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Hiranyakashipu, aka: Hiraṇyakaśipu; 2 Definition(s)

Introduction

Hiranyakashipu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Hiraṇyakaśipu (हिरण्यकशिपु).—A son of Ditī and Kaśyapa: reduced to subjection the three worlds with the Lokapālas: secured heaven through his son Prahlāda. His queen was Kayādhu;1 wanted to avenge his brother Hiraṇyākṣa's death;2 the six sons born of his Asura Yoni were carried off by Yogamāyā's effort. They were again born of Devakī and killed by Kaṃsa;3 lust after more territory;4 in his previous birth an attendant of Hari. He was next born as Rāvaṇa and afterwards Caidya. Destroyed the whole world by fire and by sword all friends of Hari for the killing of his brother, consoled his wife and sons pointing to the old saying that to die at the hands of an enemy leads one to heaven and cited the story of Suyajña that it was no use to weep over the dead body. Then Ditī set her mind on the truth;5 Hiraṇyakaśipu began austere penance in the Mandara hill and the fire of his penance spread far and wide and created fear in the Devas. Brahmā paid a visit and saw Hiraṇyakaśipu covered by an ant hill. Sprinkling divine waters, he woke him up to see the Lord on the Swan, and he praised His glory. He asked that (1) he might not meet with death at the hands of any being created by Brahmā; (2) might not meet with death inside or outside, by day or night, by any weapon not on earth or in sky, by men or beasts, gods or asuras; (3) he was to be without an equal; (4) he should possess undiminishing power (5) and be the one ruler of all creatures.6 These were granted and Hiraṇyakaśipu spread his sway on all the worlds and took up the seat of Indra. All gods except the Triad bowed to him;7 father of four sons, chief of whom was Prahlāda whom he hated as he was a devotee of Hari. Śukra's sons Śaṇḍa and Marka were appointed to be his tutors to get a knowledge of Trivarga. This only increased Prahlāda's devotion. Hiraṇyakaśipu put it to some inborn defect of the boy. Means to kill the child by wild beasts, poison, fire and water were of no avail. He was bound by noose and imprisoned;8 when he was absent in Mandara hill Indra harassed his followers and captured his queen with Prahlāda. Nārada asked him to release her, which he did. She was under the custody of the sage, praying to him for the birth of a good son;9 in the course of his father's (Kaśyapa's) aśvamedha sacrifice, the child Hiraṇyakaśipu sat on one of the golden seats reserved for Hotṛ, and hence the name. Ruled for nearly (1/4) of the manvantara, got aurvimāyā from Aurva to dispel;10 Tāmaśimāyā;11 rivers, mountains, worlds, etc. shaken by him;12 first of Daityas, killed by Narasimha whom he never considered as Viṣṇu;13 taken out by action of Yoganidrā under orders from Viṣṇu.14

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 17. 18-19; IV. 21. 47; VI. 18. 11-12; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 8, 9; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 140.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 19. 7-9.
  • 3) Ib. X. 85. 46-49; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 70.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 3. 11.
  • 5) Ib. VII. 1. 39-45; Ch. 2 (whole).
  • 6) Ib. I. Ch. 3 (whole): Matsya-purāṇa Chh. 161-3.
  • 7) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 4. 2, 28; Matsya-purāṇa 47. 35-59.
  • 8) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 4. 29-43; Ch. 5. (whole); Matsya-purāṇa 146. 21; 153. 6; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 142; 17. 2-29.
  • 9) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 7. 2-16.
  • 10) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 4-29, 34.
  • 11) Matsya-purāṇa 175. 25, 64-71; 178. 10 and 19.
  • 12) Ib. 163. 56-92.
  • 13) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 46-7; 15. 1, 5.
  • 14) Ib. V. 1. 72-3.

1b) Father of Divyā, wife of sage Bhṛgu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 74.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Hiranyakashipu (हिरण्‍यकश्यप): Hiranyakashipu was an Asura, and also a King of Dravida whose younger brother, Hiranyaksha was killed by Varaha, one of the avatars of Vishnu. Identical with Shishupāla and Rāvana.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Relevant definitions

Search found 101 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Prahlāda
1a) Prahlāda (प्रह्लाद).—(also Prahrāda): son of Hiraṇyakaśipu and Kayādhu, a dānavī;1...
Śiśupāla
Śiśupāla (शिशुपाल).—A son of Śrutaśravas and Damaghoṣa; in previous births, Hiraṇyakaśipu...
Narasiṃha
Narasiṃha (नरसिंह).—The Narasiṃha rock-cut shrine is rectangular on plan. An elevated square pl...
Brahmā
1a) Brahmā (ब्रह्मा).—Pitāmaha, (Lokapitāmaha)—appeared on the lotus from the na...
Asura
Asura (असुर) is the Sanskrit name for a group of deities to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, ...
Kalpa
1a) Kalpa (कल्प).—A son of Dhruva and Bhramī.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 10. 1.1b) A nephew o...
Varaha
Varāha (वराह) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Vindhyāparvata, one of the sixt...
Prahalada
Prahlada or Prahalad (Sanskrit: प्रहलाद) is a saintly character from the Puranic texts of Hi...
Varuṇa
Varuṇa (वरुण) is a Sanskrit word for a weapon used in Purāṇic literature, such as the Devī-b...
Mandara
1) Mandara (मन्दर) is the name of a mountain on the eastern side of mount Meru, according to...
Indra
Indra (इन्द्र).—The Sanskrit word indra is used as a noun for the king of a group of gods. Śvet...
Śarabha
Śarabhā (शरभा) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter...
Nala
Nala (नल).—One of the eleven rākṣasas facing the eleven rudras in the battle of the go...
Vasudeva
Vasudeva (वसुदेव).—The father of Kṛṣṇa, and the half-brother of Nanda Mahārāja Vās...
Śukra
1a) Śukra (शुक्र).—(alias Uśanas) a son of Kavi (Havirdhāna and Divyā, hence Kāvya); m...

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Search found 73 books containing Hiranyakashipu or Hiraṇyakaśipu. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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