Mahapadma, aka: Maha-padma, Mahāpadma; 17 Definition(s)
Mahapadma means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahāpadma (महापद्म) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Triviṣṭapa, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Triviṣṭapa group contains ten out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). This group represents temples (eg. Mahāpadma) that are to be octangular in shape. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.
Mahāpadma is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Kailāśa, featuring circular-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Mahāpadma (महापद्म) is the name of a Nāga whose story was related to Gonanda by Bṛhadaśva according to the Nīlamata-purāṇa .—When the Nāga Mahāpadma approached Nīla and besought him for a dwelling place in Kaśmīra as his family was being devoured by Garuḍa, the Nāga king allotted to him the place which was formerly occupied by Ṣaḍaṅgula and where, after the banishment of Ṣaḍaṇgula, was constructed the city Candrapura ruled over by king Viśvagaśva.(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 33; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 40; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 70. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 21.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 17; Matsya-purāṇa 126. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 17; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 13.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 20. 54; 33. 36.
- 4) Matsya-purāṇa 163. 56.
1b) An elephant.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 346.
1c) The son of Mahānandi by a Śūdra woman; he was the universal emperor and brought the earth under his umbrella; ruled for 88 (28 Viṣṇu-purāṇa) years; from him all kings became unrighteous; he was a scourge of the Kṣatriyas, and just like Paraśurāma rooted out their families; he had eight sons, Sumālya (Sumātī Viṣṇu-purāṇa, Sukalpa Matsya-purāṇa) and others, all of whom ruled altogether for 100 (12 Matsya-purāṇa) years; then a Brahmana Kauṭalya Matsya-purāṇa) brought about their fall;1 from Parīkṣit to Mahāpadma is 1050 years; from Mahāpadma to Puloma Andhra is 836 years.2
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 9-12; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 139-42, 228; Matsya-purāṇa 272. 18-22; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 326-31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 20-3 and 26.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 273. 36-37.
1d) One of the eight nidhis of Kubera.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 10.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Katha (narrative stories)
Mahāpadma (महापद्म).—One of the eight kulas (‘families’) of nāgas mentioned by Soḍḍhala in his Udayasundarīkathā. Mahāpadma, and other nāgas, reside in pātāla (the nether world) and can assume different forms at will. Their movement is unobstructed in the all the worlds and they appear beautiful, divine and strong.
The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit work in the campū style, narrating the story of the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana, king of Pratiṣṭhāna. Soḍḍhala is a descendant of Kalāditya (Śilāditya’s brother) whom he praises as an incarnation of a gaṇa (an attendant of Śiva).(Source): Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
(Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Mahāpadma (महापद्म).—Serpent deity (nāga) of the north-eastern cremation ground.—In the Śmaśānavidhi 13, Mahāpadma is “lovely like the moon”, witha trident (triśūla) on his hood, making the usual añjali.(Source): Google Books: Vajrayogini
Mahāpadma (महापद्म) is the name of a serpent (nāga) associated with Aṭṭaṭṭahāsa: the north-eastern cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajravārāhī-sādhana by Umāpatideva as found in te Guhyasamayasādhanamālā. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.
These nāga-kings (eg., Mahāpadma) are variously known as nāgarāja, nāgeśa, nāgendra and bhujageśa and are depicted as wearing white ornaments according to Lūyīpāda’s Śmaśānavidhi. They have human tosos above their coiled snaketails and raised hoods above their heads. They each have their own color assigned and they bear a mark upon their raised hoods. They all make obeisance to the dikpati (protector) who is before them and are seated beneath the tree (vṛkṣa).
The Guhyasamayasādhanamālā by Umāptideva is a 12th century ritualistic manual including forty-six Buddhist tantric sādhanas. The term sādhana refers to “rites” for the contemplation of a divinity.(Source): Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
1) Mahāpadma (महापद्म) is the name of a hell according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXII).—Accordingly, “Twenty stays in the Puṇḍarīka hell equals one stay in the Mo ho po t’eou mo (Mahāpadma) hell. Kokālika has fallen into the Mahāpadma hell”.
2) Mahāpadma (महापद्म) refers to one of the “eight hells of cold water” forming part of the sixteen utsadas (secondary hells) sitauted outside of the eight great hells, according to the “world of transmigration” section in the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—Accordingly, “the Mahāpadma hell is the dwelling-place of Kiu kia li (Kokalīka)”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Mahāpadma (महापद्म) refers to the “great red-lotus hell” and represents one of the “eight cold hells” (śīta-naraka) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 122). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., mahā-padma). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
The Gilgit manuscript of Vinayavastu (Pravrajyavastu) tells us that when Buddha was born (around 1945 BC) King Mahapadma in Rajagriha of Magada Kingdom. Bimbisara was the son of Mahapadma. Bimbisara did not like the Samanta (feudatory) status of his father. He invaded Champa, the capital of Anga kingdom and killed the king. Thus, Bimbisara became the king of Champa. When his father Mahapadma died, he became the king of Anga and Magadha kingdoms.(Source): academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism
General definition (in Jainism)
Mahāpadma (महापद्म).—Name of a lake situated on top of the Mahāhimavat mountain range. There are seven such mountain ranges (or, varṣadharaparvatas) located in Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. Mahāpadma has at its centre a large padmahrada (lotus-island), which is home to the Goddess Hrī. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) and is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Mahāpadma (महापद्म) is a lake lying on top of mount Mahāhimavān (Mahāhimavat), situated in Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. There is a giant lotus (puṣkara) in the centre of the lakes (eg., Mahāpadma). In these lotuses live the nymphs (eg., Hrī, ‘modesty’ for the Mahāpadma lake), whose lifetime is one pit-measured period (playa) and who live with Sāmānikas (co-chiefs) and Pāriṣadas (counsellors). A sāmānika is a deity who is equal to Indra in life-span, power and enjoyment but lack grandeur. The pāriṣadas (counsellors) are friendly deities who are members of Indra’s council.
Jambūdvīpa (where lies the Mahāpadma lake) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
1) Mahāpadma (महापद्म) is the name of a sacred spot mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Mahāpadma is the famous Volur lake in the western portion of Kaśmīra valley.
2) Mahāpadma (महापद्म) is the name of a Nāga mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Mahāpadma, it is stated, occupied the city of Candrapura, after getting it in charity through trickery from the king Viśvagaśva.(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)
Mahāpadma (महापद्म).—In the Nīlamatapurāṇa (verses 1021, 1024, and 1387), mahāpadmasara is the proper name of a specific lake inhabited by the great nāga named Mahāpadma. This lake northwest of Srinagar in Kashmir is now known as Wular.(Source): eScholarship: Gāruḍa Medicine (history)
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
mahāpadma (महापद्म).—m (S) A million of millions. 2 One of the nidhi or treasures of the god kubēra.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
mahāpadma (महापद्म).—m A million of millions.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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Search found 18 books and stories containing Mahapadma, Maha-padma or Mahāpadma. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter LIII - Traits of conduct of men marked by the several kinds of Nidhis < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter LVIII - Positions and dimensions of the sun and other planets < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter XIX - The Garudi Vidya which is the cure for all kinds of snake-bite < [Agastya Samhita]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 5: Story of Namuci and Viṣṇukumāra < [Chapter VIII - Śrī Mahāpadmacakricaritra]
Part 4: Birth of Mahāpadma < [Chapter VIII - Śrī Mahāpadmacakricaritra]
Part 1: Incarnation as Mahāpadma < [Chapter VII - Suvidhināthacaritra]
The Nilamata Purana (by Dr. Ved Kumari)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
The eight cold hells < [The world of transmigration]
The sixteen utsadas annexed to the eight great hells < [The world of transmigration]
Courses through the five destinies (pañcagati) < [The world of transmigration]
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)