Maruta, Māruta, Maruṭā: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Maruta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Māruta (मारुत).—The fortynine Vāyus. (For details see under DITI).

2) Māruta (मारुत).—An ancient place of habitation of south Bhārata. Those who stood on the right side of the Krauñcāruṇa Vyūha (a battle array) constructed by Dhṛṣṭadyumna in the Kurukṣetra battle were the people of Māruta from south Bhārata. (Śloka 57, Chapter 50, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Maruta (मरुत).—A son of Karandhama; he had no son and regarded Duṣyanta of Puru's family as his son.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 17.

1b) Born of Marutvatī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 112; 2. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 71; 66. 33.

1c) Mitrajyoti was his daughter.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 1, 4.

2a) Māruta (मारुत).—The Wind God,1 appointed father of Bhīma;2 with Agni appointed to destroy the Asuras; Soma escaped to the ocean; Indra ordered them to dry up the ocean and they refused to incure this sin; hence were cursed to be born on the earth; did so in one body as Agastya;3 the lord of gandhas or scents.4

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 43; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 194; 106. 59.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 154; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 49; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 153.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 61. 3-19.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 11.

2b) A Pravara of the Bhārgavas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 31; 196. 19.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Māruta (मारुत) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.37) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Māruta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Māruta (मारुत) refers to a “breeze”, according to the seventeenth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 91. Accordingly, as the Vetāla said to king Trivikramasena:—“... servants are bound to preserve their masters even by the sacrifice of their lives. But kings are inflated with arrogance, uncontrollable as elephants, and when bent on enjoyment they snap as under the chain of the moral law. [...] And the breeze of the waving chowries fans [viz., cāmara-māruta] away the atoms of the sense of scripture taught them by old men, as it fans away flies and mosquitoes. [...]”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning cāmara-māruta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Māruta (मारुत) refers to a group of deities summoned by the Yamāntaka-mantra and mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Māruta).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

māruta : (m.) the wind.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Māruta, (for the usual māluta) the wind S. I, 127; Mhbv 8. (Page 530)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

māruta (मारुत).—m S Air or wind.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

māruta (मारुत).—m Air or wind.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maruṭā (मरुटा).—A woman with a high forehead.

See also (synonyms): maruṇḍā.

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Maruta (मरुत).—

1) Wind.

2) A god.

Derivable forms: marutaḥ (मरुतः).

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Māruta (मारुत).—a. (- f.) [मरुतः इदम् अण् (marutaḥ idam aṇ)]

1) Relating to or arising from the Maruts; व्रतमेतद्धि मारुतम् (vratametaddhi mārutam) Ms.9.36.

2) Relating to wind, aerial, windy.

-taḥ 1 Wind; स कीचकैर्मारुतपूर्णरन्ध्रैः (sa kīcakairmārutapūrṇarandhraiḥ) R.2.12,34;4.55; Ms.4.122.

2) The god of wind, the deity presiding over wind; मनोजवं मारुततुल्यवेगम् (manojavaṃ mārutatulyavegam) Rām-rakṣā.33.

3) Breathing.

4) Vital air, one of the three essential humours of the body; प्रविश्य सर्वभूतानि यथा चरति मारुतः (praviśya sarvabhūtāni yathā carati mārutaḥ) Ms.9.36.

5) The trunk of an elephant.

6) Ved. A son of the Maruts.

7) Name of Viṣṇu.

8) Of Rudra.

-tī 1 The north-west quarter.

2) The daughter of the Maruts or gods; उतथ्यस्य च भार्यायां ममतायां महातपाः । मारुत्यां जनयामास भरद्वाजं बृहस्पतिः (utathyasya ca bhāryāyāṃ mamatāyāṃ mahātapāḥ | mārutyāṃ janayāmāsa bharadvājaṃ bṛhaspatiḥ) || Bu. Ch.4.74; cf. Viṣṇu P.4 19.5.

-tam The lunar mansion called Svāti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maruta (मरुत).—(a-extension of prec.; not recorded in Pali), god: nara-maruta-sahasra ([compound]) Lalitavistara 95.5 (verse); marutāna (gen. pl.) Samādhirājasūtra 19.21 (verse).

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Māruta (मारुत).—a high number: Gaṇḍavyūha 106.12; compare māluta, in same list.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maruṭā (मरुटा).—f.

(-ṭā) A woman with a high forehead. E. mṛ to perish, (of love for such a woman,) uṭac aff.

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Maruta (मरुत).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. Air, wind. 2. A deity. 3. A plant, commonly Ghantapatali. E. ac added to the preceding.

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Māruta (मारुत).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. Air, wind. 2. Vital air, one of the three humours of the body. 3. A demi-god, of whom there is a class consisting of forty-nine. 4. The trunk of an elephant. n.

(-taṃ) 1. Burntoffering on conception. 2. The constellation Svati. E. mṛ to die, (by excess of it,) uti aff., and the vowel made long; the demigods, called Marutas, are said to be the sons of Diti, formed of the divisions of the fœtus in utero, by the Bajra or thunderbolt of Indra, and to be named from that deity’s addressing the fœtus he thus divided by mārodīḥ weep not.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maruta (मरुत).—[marut + a], m. Wind.

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Māruta (मारुत).—i. e. marut + a, I. adj. 1. Belonging to the Maruts, Chr. 293, 6 = [Rigveda.] i. 87, 6. 2. Consisting of the Maruts, Chr. 291, 12 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 12. Ii. m. 1. A Marut. 2. Wind [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 56. 3. Vital air, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 17, 6 (ūrdhva-, m. Pressing upwards). Iii. n. Burnt offering on conception.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māruta (मारुत).—relating to the Maruts or the wind.

— [masculine] wind, air, the god of wind (adj. —° [feminine] ā), [Epithet] of Viṣṇu & Rudra; [feminine] ā [Name] of a woman, [feminine] ī (sc. diś) the north-west.

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Māruta (मारुत).—, [feminine] relating to the Maruts or the wind.

— [masculine] wind, air, the god of wind (adj. —° [feminine] ā), [Epithet] of Viṣṇu & Rudra; [feminine] ā [Name] of a woman, [feminine] ī (sc. diś) the north-west.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maruṭā (मरुटा):—f. a woman with a high forehead, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. maruṇḍā).

2) Maruta (मरुत):—[from marut] m. wind, [Śakuntalā]

3) [v.s. ...] a god, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Bignonia Suaveolens, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of various men, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] ([probably]) the god of war, [Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra ii, 15, 6].

7) Māruta (मारुत):—mf(ī)n. or māruta ([from] marut) relating or belonging to the Maruts, proceeding from or consisting of the M°s [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

8) relating to or derived from the wind, windy, aerial, [Manu-smṛti; Harivaṃśa] etc.

9) m. Name of Viṣṇu, [Ṛg-veda]

10) of Rudra, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

11) a son of the Maruts (applied to Vāyu, Ūrdhva-nabhas, Dyutāna or Nitāna), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; ???]

12) (= marut) wind, air, the god of wind, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

13) vital air, one of the 3 humours of the body, [Suśruta]

14) breath, [Śikṣā]

15) a chief of the Maruts [gana] parśv-ādi

16) Name of a Marut, [Yājñavalkya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

17) of Agni, [Gṛhyāsaṃgraha]

18) [plural] the Maruts (regarded as children of Diti), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

19) Name of a people, [Mahābhārata] ([Bombay edition]; [Calcutta edition] maḍaka)

20) Mārutā (मारुता):—[from māruta] f. Name of a woman, [Vāsavadattā, [Introduction]]

21) Māruta (मारुत):—n. ([scilicet] ṛkska or nakṣatra) the constellation Svāti, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maruṭā (मरुटा):—(ṭā) 1. f. A woman with a fine high forehead.

2) Maruta (मरुत):—(taḥ) 1. m. Air; a deity; a plant.

3) Māruta (मारुत):—[mā-ruta] (ta) 1. m. Air, wind; a demigod. n. Offering on conception.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Maruṭā (मरुटा):—f. = maruṇḍā [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Maruta (मरुत):—m.

1) Wind [VYĀḌI] bei [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 58.] [Śabdakalpadruma] [VIKRAMĀDITYAKOŚA] bei [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 1, 96.] dākṣiṇātya [KAVIRĀJA] ebend. mukha [Chezy’s Ausgabe des Śākuntala 63, 7] (wohl fehlerhaft für māruta) . —

2) ein Gott [VYĀḌI a. a. O.] —

3) Bignonia suaveolens Roxb. (ghaṇṭāpāṭali) [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] —

4) Nomen proprium = marutta [Mahābhārata 5, 2946] (hier viell. pl. die Marut). ein Sohn Karaṃdhama’s [12, 8602.] Śineyu’s [Harivaṃśa 1975] (ed. Calc. marutta) . Śīghra’s [Viṣṇupurāṇa 387,] [Nalopākhyāna 28] (maru andere Autt.).

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Māruta (मारुत):—

1) adj. (f. ī) proparox.; in [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā], in den [BRĀHMAṆA] und später oxyt. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 4, 36, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 7.] gaṇa vimuktādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 61.] den Marut gehörig, auf sie bezüglich u. s. w.: gaṇa [Ṛgveda 1, 14, 3. 5, 52, 13. 14.] viśaḥ [8, 12, 19.] śardhas [1, 37, 1. 5. 106, 1. 2, 11, 14.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 18, 45.] [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 2, 7, 2, 2.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 2, 5, 1, 12. 2, 10.] paśu [3, 9, 1, 17. 11, 5, 2, 3.] sūkta [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 11, 15, 10.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 40.] ṛc [BṚHADD.] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 107.] sthāna [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 49, 78.] zum Winde in Beziehung stehend, aus ihm hervorgegangen: prāṇātman [Harivaṃśa 2191.] praviśya sarvabhūtāni yathā carati mārutaḥ . tathā cāraiḥ praveṣṭavyaṃ vratametaddhi mārutam .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 306.] [Spr. 1869.] —

2) m. a) Bez. Viṣṇu’s [Ṛgveda 1, 156, 4.] Rudra's [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 99, 5.] — b) ein Sohn der Marut [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 5, 27] (Vāyu nach [Mahīdhara], marutputro dyutānanāmako devaḥ Comm. zu [Taittirīyasaṃhitā]). Ūrdhvanabhas [6, 16.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 6, 2, 10, 4. 3, 9, 6.] [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 6, 4, 2. 17, 1, 7.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 13, 12, 5.] Dyutāna [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 459.] Nitāna [478.] — c) Wind (= marut) gaṇa prajñādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 4, 38.] [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 58. 3, 4, 1, 5.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1107.] [Halāyudha 1, 75.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 141.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 306.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 34, 18.] [Spr. 1869. 2189.] mārute vāti vā bhṛśam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 122. 11, 113.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 194. 197.] manomārutaraṃhas [Arjunasamāgama 4, 37.] [Mahābhārata 1, 5886.] [Suśruta 1, 130, 16.] [Spr. 2716.] [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 12. 34. 4, 55.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 1, 19.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 16, 32.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 59, 3. 86, 59. 89, 4.] der Gott des Windes [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 121.] candrārkamārutāḥ [Mahābhārata 13, 308.] Hauch Śikṣā in [Weber’s Indische Studien 4, 106.] śvāsamārutaiḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 46, 71.] puṣkara aus dem Rüssel eines Elephanten [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 67, 7.] Wind im Körper (medic.) [Suśruta 1, 152, 14. 2, 442, 2. 3.] roga [1, 161, 2.] kopana [193, 19.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 2, 9.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. f. āḥ niśā sukhaśītamārutā [Mahābhārata 5, 7246.] śiśirīkṛta [Harivaṃśa 6544.] mukta (giriguhā) [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 25, 14.] — d) pl. die Marut (Kinder der Diti) [Mahābhārata 12, 12417.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 47, 4.] sg. Name eines der Marut [Mitākṣarā 142, 13.] ein Fürst der Marut (Volk?) gaṇa parśvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 3, 117.] — e) Name des Agni: agnistu māruto nāma garbhādhāne vidhīyate [Gṛhyasaṃgrahapariśiṣṭa 1, 2.] — f) pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes [Mahābhārata 6, 2083] (nach der Lesart der ed. Bomb., maḍaka ed. Calc.). —

3) f. ā Nomen proprium eines Frauenzimmers [HALL] in der Einl. zu [VĀSAVAD. 21 (vgl. 55).] —

4) f. ī (sc. diś oder vidiś) Nordwest [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 53, 118. 95, 23.] —

5) n. a) (sc. ṛkṣa oder nakṣatra) das Sternbild Svāti [Weber’s Indische Studien 5, 297.] — b) Name eines Sāman [Weber’s Indische Studien.3,229,a.] [LĀṬY.7,1,1.] — Vgl. ati, ūrdhva, dīrgha, paścānmāruta, puro, su .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Maruṭā (मरुटा):—f. eine Frau mit hoher Stirn.

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Maruta (मरुत):—m.

1) Wind.

2) *ein Gott.

3) *Bignonia suaveolens.

4) Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer.

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Māruta (मारुत):—(älter) und māruta

1) Adj. (f. ī) — a) den Marut gehörig , auf sie bezüglich u.s.w. — b) zum Winde in Beziehung stehend , aus ihm hervorgegangen.

2) m. — a) Bez. — α) Viṣṇu's. — β) Rudra's. — b) Patron. von marut. — c) Wind , Luft , der Windgott. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā. — d) Wind im Körper (m , odic.). — e) Hauch. — f) Pl. die Marut. — g) *ein Fürst der Marut. — h) ein best. Agni. — i) Nomen proprium — α) eines Marut. — β) Pl. eines Volkes [Mahābhārata 6,50,51.] —

3) f. mārutā Nomen proprium eines Frauenzimmers. —

4) f. mārutī Nordwest.

5) n. — a) das Mondhaus Svāti. — b) Name eines Sāman.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Maruta (मरुत) [Also spelled marut]:—(nm) air; the airgod.

2) Māruta (मारुत) [Also spelled marut]:—(nm) the air-god; air, wind.

context information

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