali as a son. Then a hundred sons were born to Bali, of whom Bāṇa was the eldest. Apart from these Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Sūrya, Candra, Candrānśutāpana, Nikumbhanābha, Gurvakṣa, Kukṣibhīma, Vibhīṣaṇa and so on had many more sons, who were younger than Bāna, but possessed all superior qualities.[2] Diti’s second son Hiraṇyakṣa had four sons named Ulūka, Śakuni, Bhūtasantapana and Mahānābha. The number of sons and grandchildren born to them was seventy-seven million.[3]

Similarly, Danu also got hundred powerful sons by the relation with Kaśyapa, of whom Mahābalī Vipraciti was the head. Apart from this Danu had lot of sons named Dvimūrdhā, Śakuni, Śankuśirodhara, Ayomukha, Śambara, Kapiśa, Vāmana, Mārīci, Meghavān, Irāgarbhaśira, Vidravaṇa, Ketu, Katuvīrya, Śatahrida, Indrajita, Saptajit, Vajranābha, Ekacakra, Mahāvāhu, Vajrākṣa, Tāraka, Asilomā, Pulomā Bindu, Mahāsura Bāṇa, Svarbhānu and Vṛṣaparvā. Some of them had also daughter such as Svarbhānu’s daughter Prabhā, Pulomā daughter Śacī, Maya’s daughter Upadānvī, Mandodarī and Kuhū, Vṛṣparvā’s daughter Śarmiṣṭhā, Sundarī and Candrā and Vaiśvānara’s daughter Pulomā and Kālkā. Among them Pulomā and Kālkā were the wives of Kaśyapa. Sixty thousand demons originated from both of them in the past. Kaśyapa. Received two sons, Pauloma and Kālkeya from the womb of Puloma and Kālkā respectively. Vipraciti gave birth to thirteen sons from the womb of Sinhikā. These were Hiraṇyakaśipu’s nephews. Their names are–Vyansa, Kalpa, Rājendra, Nala, Vātāpi, Ilvala, Namuci, Śvsṛpa, Ajana, Naraka, Kālanābha, Saramā and famous Kālavīrya. All these were supposed to increase the Danudynasty. Son of the demon Sanhlād famous by the mame Nivātakavaca.[4] Tāmra gave birth to six girls named Śukī, Śyanī, Bhāsī, Sugrībī, Gṛdhikā and Śuci from Kaśyap. Among them Śukī produced Śuka and Ulūka by the relation of Dharma. Śyenī originated Śyena and Bhāsī originated Kurura. Gṛdhrī produced Gīdhas, Padukis and Pigeons. From the womb of Śuci, swan, cranes, conch emerged. Sugrīvī gave birth to goat, horse, jackal, camel and donkeys.[5] Vinta’s two sons Garuda and Aruṇa are the masters of all birds. Her third child is a girl named Saudāminī. Aruṇa had two sons named Sampāti and Jatāyu. Among them Sampāti had two sons, Babhru and Śīghraga. Jatāyu had also two sons known as Karṇikar and Śatagāmī. Apart from these Jatāyu also had three sons named Sārasa, Rajjubāla and Bheruṇḍa.Sursā and Kadrū gave birth to thousands of snakes. Among them twenty-six were head. Their names are Śeṣa, Vāsuki, Karkātaka, Śankha, Airāvata, Kambala, Dhananjaya, Mahānīla, Padma, Aśvatara, Takṣka, Elāpatra, Mahāpadma, Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Balāhaka, Śankhapāla, Mahāśankha, Puṣpadanṣṭra, Śubhānana, Śankuromā, Bahula, Vāmana, Pāṇina, Kapila, Durmukha and Patanjalī. Surabhi generated beautiful cows and buffaloes by connection with Kaśyapa. Muni created Muni and Apsarā community. In the same way Ariṣṭa gave birth to a lot of shemale and Gandharva. All the tree, lasses and bush have been originally originated from Ira. Similarly, Viśvā gave birth to a lot of dollars and monsters and Diti gave birth to forty-nine Marutas by connection with Kaśyapa.[6] These were the description of the lineages of Kaśyapa.

Footnotes and references:

[1]:

Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 6/1–2

[2]:

Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 6/5–12

[3]:

Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 6/14

[4]:

Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 6/25–28

[5]:

Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 6/31–33

[6]:

Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 6/37–47

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