Maruta, aka: Māruta, Maruṭā; 10 Definition(s)


Maruta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Maruta in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

1) Māruta (मारुत).—The fortynine Vāyus. (For details see under DITI).

2) Māruta (मारुत).—An ancient place of habitation of south Bhārata. Those who stood on the right side of the Krauñcāruṇa Vyūha (a battle array) constructed by Dhṛṣṭadyumna in the Kurukṣetra battle were the people of Māruta from south Bhārata. (Śloka 57, Chapter 50, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Maruta (मरुत).—A son of Karandhama; he had no son and regarded Duṣyanta of Puru's family as his son.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 17.

1b) Born of Marutvatī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 112; 2. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 71; 66. 33.

1c) Mitrajyoti was his daughter.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 1, 4.

2a) Māruta (मारुत).—The Wind God,1 appointed father of Bhīma;2 with Agni appointed to destroy the Asuras; Soma escaped to the ocean; Indra ordered them to dry up the ocean and they refused to incure this sin; hence were cursed to be born on the earth; did so in one body as Agastya;3 the lord of gandhas or scents.4

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 43; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 194; 106. 59.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 154; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 49; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 153.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 61. 3-19.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 11.

2b) A Pravara of the Bhārgavas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 31; 196. 19.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Maruta in Pali glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

māruta : (m.) the wind.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Māruta, (for the usual māluta) the wind S. I, 127; Mhbv 8. (Page 530)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

māruta (मारुत).—m S Air or wind.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

māruta (मारुत).—m Air or wind.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maruṭā (मरुटा).—A woman with a high forehead.

See also (synonyms): maruṇḍā.

--- OR ---

Maruta (मरुत).—

1) Wind.

2) A god.

Derivable forms: marutaḥ (मरुतः).

--- OR ---

Māruta (मारुत).—a. (- f.) [मरुतः इदम् अण् (marutaḥ idam aṇ)]

1) Relating to or arising from the Maruts; व्रतमेतद्धि मारुतम् (vratametaddhi mārutam) Ms.9.36.

2) Relating to wind, aerial, windy.

-taḥ 1 Wind; स कीचकैर्मारुतपूर्णरन्ध्रैः (sa kīcakairmārutapūrṇarandhraiḥ) R.2.12,34;4.55; Ms.4.122.

2) The god of wind, the deity presiding over wind; मनोजवं मारुततुल्यवेगम् (manojavaṃ mārutatulyavegam) Rām-rakṣā.33.

3) Breathing.

4) Vital air, one of the three essential humours of the body; प्रविश्य सर्वभूतानि यथा चरति मारुतः (praviśya sarvabhūtāni yathā carati mārutaḥ) Ms.9.36.

5) The trunk of an elephant.

6) Ved. A son of the Maruts.

7) Name of Viṣṇu.

8) Of Rudra.

-tī 1 The north-west quarter.

2) The daughter of the Maruts or gods; उतथ्यस्य च भार्यायां ममतायां महातपाः । मारुत्यां जनयामास भरद्वाजं बृहस्पतिः (utathyasya ca bhāryāyāṃ mamatāyāṃ mahātapāḥ | mārutyāṃ janayāmāsa bharadvājaṃ bṛhaspatiḥ) || Bu. Ch.4.74; cf. Viṣṇu P.4 19.5.

-tam The lunar mansion called Svāti.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maruta (मरुत).—(a-extension of prec.; not recorded in Pali), god: nara-maruta-sahasra (cpd.) LV 95.5 (verse); marutāna (gen. pl.) Samādh 19.21 (verse).

--- OR ---

Māruta (मारुत).—a high number: Gv 106.12; compare māluta, in same list.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maruṭā (मरुटा).—f.

(-ṭā) A woman with a high forehead. E. mṛ to perish, (of love for such a woman,) uṭac aff.

--- OR ---

Maruta (मरुत).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. Air, wind. 2. A deity. 3. A plant, commonly Ghantapatali. E. ac added to the preceding.

--- OR ---

Māruta (मारुत).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. Air, wind. 2. Vital air, one of the three humours of the body. 3. A demi-god, of whom there is a class consisting of forty-nine. 4. The trunk of an elephant. n.

(-taṃ) 1. Burntoffering on conception. 2. The constellation Svati. E. mṛ to die, (by excess of it,) uti aff., and the vowel made long; the demigods, called Marutas, are said to be the sons of Diti, formed of the divisions of the fœtus in utero, by the Bajra or thunderbolt of Indra, and to be named from that deity’s addressing the fœtus he thus divided by mārodīḥ weep not.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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