Bherunda, Bheruṇḍa, Bheruṇḍā, Bherumda: 20 definitions


Bherunda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-four combined Hands).—Bheruṇḍa: the wrists of Kapittha hands are joined. Usage: pair of Bheruṇḍas.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bherunda in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Bheruṇḍa (भेरुण्ड).—A bird, born of Jaṭāyu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 36.

2) Bheruṇḍā (भेरुण्डा).—An Akṣaradevī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 58; 25. 95; 37. 33.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Goddess Traditions in Tantric Hinduism

1) Bheruṇḍa (भेरुण्ड) refers to two fierce birds, according to Hemacandra’s lexical Anekārthasaṃgraha (verse 3.173cd).

2) Bheruṇḍā (भेरुण्डा) is a specific deity (Goddess) according to the same work.—Several texts in connection with Tvaritā and Kurukullā that also feature Bheruṇḍā: the Saṃhitāsāra, Haramekhalā, and Ḍalhaṇa’s commentary to several Suśrutasaṃhitā passages all seem to refer to the independent snakebite goddess. We also have references to her in the Rasaratnākara’s toxicology (viṣacikitsā) section, Yogaratnāvalī 122, and Bhairavapadmāvatīkalpa 10.12. Without exception the passages are brief, sometimes only half a verse. They say that the Bheruṇḍā spell should be chanted in the ear of a bite victim to free him of the venom. With the exception of Ḍalhaṇa, who declines to give the spell directly, all of these sources or their commentaries teach a Prakrit spell for Bheruṇḍā.

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Bheruṇḍa (भेरुण्ड) refers to “warlocks”, according to the Bhairavīstotra in the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Victory! Victory (to you) O goddess (bhagavatī)! [...] Salutations to you) who bestow the play of freedom and enjoyment by means of all the liturgies (krama) and rites (kriyā) performed in the blissful meetings of great ghosts, demons (vetālas), warlocks (bheruṇḍa), witches (lāmā) and planets (graha)! [...]”

2) Bheruṇḍā (भेरुण्डा) is an epithet for the Goddess according to the same Bhairavīstotra.—Accordingly, “[...] (You are) the great power who attracts, deludes and paralyses; the mother of the Vedas; the ancient one; You are Jayā (Victory), Siddhayogeśvarī, Vajracaṇḍā, Bheruṇḍā, O you who have arisen out of the Udyāna Liṅga! [...]”.

3) Bheruṇḍā (भेरुण्डा) refers to one of the nine Nityās (Yoginīs particularly concerned with Kāma), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Kulanityā is the first and  Vajreśvarī is the second. The third is the Nityā Tvaritā and the fourth is Kurukullā. The goddess Lalitā is the fifth and the sixth is called Bheruṇḍā. The seventh is Nīlapatākā and the eighth is Kāmamaṅgalā. The goddess Vyomavyāpinī, who bestows accomplishment, is the ninth. O Lord of the gods, once known Tripurā, on (her) red lotus seat by means of the liturgy of the Nine Nityās recollect (her) liturgy (krama)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Bheruṇḍa (भेरुण्ड) (lit. “one who is terrible”) is a synonym (another name) for the Hyena (Tarakṣu), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Bheruṇḍa (भेरुण्ड) is the name of a Mahoraga mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Bheruṇḍa).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bheruṇḍa.—(EI 31), a shortened form of gaṇḍabheruṇḍa (q. v.). Note: bheruṇḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Bherunda in India is the name of a plant defined with Garcinia indica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices.

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (DC.) (1824)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Bherunda, for example pregnancy safety, chemical composition, diet and recipes, side effects, health benefits, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bheruṇḍa (भेरुण्ड).—a. Terrible, frightful, awful, fearful.

-ṇḍaḥ A species of bird.

-ṇḍam Conception, pregnancy.

-ṇḍā f.

1) Name of a Yakṣiṇī.

2) Name of a goddess; महाविश्वेश्वरी श्वेता भेरुण्डा कुलसुन्दरी (mahāviśveśvarī śvetā bheruṇḍā kulasundarī) Kālī. P.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bheruṇḍa (भेरुण्ड).—name of a serpent king: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 18.24. Cf. Bhūruṇḍa, Maruṇḍa. (Cf. also prec.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bheruṇḍa (भेरुण्ड).—mfn.

(-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍā-ṇḍaṃ) Formidable, fearful. f.

(-ṇḍā) One of the Yakshinis, or female attendants on Durga. m.

(-ṇḍaḥ) A particular deity; a form of Siva, according to the Tantras. n.

(-ṇḍaṃ) Conception, impregnation. E. bhī to fear, deriv. irr.; it is sometimes read bharaṇḍa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bheruṇḍa (भेरुण्ड).—I. (vb. bhi), adj. Formidable. Ii. m. A form of Śiva. Iii. f. ḍā, One of the Yakṣiṇīs or female attendants on Durgā. Iv. n. (vb. bhṛ), Conception.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bheruṇḍa (भेरुण्ड).—[adjective] terrible, awful. [masculine] a kind of bird or beast of prey; [feminine] ā [Name] of a goddess.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bheruṇḍa (भेरुण्ड):—[from bhera] mf(ā)n. (often [varia lectio] bheraṇḍa) terrible, formidable, awful, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a species of bird, [Mahābhārata; Harṣacarita]

3) [v.s. ...] (also ḍaka) a beast of prey (wolf, jackal, fox, or hyena), [Lalita-vistara] (cf. pheru)

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] form of Śiva (?), [Horace H. Wilson]

5) Bheruṇḍā (भेरुण्डा):—[from bheruṇḍa > bhera] f. Name of a goddess (= kālī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Yakṣiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Bheruṇḍa (भेरुण्ड):—[from bhera] n. (√bhṛ?) pregnancy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bheruṇḍa (भेरुण्ड):—[(ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍā-ṇḍaṃ) a.] Formidable. m. A form of Shiva. f. One of Durgā's attendants. n. Conception.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bheruṇḍa (भेरुण्ड) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bheruṃḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bherunda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Bheruṃḍa (भेरुंड) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bheruṇḍa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhēruṃḍa (ಭೇರುಂಡ):—[adjective] making very afraid; filling with terror; frightening or alarming greatly.

--- OR ---

Bhēruṃḍa (ಭೇರುಂಡ):—[noun] a mythical bird having two heads, believed to be stronger than lions; a griffin-like bird.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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